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  • Articles  (3)
  • Allergie  (1)
  • Death scene investigation  (1)
  • Hypoxia  (1)
  • 1
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  Kongress Medizin und Gesellschaft 2007; 20070917-20070921; Augsburg; DOC07gmds357 /20070906/
    Publication Date: 2007-09-07
    Keywords: Allergie ; Atopie ; Sensibilisierung ; Kinder ; Jugendliche ; Gesundheitssurvey ; ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1437-1596
    Keywords: SID ; SIDS ; Hyperthermia ; Swaddling ; Death scene investigation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine , Law
    Notes: Abstract To determine whether preterminal hyperthermia is significantly associated with sudden infant death (SID), 140 structured interviews with parents of SID victims were compared with questionnaires filled in by a control group of parents living in the same area. All SID autopsies were performed between 1986 and 1992 at the Institute of Legal Medicine of Hannover Medical School according to the same protocol. Signs of profuse sweating (i.e. moist head, damp clothing or bedding) were present at the scene of death in 35.7% of cases. SID victims with signs of profuse sweating were more frequently found under their bedding (p 〈 0.001), were older (178 vs. 130 days) and the time period between when they were last seen alive and when they were found dead was longer (6.5 vs. 4.5 hours p 〈 0.01) compared to cases without sweating. Sweat on the head [odds ratio (OR) = 1.9; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.0, 3.6], and sweaty clothing and bedding (OR = 17.9; 95% CI = 8.7; 37.1) showed a significant association with the risk for SID. The pathophysiological basis for hyperthermia in SID remains to be determined. Hyperthermia could result from infection, overinsulation from excessive clothing with high environmental temperatures, covering of the infant's head or immature central thermoregulatory centres. The influence on the fatal outcome and the role in the pathogenesis of these deaths requires further research.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1437-1596
    Keywords: Key words Sudden infant death syndrome ; Prone ; position ; Face-down position ; Hypoxia ; Death-scene investigation ; Head covering
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine , Law
    Notes: Abstract We examined the position of the body and head, and the covering of the head by bedding on discovery in cases of sudden infant death (SID) in Lower Saxony. Between 1.1.1986 and 31.12.1992 structured, questionnaire-based interviews were carried out with parents of 140 SID victims. Control data were taken from a population-based cross-sectional study on infant sleeping position performed by the German Health Office (BGA) in autumn 1991. Of the SID cases 86.4% were discovered in the prone position [odds ratio (OR) = 7.4, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 4.3, 12.7] and 41.4% were found with the head covered. These infants were significantly older than those where the head was uncovered (p 〈 0.001) and covering of the head showed a significant association with a risk of SID (OR = 20.8; 95% CI = 11.5–37.6). Of the SID cases 27.9% were discovered in the face-down position. These infants were significantly younger than the infants who were discovered with the head in a side or supine position (p 〈 0.001). This study confirms the increased risk of SID associated with the prone position and suggests that this association could be related to the development of hypoxaemia or hypercapnia. Together with other factors such as heat stress or an infection, hypoxaemia or hypercapnia could culminate in SID if the arousal from sleep and auto-resuscitation apparently fails.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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