frustrated chain packing
Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The synthesis and characterization of aromatic polyesters containing various symmetrically di-substituted hydroquinone monomers is described. The homopolyesters made from these monomers and terephthalic acid (TA) did not melt. Copolyesters of TA with mono- and di-substituted hydroquinone formed liquid crystalline melts. Optical microscopy showed schlieren, marbled, and droplet textures characteristic of the nematic phase. DSC experiments were also in accord with mesophase formation as multiple transitions characteristic of first-order phase changes were found. In general, the crystal-nematic transition was about 300°C, whereas the nematic-isotropic change was over 400°C. All the polyesters were prone to decomposition near or above the isotropization temperature. © 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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