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  • 1
    Keywords: RISK ; MELANOMA ; DATABASE ; MUTATIONS ; CANCER RISKS ; AUSTRALIA ; INCIDENCE RATES ; SPOUSES
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 12873883
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  • 2
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    International Journal of Cancer 105 (5), 692-700 
    Keywords: CANCER ; LUNG-CANCER ; RISK ; SITES ; TIME ; SKIN ; lifestyle ; WOMEN ; risk factors ; MELANOMA ; DATABASE ; GASTRIC-CANCER ; HELICOBACTER-PYLORI ; ATTRIBUTABLE RISKS ; CARCINOID-TUMORS ; causes of cancer ; ENDOMETRIAL CANCER ; environmental risks ; EPSTEIN-BARR-VIRUS ; LIFE-STYLE ; sociol factors ; SWEDISH POPULATION
    Abstract: It is well known that certain cancers have shown clustering in socioeconomic groups, but limited data are available on recent results and time trends in such clustering. We determined standardized incidence ratios (SIR) for cancer, adjusted for age, period, region, parity and age at first childbirth among men and women in 6 socioeconomic groups based on the Swedish Family-Cancer Database. Persons had to be identified with the same socioeconomic status in the census of years 1960 and 1970, or of years 1960, 1970 and 1980; the comparison group was all people according to the same censuses. Cancers were followed from years 1970 to 1998 or from 1980 to 1998. Both increased and decreased SIRs were found, and a consistent pattern emerged, although the overall SIRs for cancer did not differ much, the lowest being for farmers (0.8S) and the highest for professional men (1.07) and women (1.11). At individual sites, manual workers were at risk of tobacco-, alcohol- and occupation- and human papilloma virus-related cancers and at a decreased risk at most other cancers. Manual workers and farmers showed an excess of stomach cancer; professionals had an excess of melanoma and squamous cell skin cancer. Male and female SIRs correlated highly for manual and blue-collar workers and for professionals. The overall population- attributable fraction for selected sites was 16.7% for men and 10.9% for women and it was highest, over 50%, for lung cancer in both genders
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 12740920
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  • 3
    Keywords: CANCER ; NEW-YORK ; RISK ; SKIN ; ASSOCIATION ; BREAST-CANCER ; IN-SITU ; RATES ; MELANOMA ; SWEDEN ; DATABASE ; SQUAMOUS-CELL CARCINOMA ; NATIONWIDE ; CUTANEOUS MELANOMA ; OCULAR MELANOMA ; FAMILY-CANCER DATABASE ; 2ND PRIMARY CANCERS ; MALIGNANT- MELANOMA
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
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  • 4
    Keywords: CANCER ; CELL ; Germany ; LUNG ; neoplasms ; PROSTATE ; COMMON ; lung cancer ; LUNG-CANCER ; DISEASE ; HISTORY ; incidence ; NEW-YORK ; RISK ; RISKS ; SITE ; SITES ; renal ; SKIN ; SUSCEPTIBILITY ; BREAST ; BREAST-CANCER ; AGE ; genetics ; etiology ; PROSTATE-CANCER ; leukemia ; SWEDEN ; DATABASE ; SIR ; familial risk ; NATIONWIDE ; ATTRIBUTABLE RISKS ; FAMILY-CANCER DATABASE ; NONPOLYPOSIS COLORECTAL-CANCER ; MULTIPLE-MYELOMA ; GUIDELINES ; familial cancers,heritable cancer,clinical counseling,familial risk ; GENOMIC MEDICINE ; HODGKINS-LYMPHOMA ; TESTICULAR CANCER
    Abstract: Familial risks for cancer are important for clinical counseling and understanding cancer etiology. Medically verified data on familial risks have not been available for all types of cancer. The nationwide Swedish Family-Cancer Database includes all Swedes born in 1932 and later (0-to 68-year-old offspring) with their parents, totaling over 10.2 million individuals. Cancer cases were retrieved from the Swedish Cancer Registry up to year 2000. Standardized incidence ratios (SIR) and 95% confidence limits (Cl) were calculated for age-specific familial risk in offspring by an exact proband status. The familial risks for offspring cancer were increased at 24/25 sites from concordant cancer in only the parent, at 20/21 sites from a sibling proband and at 12/12 sites from a parent and sibling proband. The highest SIRs by parent were for Hodgkin's disease (4.88) and testicular (4.26), non-medullary thyroid (3.26), ovarian (3.15) and esophageal (3.14) cancer and for multiple myeloma (3.33). When a sibling was affected, even prostate, renal, squamous cell skin, endocrine, gastric and lung cancer and leukemia showed SIRs in excess of 3.00. The highest cumulative risks were found for familial breast (5.5%) and prostate (4.2%) cancers. We identified reliable familial risks for 24 common neoplasms, most of which lack guidelines for clinical counseling or action level. If, for example, a familial SIR of 2.2 would be use as an action level, counseling would be needed for most cancers at some diagnostic age groups. The present data provide the basis for clinical counseling. (C) 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 14618624
