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  • DNA sequence  (1)
  • Escherichia coli Proteins/*chemistry/*metabolism/ultrastructure  (1)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-6776
    Keywords: Bacillus licheniformis ; DNA sequence ; esterase ; lipase
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Abstract An esterase gene from the moderate thermophilic strain Bacillus licheniformis LCB40 was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. Comparison of the amino acid sequence of the esterase with those of known lipases and esterases showed the presence of the well-conserved Gly-X-Ser-X-Gly pentapeptide, with an alanine replacing the first glycine. This substitution has never been reported for an esterase but it is present in the lipases from Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus pumilus and Galactomyces candidum. The amino acid sequence showed similarities with lipases and with mammalian lecithin-cholesterol acyltranferases and no similarities with esterases. The enzyme activity of a crude extract from a recombinant Escherichia coli strain showed hydrolysis of p-nitrophenyl caprylate (pNPC8) as for esterases, but not of p-nitrophenyl palmitate (pNPC16) or olive oil such as for lipases. Thus, the enzyme displays the original property of associating the activity of an esterase with a primary sequence showing high similarity with lipases.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2016-02-26
    Description: Contractile tails are composed of an inner tube wrapped by an outer sheath assembled in an extended, metastable conformation that stores mechanical energy necessary for its contraction. Contraction is used to propel the rigid inner tube towards target cells for DNA or toxin delivery. Although recent studies have revealed the structure of the contractile sheath of the type VI secretion system, the mechanisms by which its polymerization is controlled and coordinated with the assembly of the inner tube remain unknown. Here we show that the starfish-like TssA dodecameric complex interacts with tube and sheath components. Fluorescence microscopy experiments in enteroaggregative Escherichia coli reveal that TssA binds first to the type VI secretion system membrane core complex and then initiates tail polymerization. TssA remains at the tip of the growing structure and incorporates new tube and sheath blocks. On the basis of these results, we propose that TssA primes and coordinates tail tube and sheath biogenesis.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Zoued, Abdelrahim -- Durand, Eric -- Brunet, Yannick R -- Spinelli, Silvia -- Douzi, Badreddine -- Guzzo, Mathilde -- Flaugnatti, Nicolas -- Legrand, Pierre -- Journet, Laure -- Fronzes, Remi -- Mignot, Tam -- Cambillau, Christian -- Cascales, Eric -- England -- Nature. 2016 Mar 3;531(7592):59-63. doi: 10.1038/nature17182. Epub 2016 Feb 24.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Laboratoire d'Ingenierie des Systemes Macromoleculaires, Institut de Microbiologie de la Mediterranee, CNRS UMR7255, Aix-Marseille Universite, 31 Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 Marseille Cedex 20, France. ; Architecture et Fonction des Macromolecules Biologiques, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, UMR 7257, Campus de Luminy, Case 932, 13288 Marseille Cedex 09, France. ; Architecture et Fonction des Macromolecules Biologiques, Aix-Marseille Universite, UMR 7257, Campus de Luminy, Case 932, 13288 Marseille Cedex 09, France. ; G5 Biologie structurale de la secretion bacterienne, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France. ; UMR 3528, CNRS, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France. ; Laboratoire de Chimie Bacterienne, Institut de Microbiologie de la Mediterranee, CNRS UMR7283, Aix-Marseille Universite, 31 Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 Marseille Cedex 20, France. ; Synchrotron Soleil, L'Orme des merisiers, Saint-Aubin BP48, 91192 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26909579" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Crystallography, X-Ray ; Escherichia coli/*chemistry/ultrastructure ; Escherichia coli Proteins/*chemistry/*metabolism/ultrastructure ; Microscopy, Electron ; Microscopy, Fluorescence ; Models, Molecular ; *Polymerization ; Protein Structure, Tertiary ; Type VI Secretion Systems/chemistry/metabolism/ultrastructure
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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