Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Mechanical properties, deformation modes under both uniaxial tension and compression, low temperature mechanical relaxation behavior, and resistance to fracture under dynamic loading have been investigated for a medium impact grade of polystyrene, Shear yielding is the dominant mode of plastic deformation in compression while matrix crazing, together with some tearing and cavitation of the rubber phase, occurs in tension. The craze microstructure, as determined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), is typical of that noted in polystyrene, with sharp craze-bulk interfaces and a characteristic midrib section. The presence of a third phase, possibly a processing aid, is evident in the TEM scans and in the dynamic mechanical data. The present data, together with the data obtained on polystyrene and on high impact polystyrene, are used to show the strong influence of rubber content on various mechanical properties, such as the tensile craze yielding stress, ductility, compression yield strength, degree of strain softening, and fatigue durability.
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