Column liquid chromatography
Gradient elution, sudden transition
Precipitation chromatography of polymers
Solubility of polymers
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Summary Copolymers from styrene and ethyl methacrylate have been separated according to composition by methanol gradients on a cyanopropyl column after injection inton-heptane and a subsequent rapid increase of dichloromethane (DCM) concentration from zero to a constant value in the range from 10 to 40%. Retention and resolution in sudden-transition gradients increased with decreasing DCM concentration. The gradient rate was varied between 2.5 and 7.5%/min with optimum resolution at 2.5% min. At a level of 20% DCM and a gradient rate of 5%/min, the separation of a mixture of five copolymers in a sudden-transition gradient was the same as with the corresponding common gradient, i.e., with injection into a mixture ofn-heptane and 20% DCM. Elution was also achieved at a level of 20% DCM by continuous addition of tetrahydrofuran (THF) instead of methanol. With THF, the peaks appeared later than with methanol in spite of the fact that methanol is a non-solvent and THF a good solvent for the polymers investigated. This indicates that elution was, in the first instance, caused by the polarity of the eluent. The elution characteristics of the copolymers in the system heptane/methanol at constant DCM concentration were basically similar to the already known characteristics iniso-octane/methanol at constant THF concentrations.
Type of Medium: