Key words Phenol degradation
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The activator-encoding gene phlR was identified upstream of the plasmid-encoded operon for phenol degradation in Pseudomonas putida strain H by cassette mutagenesis and DNA sequence analysis. The deduced amino acid sequence of PHLR shows high homology to DmpR of P. putida sp. CF600 and to the chromosomally encoded PhhR of P. putida P35X reported previously. Trans-activation of phenol degradation was observed when phlR was overexpressed in a phlR insertion mutant. Transconjugants of Escherichia coli carrying pPGH11, which contains the complete set of phl genes, are unable to grow on phenol as carbon source. However, two types of mutants were selected for further characterization that were able to metabolize phenol as sole source of carbon and energy. In both types of mutants enhanced expression of phlR is responsible for the Phl+ phenotype. In type I (pPGH13) a deletion of 1 bp made the −35 region and the spacing between the −35 and −10 regions of the phlR promoter more similar to the consensus structure. In type II (pPGH14) a duplication of the phlR 5′ region was identified that includes part of the −35 motif and reduces the spacing between the −35 and −10 regions. In addition, due to the duplication of part of phlR, the distance from the phlR promoter to the catabolic phl operon is increased. Different transcriptional start sites have been identified by primer extension analysis in clones harboring pPGH14 or the wild type phlR. Quantitative primer extension analysis revealed that the greatest amount of phlR transcript is expressed from the partial, phlR duplication. Growth on phenol and phenol hydroxylase activity reflect the high level of phlR transcript in E. coli transconjugants. Overexpression of PhlR was also observed when pPGH14 was transferred into P. putida, and results in earlier induction of the phenol degradation operon relative to the wild-type strain.
Type of Medium: