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  • Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling  (21)
  • Long-range order  (2)
  • Benzenoids  (1)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-2234
    Keywords: Kekulé structure enumeration ; Dimer covering enumeration ; 1-Factor enumeration ; Benzenoid π-network polymers ; Long-range order ; Bond localization ; Edge reactivity ; Graph theory ; Transfer matrices
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract The problem of covering every site of a subsection of the honeycomb lattice with disjoint edges is considered. It is pointed out that a type of long-range order associated to such coverings can occur, so that different phases can arise as a consequence of the subsection's boundaries. These features are quantitatively investigated via a new analytic solution for a class of strips of arbitrary widths, arbitrary lengths, and arbitrary long-range-order values. Relations to work on the dimer covering problem of statistical mechanics and especially to the resonance theory of benzenoid hydrocarbons are noted.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-2234
    Keywords: π-network polymers ; Valence-bond model ; Resonance theory ; Long-range order ; Bond localization ; Solitonic excitations ; Transfer matrices
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract The poly-polyphenanthrene family of extended π-network strips with members ranging from polyacetylene to graphite is considered in terms of the locally correlated valence-bond or Heisenberg Hamiltonian. Resonance theory wavefunctions which provide a variational upper bound to the ground state energy are developed in a graph-theoretic formalism extendable to more general localized wavefunction cluster expansions. The graph-theoretic formalism facilitates the use of general transfer matrix techniques, which are especially powerful in application to quasi-one-dimensional systems such as are illustratively treated here. It is argued that these strips exhibit states of different long-range spin-pairing orderings. Novel properties associated with these different resulting phases are briefly indicated, including the possibilities of solitonic excitations and the reactivity at the ends of the strips. The qualitative arguments are supported by numerical calculations for strips up to width 8.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-2234
    Keywords: Polymers ; Oligomers ; Benzenoids ; Resonance ; Conjugation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Summary We have initiated a comparative study of several families of structurally closely related large benzenoid hydrocarbons of increasing number of fused benzene rings. Local and global properties of such molecules have been studied with a particular interest in investigating the closeness of finite-size molecules for modelling infinite polymeric structures having the same structural patterns. We focus in this report on two questions: (1) how large is a finite molecule which well approximates an infinite system? and (2) how do terminal groups influence local properties in the central part of the molecule as we approach the infinite system. Emphasis in this report is on extraction of high-accuracy limiting values for selected molecular properties from limited data on a few smaller members of structurally related molecules.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0020-7608
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: An information-theoretic degree of symmetry adaptation of a ket with respect to a given group is introduced. Then the general equivalence between spin-free electronic kets and antisymmetrized space-spin kets is obtained so long as our attention is restricted to spin-independent observables. It is noted that there are spin-free kets for which there exists no single antisymmetrized space-spin ket giving all the same expectation values; the converse is also noted.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0020-7608
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Various instances in which weakly or nonsymmetry-adapted kets may arise in the description of electronic systems are discussed. These cases include some types of selfconsistent field kets, exchange perturbation kets, and multistate kets.
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0020-7608
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: A systematic mathematically based approach is made to categorize the different stereochemical possibilities for finite carbon clusters comprised of fully bonded smooth nets of carbon atoms all of which are trigonally hybridized. An exceptional richness of ideas and theorems from topology, differential geometry, and graph theory are found to be relevant and to govern not only the conventional chemical graph-theoretic molecular interconnection patterns but also topo-geometric features of the stereochemically conceivable structures and their associated strain. The usually considered fullerenes (with or without isolated pentagonal rings) form but a fraction of the overall possibilities, some of which e.g., do not require pentagonal rings (or other “small” rings). But too there emerges from the theory certain special structures which turn out often to correspond to experimentally observed fullerenes. © 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 16 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 0020-7608
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The localized-site cluster expansion technique is applied to the infinite linear Heisenberg model with both nearest-neighbor and next nearest-neighbor interactions. These cluster ansätze are systematically studied and improved, up to the so-called 5-site approximation. Generally we find the present cluster ansätze yield the most accurate variational results yet available.
    Additional Material: 20 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 0020-7608
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: A computational approach for general Heisenberg spin Hamiltonians for a finite number of interacting doublet species is described. Maximum use of permutation and point group symmetry is incorporated in factorizing the secular equation. Associated problems in the computation of symmetric group characters, related frequencies, and selection of linearly independent kets from a large linearly dependent set are also solved.
    Additional Material: 1 Tab.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0020-7608
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: A general and systematic localized-site cluster expansion is described. It provides simple physically appealing and computationally feasible wave function ansätze, as well as, via extension of the cluster expansion, a unique expression for general, possibly exact, wave functions. We show that a variety of matrix element evaluation techniques are available and that they are sometimes exact though relatively simple. These techniques often proceed in terms of computational time proportional to the number of different types of sites, rather than their total number. Thus it seems we have a new and viable many-body theory, which is expected to be most accurate and most readily implementable when a physical picture with slightly perturbed localized sites is relevant.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 0020-7608
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: We investigate the total spin structure of an approximate localized-site wave function for a collection of paramagnetic sites interacting so as to favor a singlet ground state. As the number of sites becomes infinite we obtain the distribution of weights of the different symmetry components of the localized site wave function; further, although only a very small fraction of such nonsymmetric wave functions is actually singlet, we find that it generally yields the same bulk property expectation values as its singlet-projected component.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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