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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Single ; specific chromosomes ; Transgenes ; Microprotoplast fusion ; Monosomic additions ; Genomic in situ hybridization
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Results are reported on the transfer of single, specific chromosomes carrying kanamycin resistance (KanR) and β-glucuronidase (GUS) traits from a transformed donor line of potato (Solanum tuberosum) to a recipient line of the tomato species Lycopersicon peruvianum through microprotoplast fusion. Polyethylene glycol-induced mass fusion between donor potato microprotoplasts containing one or a few chromosomes and normal recipient diploid L. peruvianum protoplasts gave several KanR calli. A high frequency of plants regenerated from KanR calli expressed both KanR and GUS, and contained one or two copies of npt-II and a single copy of gus. Genomic in situ hybridization showed that several microprotoplast hybrid plants had one single potato donor chromosome carrying npt-II and gus genes and the complete chromosome complement of the recipient L. peruvianum (monosomic additions). Several monosomic-addition hybrid plants could be regenerated within the short time of 3 months and they were phenotypically normal, resembling the recipient line. These results suggest that the transfer of single chromosomes is tolerated better than is the transfer of the whole donor genome. The unique advantages of microprotoplast fusion are discussed: these include the direct production of monosomic addition lines for the transfer and introgression of economically important traits in sexually-incongruent species, the construction of chromosome-specific DNA libaries, high-resolution physical mapping and the identification of alien chromosome domains related to gene expression.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Key words Microprotoplast fusion ; Chromosome transfer ; Alien gene integration ; Chromosome identification ; Sexual transmission
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract  Results are reported on the integration sites and copy number of alien marker genes neomycin phosphotransferase II (nptII) and β-glucuronidase (uidA), introduced into diploid potato Solanum tuberosum through transformation by Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Also, the transgenic potato chromosomes 3 and 5 harbouring the nptII and uidA genes, which were transferred to tomato (wild species Lycopersicon peruvianum) by microprotoplast fusion, as revealed by genomic in situ hybridization (GISH), were identified by RFLP analysis using chromosome-specific markers. The data revealed three integration sites in the donor potato genome, each containing the uidA gene, and two also harbouring the nptII gene. Analysis of monosomic-addition hybrid plants obtained after microprotoplast fusion showed that each of these three integration sites is located on a different potato chromosome. The microprotoplast hybrid plants contained only the chromosomes that carried the selectable gene nptII. The data on sexual transmission of the donor potato chromosome carrying the uidA and nptII genes were obtained by analysing the first backcross progeny (BC1) derived from crossing a monosomic-addition hybrid plant to tomato (L. peruvianum). The glucuronidase (GUS) assay and PCR analysis using primers for the uidA gene indicated the presence of the potato chromosome in GUS-positive and its absence in GUS-negative BC1 plants. RFLP analysis confirmed sexual transmission of the potato chromosome carrying the nptII and uidA genes to the BC1 plants. A few BC1 plants contained the nptII and uidA genes in the absence of the potato additional chromosome, indicating that the marker genes were integrated into the tomato genome. The potential applications of the transfer of alien chromosomes and genes by microprotoplast fusion technique are discussed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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