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  • 5
    Keywords: CANCER ; Germany ; PROSTATE ; DISEASE ; HISTORY ; incidence ; NEW-YORK ; POPULATION ; RISK ; RISKS ; SITE ; SITES ; GENE ; GENES ; PATIENT ; kidney ; FAMILY ; MEMBER ; MEMBERS ; SUSCEPTIBILITY ; BREAST-CANCER ; etiology ; PROSTATE-CANCER ; SWEDEN ; DATABASE ; SIR ; familial risk ; NATIONWIDE ; FAMILY-CANCER DATABASE ; GUIDELINES ; GENOMIC MEDICINE ; TESTICULAR CANCER ; CELL TUMORS ; familial cancers,heritable cancer,clinical counseling,urology ; LINDAU-DISEASE
    Abstract: Familial risks for cancer are important for clinical counseling and understanding cancer etiology. The nationwide Swedish Family-Cancer Database includes all Swedes born in 1932 and later (0 to 68-year-old offspring) with their parents, totaling over 10.2 million individuals. Urological cancer cases were retrieved from the Swedish Cancer Registry up to year 2000. Standardized incidence ratios (SIR) and 95% confidence limits (CI) were calculated for age-specific familial risk in offspring by an exact proband status. The familial risks for offspring cancer were increased at all urological sites from concordant cancer in the parent and in a sibling proband. The highest SIRs by parent were for testicular and prostate cancer (4.26 and 2.45). When a sibling was affected, even kidney cancer (4.74) showed a high SIR. For kidney cancers, and also for prostate and testicular cancers, the SIRs were higher among siblings than among offspring and parents, which may indicate the involvement of recessive effects. Family members of patients with prostate cancer or von Hippel Lindau disease can expect organized clinical counseling, but family members of patients with other urological cancers are probably not counseled. Guidelines for clinical counseling or action level should be developed for all urological cancers because of the established familial risks. Urological cancers also offer a challenge to molecular geneticists attempting to identify the susceptibility genes underlying the familial clustering
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 14615900
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  • 6
    Keywords: CANCER ; carcinoma ; neoplasms ; RISK ; RISKS ; TIME ; FAMILY ; tumour ; SKIN ; ASSOCIATION ; SUSCEPTIBILITY ; IN-SITU ; MELANOMA ; SWEDEN ; DATABASE ; SIR ; CUTANEOUS MELANOMA ; Bowen's disease ; in situ carcinoma ; multiple skin cancer ; multiple skin cancers ; NUCLEOTIDE EXCISION-REPAIR ; OCULAR MELANOMA ; PRIMARY CANCERS
    Abstract: We used the updated nation-wide Swedish Family-Cancer Database to examine familial risks in data from 1961 to 1998 on 1252 invasive and 2474 in situ squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the skin among offspring, and over 10 times more among parents. In 259 families a parent and an offspring had skin SCC. The familial standardised incidence ratios (SIRs) were 2.72 for invasive and 2.40 for in situ skin cancers in offspring. Multiple skin cancers in parents were associated with increased SIRs for invasive SCC in offspring, being 2.55 for one and up to 14.93 for two invasive and two in situ cancers in parents; the corresponding in situ SCC risks were 2.28 and 7.49. The population attributable fraction for any familial skin SCC, invasive or in situ, was 4.1%. Melanoma was the only discordant tumour that was associated with invasive and in situ skin SCC. These results provide evidence that there is an underlying hereditary susceptibility for at least a part of the familial clustering for skin SCC. (C) 2003 Cancer Research UK
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 12778064
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  • 7
