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  • Circulation  (1)
  • cDNA
  • 3H
  • AC-ECD
  • Springer  (2)
  • Munksgaard International Publishers
  • 1990-1994  (2)
Collection
Publisher
  • Springer  (2)
  • Munksgaard International Publishers
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Year
  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-4919
    Keywords: cDNA ; human ; placenta ; immunoglobulin ; pregnancy-specific β1-glycoprotein
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Three cDNAs encoding members of the pregnancy-specific β1-glycoprotein (PSG) family were isolated from human term placental cDNA library. All three cDNAs encode proteins with similar domain structure. There is a leader sequence of 34 amino acids followed by an N-domain of 109 amino acids. Immediately after the N-domain are one or two copies of a repeating A-domain of 93 amino acids, a B-domain of 85 amino acids and a C-domain of variable size. The proteins are highly hydrophilic. However, one of them has an 81-amino acid C-domain which is very hydrophobic and could potentially serve as a membrane attachment site. The putative cell-cell recognition tripeptide, Arg-Gly-Asp, is present in the N-domain of two of the proteins. Partial sequence of one of the cDNAs has been found in HeLa cells while cDNAs highly homologous to two of the cDNAs have been found in the fetal liver. Functional roles of the PSG proteins basing on their structure are proposed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-136X
    Keywords: Proctolin ; Crustacean cardioactive peptide ; Cardiovascular ; Circulation ; Crab, Cancer magister
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Decapod crustacean pericardial organs contain extensive neurohormonal reserves which can be released directly into the haemolymph to act as physiological modulators. The present paper concerns the in vivo effects of two pericardial peptides, proctolin and crustacean cardioactive peptide, on cardiovascular dynamics in the crab Cancer magister. Infusion of proctolin into the pericardial sinus caused a slight decrease in heart rate concurrent with a large increase in cardiac stroke volume. It decreased haemolymph flow anteriorly through the paired anterolateral arteries and increased flow posteriorly and ventrally through the posterior aorta and sternal artery, respectively. The threshold for responses occurred at circulating concentrations of 10-9 mol·l-1, and haemolymph flows remained elevated for up to 30 min after peptide infusion. The effects of crustacean cardioactive peptide were less dramatic. Heart rate was not affected but a significant increase in stroke volume was observed. Crustacean cardioactive peptide increased haemolymph flow through the anterolateral arteries and increased scaphognathite rate. The threshold for crustacean cardioactive peptide activity was higher than for proctolin (10-7 mol·l-1 and 10-6 mol·l-1) but the responses to crustacean cardioactive peptide were of longer duration. The effects of proctolin on regional haemeolymph distribution in Cancer magister closely resemble the cardiovascular responses of this species when exposed to hypoxic conditions. These peptides may be implicated as cardiovascular regulators during environmental perturbations.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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