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  • Anorectal malformation  (1)
  • Cure-Net  (1)
  • Key words Hepatobiliary dysfunction  (1)
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  • 1
    Keywords: VARIANTS ; CHILDREN ; IMPERFORATE ANUS ; Anorectal malformation ; Cure-Net ; Neurogenic bladder dysfunction ; Postoperative complication ; Urinary tract dysfunction
    Abstract: The aim of the German Network for Congenital Uro-REctal Malformations is to collect data of affected patients with anorectal malformation (ARM) or extrophy-epispadias complex, and to investigate molecular causes, clinical implications, and psychosocial outcome. The current issue was to assess the postoperative sequelae related to lower urinary tract dysfunction in patients with ARM. Two hundred and sixty-seven patients with ARM (112 females, 155 males, median age 6 years, range 0-56 years) were investigated via standardized case report forms comprising interview, analysis of medical data, and personal questionnaires. Thirty-two patients (12%, 23 males, 9 females) suffered from neurogenic bladder dysfunction, mainly associated with recto-urethral fistula (11 cases, 34%), and recto-vesical fistula (6 cases, 19%). Sixty-eight patients (26%, 35 males, 57 females) have experienced lifetime urinary tract infection, primarily associated with recto-urethral fistula (21 cases, 31%), and vestibular fistula (13 cases, 19%). According to type of operation, the highest number of postoperative urologic problems was reported after abdominosacroperineal pull-through. Besides reconstructing the ARM, another main goal is the preservation of lower urinary tract function. In our data, there seems to be a close correlation between operative strategies and postoperative complications
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 21792651
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1437-9813
    Keywords: Key words Hepatobiliary dysfunction ; Total parenteral nutrition ; Infants ; Experimental model
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract We analyzed clinical, biochemical, and histo- logic parameters of ten infants with parenteral nutrition-induced hepatobiliary dysfunction. The data were compared with the results of a rabbit model. All infants were born prematurely with low birth weight. Their clinical diagnoses were necrotizing enterocolitis (6), gastroschisis (1), intrauterine volvulus (1), and lung hypoplasia (2). All required total (TPN) or partial parenteral nutrition for at least 8 weeks. All had repeated episodes of infections or sepsis. A rise in bilirubin and aminotransferase levels occurred after a minimum of 5 weeks; peak bilirubin levels ranged from 4 to 14 mg% and aminotransferases from 40 to 140 IU/l. One child later developed gallstones. Liver biopsies after 1 to 24 months showed fibrosis, bile-duct proliferation, cholestasis, and hydropic degeneration. All of the above-mentioned clinical factors have been accused of causing the observed biochemical and histologic changes. In our rabbit model we were able to produce almost identical symptoms by TPN alone: gallbladder distension, sludge, and stones developed after 1–4 weeks of TPN as well as uncharacteristic changes in aminotransferases and bilirubin after 4 weeks. Liver histology revealed severe hydropic degeneration of zone 3 as early as 1 week after beginning TPN. A rise of fibrosis and bile-duct proliferation after 1 to 4 weeks of infusion was statistically significant. Cholestasis, as was observed in the infants, could not be detected. In our model, all alterations observed could be attributed exclusively to TPN. We therefore assume that TPN was the true cause of the dysfunction. In a second experimental series infusions were reduced to 80% PN and free access to lab chow. These animals produced normal feces, indicating physiologic enteral stimulation. They developed the same degenerative and proliferative histologic changes, whereas gallbladder distension, sludge, and stones were not noted. We conclude that: (1) The TPN solution itself is responsible for the histologic changes in the liver, which is supported by the fact that hydropic degeneration of zone 3 is typical of a direct toxic effect; and (2) Complete enteral starvation with an absence of enteral stimulation causes disease of the lower biliary tract.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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