    Keywords: CANCER ; tumor ; carcinoma ; CELL ; LUNG ; PROSTATE ; COMMON ; GENERATION ; incidence ; RISK ; RISKS ; SITE ; SITES ; TUMORS ; TIME ; PATIENT ; kidney ; FAMILY ; primary ; renal ; ASSOCIATION ; LYMPHOMA ; MALIGNANCIES ; EXPERIENCE ; MALES ; leukemia ; BLADDER ; SWEDEN ; DATABASE ; MUTATIONS ; HIGH-RISK ; SIR ; 2ND PRIMARY MALIGNANCIES ; adenocarcinoma ; DUPLICATION ; familial risk ; GERMLINE ; kidney,carcinoma,renal cell,carcinoma,papillary,genetic diseases,inborn,neoplasms,second primary ; NATIONWIDE ; TRACT
    Abstract: Purpose: Familial risks in papillary renal cell carcinoma and association with second primary malignancies were studied using the nationwide Swedish Family Cancer Data Base.Materials and Methods: Cancer data obtained from the Swedish Cancer Registry from 1961 to 1998 included 1,733 cases of papillary renal cell carcinoma. The standardized incidence ratio was used to measure cancer risk.Results: Only 5 families were identified in which a parent had papillary renal cell carcinoma and an offspring had kidney cancer (nonsignificant SIR 1.51 for offspring). Discordant tumor sites associated with papillary renal cell carcinoma in the 2 generations were the upper aerodigestive tract and bladder (SIR 2.53, 95% CI 1.08 to 4.58 and 2.14, 95% CI 1.02 to 3.68, respectively). There was an overall increase in the risk of second primary malignancies of the lung, prostate and bladder and for nonHodgkin's lymphoma and leukemia in patients with papillary renal cell carcinoma. The risk for a second primary tumor of the bladder associated with papillary renal cell carcinoma during the followup of 1 to 10 years was about 15 times higher than that associated with adenocarcinoma, which is the most common histological type of kidney cancer. The SIR was significantly higher in females than in males (59.67, 95% CI 40.23 to 82.94 versus 18.76, 95% Cl 14.51 to 23.56).Conclusions: In addition to the familial association of these 2 cancer sites, the high risk of a second primary cancer of the bladder in patients with papillary renal cell carcinoma may reflect a common genetic alteration
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 12629341
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  • 8
    Keywords: CANCER ; MASK ; POPULATION ; RISK ; RISKS ; SITE ; SITES ; IN-SITU ; AGE ; WOMEN ; DNA-REPAIR ; MEN ; RATES ; CDKN2A ; MELANOMA ; SWEDEN ; DATABASE ; gene-environment interaction ; HEAD ; NECK ; SIR ; familial risk ; MALIGNANT-MELANOMA ; CUTANEOUS MELANOMA ; MELANOCYTIC NEVI ; head and neck ; germline mutations ; INCIDENCE RATES ; FAMILY-CANCER DATABASE ; CANCER DATABASE ; familial cancer ; heredity ; MELANOCORTIN-1 RECEPTOR MC1R ; parent-offspring risks ; RED HAIR ; sibling risks
    Abstract: We studied incidence trends, age-incidence relationships and familial risks in invasive and in situ cutaneous melanoma, based on the Swedish Family-Cancer Database of more than 10 million individuals. Offspring were 0-66 years of age. Cancers were obtained from the Swedish Cancer Registry from years 1961- 98. The study was based on 9,771 offspring and 22,888 parents with invasive melanoma and 2,446 offspring and 5,017 parents with in situ melanoma. Incidence rates increased markedly for invasive melanoma in the trunk. For in situ melanoma, trunk and head and neck were affected, and, in addition, legs for women. The maximal incidence was around age 80 years, independent of the type or site in men; in women early onset superficially spreading melanoma shifted the age for maximal incidence to about 60 years. For in situ melanoma, lentigo maligna was the main histogenetic type in the head and neck but in the trunk and legs superficially spreading melanoma was somewhat more common. Standardized incidence ratios (SIR) were calculated for familial risk at exposed and covered sites. The combined familial risks for invasive and in situ melanoma were higher at covered (SIR 3.56 from parents) than sun-exposed (1.92 from parents) sites and they agreed when familiality was defined between parents and offspring or between siblings; the sibling SIRs were 3.90 at covered and 2.53 at exposed sites. The data suggest that the higher melanoma density at exposed sites masks familial effects. Furthermore, sun exposure does not appear to reinforce the familial effect. (C) 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 12640685
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