An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Proceed order?

Export
Filter
• Colloidal suspensions  (1)
• Generalized hydrodynamics  (1)
• Rheological equation  (1)
Collection
Keywords
Publisher
Years
• 1
Electronic Resource
Springer
Rheologica acta 21 (1982), S. 1-14
ISSN: 1435-1528
Keywords: Generalized hydrodynamics ; entropy principle ; polymeric liquid
Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
Notes: Abstract Three generalizations of classical hydrodynamic theories that are compatible with equilibrium thermodynamics and that are suitable for an appropriate macroscopic dynamical theory of polymeric liquids are considered. The strain tensor, the stress tensor and the chain segment distribution function (introduced in the network theory of polymeric liquids) are accepted as new state variables. We find that the generalized hydrodynamic equations are compatible with equilibrium thermodynamics provided certain conditions restricting the freedom of choice of constitutive relations are satisfied. In some particular cases the conditions are known from other considerations. We say that a dynamical theory is compatible with equilibrium thermodynamics, or equivalently, that it obeys the entropy principle if the properties listed in section 2.1 are satisfied.
Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
Signatur Availability
Others were also interested in ...
• 2
Electronic Resource
Springer
Rheologica acta 27 (1988), S. 241-254
ISSN: 1435-1528
Keywords: Rheological equation ; dilute polymersolution ; polyelectrolyte ; shear thickening ; polyacrylamide solution
Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
Notes: Abstract A mathematical model based on the diffusion-convection equations is used to describe the rheological properties of dilute polymer solutions. The model uses a second-order conformation tensor as a measure of the internal strain; this avoids the mathematical complexity resulting from the use of a more detailed description of the macromolecules and also avoids the necessity of introducing additional ad-hoc assumptions (closure approximations) commonly used in other molecular theories. The rheological equation is obtained in terms of the rate-of-deformation tensor $$\dot \gamma$$ and a scalar functionf(σ) relating the extra stress tensorσ to the internal strain tensorc. The functionf(σ) depends on the physical insight introduced in the Helmholtz free energyA(c) of the solvent-polymer system. This approach is illustrated for an intra-molecular potential of a “FENE-charged” type. The concept of an isotropic, but conformation-dependent, friction coefficient, is also introduced to account for the “coil-stretch” transformation of macromolecules in solution. Viscosity and first normal-stress data, of partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide solutions, (polyelectrolytes) are analyzed and compared to the model predictions in steady shear and elongational flows.
Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
Signatur Availability
Others were also interested in ...
• 3
Electronic Resource
Springer
Rheologica acta 38 (1999), S. 14-25
ISSN: 1435-1528
Keywords: Key words Fumed silica ; Colloidal suspensions ; Non-linear viscoelasticity ; Rheological models
Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
Notes: Abstract Suspensions of fumed silica exhibit a wide range of rheological properties depending on the nature and magnitude of the interparticle forces. In a non-polar fluid, the particles interact through hydrogen bonding and can form a three-dimensional network. The microstructure formation is responsible for the non-linear viscoelastic behavior of fumed silica suspensions, even at very small strain. These non-linear rheological properties have been studied in small amplitude oscillatory experiments as a function of particle size, surface treatment of particles, suspending medium polarity and solids concentration. The non-linear viscoelastic behavior is characterized by a non-sinusoidal waveform of the signal response. For suspensions in a non-polar fluid, both the elastic and the loss moduli are shown to be sensitive to the strain amplitude: the elastic modulus is decreasing with increasing strain whereas the loss moduli is initially increasing with strain. We have chosen to examine the dissipated energy which is clearly related to the breakup of the suspension structure. A comparison of model predictions and the experimental data shows the limitations of these models, recently proposed in the literature to describe the behavior of colloidal suspensions.
Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
Signatur Availability
Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