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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-2277
    Keywords: Key words Hepatitis B ; Liver transplantation ; Lamivudine ; Interferon ; Resistance ; Combination therapy
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Development of resistance is a major issue in antiviral treatment of hepatitis B reinfection after liver transplantation. Antiviral combination therapy is discussed for therapy or prevention of this breakthrough of viral replication. Eight patients were enrolled into this retrospective analysis after liver transplantation for chronic hepatitis B infection. All had reinfection of the graft and breakthrough of HBV during consecutive famciclovir and lamivudine monotherapy. Subsequently a combination therapy with lamivudine and interferon-α 2 a (group I, n = 4) or lamivudine and famciclovir (group II, n = 4) was initiated. Combination therapy was started 61 months (group I) and 25 months (group II) after liver transplantation. It markedly reduced the viral replication rate in all patients despite lamivudine resistance. In group I three of four patients and in group II two of four patients became HBV-DNA negative. Two long-term responders were observed in group I, and none in group II. No patient became HBsAg negative or lost HbeAg. Pretreatment elevated ALT and AST levels were significantly reduced. No severe complications, and especially no rejection episodes, occurred. Lamivudine in combination with other antiviral agents, especially interferon-α, might be a therapeutic option for hepatitis B reinfection after liver transplantation. Suppression of virus replication to the point of undetectable values is possible even in patients with lamivudine-resistant virus mutations.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-2277
    Keywords: Key words Liver transplantation ; Arterial complications
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract From September 1988 through April 1998, 1000 liver transplantations were performed on 911 patients. During the postoperative control examinations of 837 patients, we found 23 (2.74 %) with hepatic artery thromboses, 27 stenoses of the hepatic artery (3.22 %), and 6 aneurysms of the graft artery. Seventeen patients underwent retransplantation because of arterial complications. Depending on the clinical symptoms, we treated both the local situation as well as the resulting complications of inadequate arterial graft flow. The aneurysms were primarily treated surgically. The first choice of treatment of stenoses was balloon angioplasty. Early postoperative artery thromboses were also treated surgically by thrombectomy in selected cases. For the resulting biliary and local septic complications we preferred endoscopic and drainage procedures. Our clinical experiences have led us to find pretransplantation angiography recommendable, especially in the case of splanchnic artery stenoses, for bypassing from the aorta for arterial perfusion of the graft.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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