Chick blastoderm serum proteins
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary The pattern of serum protein synthesis and secretion in aggregates of extraembryonic endoderm cells (EEC) from the area opaca of primitive streak chick embryos was studied. EEC aggregates were cultured for various time intervals and serum proteins were detected using sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and fluorography. Serum proteins were identified based on their comigration with reference proteins from 4 day chick embryo serum and with reference proteins from egg white albumen and chicken serum. A number of serum proteins were detected in EEC aggregates including: two variants of immunoglobulin (IgG), four variants of transferrin, a protein with a molecular weight of 66 500 which may correspond to α globulins, prealbumin, and a protein with a molecular weight of 38 600 (serum protein 11) which remains unidentified. These proteins were also detected in the culture medium. The banding profiles of EEC extracts and culture medium were compared over various time intervals of culture (6, 18 and 30 h). The IgGs, transforms and serum protein 11 decreased in concentration in EEC extracts over the culture interval. These proteins as well as prealbumin, were detected in the culture medium. A number of proteins were synthesized by EEC, as determined by radiolabelled amino acid incorporation. All of the labelled serum proteins were detected in the culture medium, not in EEC extracts. These results suggest that serum proteins are synthesized by EEC then rapidly released into the medium. Labelled serum proteins detected in the culture medium include prealbumin and an unidentified serum protein (serum protein 14) which migrates with the tracking dye, both synthesized early in culture (6 h), and transferrin which was synthesized later (18 h) during culture.
Type of Medium: