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  • Colon carcinoma  (1)
  • Dendritic cells  (1)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0851
    Keywords: Colon carcinoma ; Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes ; Cytokines
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) were grown in the presence of interleukin-2 from 19 colon carcinoma specimens, including 1 primary lesion and 18 metastatic lesions. These cultures showed a median proliferation of 606-fold (range 13-fold to 28 000-fold) over 49 culture days (range 26–76 days). By phenotype, mature cultures were 69%–99% CD3+ (mean 93%) and contained mixed populations of CD4+ and CD8+ cells (CD4〉CD8 in 10 of 19 cultures). Fresh cryopreserved colon tumors were not lysed by autologous TIL in short-term51Cr-release assays, and were poorly lysed by lymphokine-activated killer cells. Ten TIL cultures were assayed for cytokine secretion in response to autologous and allogeneic tumors during a 6- to 24-h coincubation. Culture supernatants were tested by ELISA for the presence of granulocyte/macrophage-colony-stimulating factor, interferon γ, and tumor necrosis factor α. Of 10 TIL, 4 secreted at least two of these cytokines specifically in response to autologous and/or HLA-matched fresh allogeneic colon carcinomas, but not to melanomas or HLA-unmatched colon carcinomas. Cytokine secretion was mediated by both CD4+ and CD8+ TIL, and could be inhibited by mAb directed against the appropriate class of MHC antigen. These data provide evidence for specific, MHC-restricted immune recognition of human colon carcinomas by T lymphocytes.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1534-4681
    Keywords: Melanoma ; Dendritic cells ; Melanoma-associated antigens ; MART-1 ; Recombinant viral vectors ; Poxviruses ; CTL
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Background: Dendritic cells (DC) are potent professional antigen-presenting cells that can activate naive T lymphocytes and initiate cellular immune responses. As adjuvants, DC may be useful for enhancing immunogenicity and mediating tumor regression. Endogenous expression of antigen by DC could offer the potential advantage of allowing prolonged constitutive presentation of endogenously processed epitopes and exploitation of multiple restriction elements for the presentation of the same antigen. Methods: DC were prepared from the peripheral blood of HLA A*0201 patients with metastatic melanoma in the presence of IL-4 (1000 IU/mL) and GMCSF (1000 IU/mL). Recombinant vaccinia and fowlpox viruses encoding the hMART-1 gene were constructed and used to infect DC. The efficiency of infection and expression of the MART-1 antigen were assessed by immunohistochemistry and intracellular FACS analyses. Cytotoxic lymphocytes (CTL) were generated by the stimulation of CD8+ T cells, with DC expressing the recombinant gene. Reactivity of the CTL was determined at weeks 1 and 2 by the amount of IFN-γ released. Results: DC were infected with recombinant poxviruses and demonstrated specific melanoma antigen expression by immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, and intracellular FACS analysis. The expression by DC of MART-1 MAA after viral infection was sufficient to generate CD8+ T lymphocytes that recognized naturally processed epitopes on tumor cells in 10 of 11 patients. Conclusions: Human DC are receptive to infection by recombinant poxviruses encoding MAA genes and are capable of efficiently processing and presenting these MAA to cytotoxic T cells. The potential advantage of this approach is the ability to present specific antigen independent of the identification of the epitope or the MHC restriction element. This strategy may be useful for the identification of relevant epitopes for a diverse number of HLA alleles and for active immunization in patients.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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