Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary From one plant of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) with only two one-seeded pods, found in an F4 population maintained by single-seed descent procedure, two fully fertile plants were obtained which, in turn, produced two progeny segregating for male sterility. Segregation ratios, observed on progeny from fertile plants in three successive generations, indicated that the male-sterility trait was under the control of a single recessive gene. Cytological observations made on malesterile, female-fertile plants showed the occurrence of a complete and properly timed cytokinesis with the formation of tetrad cells whose size was very variable, one of which sometimes had two nuclei. During pollen maturation binucleate microspores and grains with reduced size (micropollens) were frequently observed. Massive pollen degeneration occurred at a rather later stage. Structural evidence points to a normally functioning tapetum. On the basis of these cytological observations we conclude that the abnormalities observed in the mutant we studied have to be considered to be different from those caused by any other known ms allele. Tests of allelism with other sources of male sterility are in progress.
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