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  • Magnetic resonance imaging  (2)
  • seawater electrolysis  (2)
  • Adult T cell leukemia  (1)
  • Dog  (1)
  • 1995-1999  (6)
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  • 1995-1999  (6)
Year
  • 1
    ISSN: 1572-8838
    Keywords: manganese oxide electrode ; oxygen evolution ; seawater electrolysis ; surface activation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology
    Notes: Abstract Utilizing the fact that the equilibrium potential of oxygen evolution is lower than that of chlorine evolution, oxygen evolution in seawater electrolysis was enhanced by decreasing the polarization potential under galvanostatic conditions through increasing the effective surface area of manganese oxide electrodes. Electrodes were prepared by a thermal decomposition method. IrO2-coated titanium (IrO2/Ti electrode) was used as the substrate on which manganese oxide was coated (MnOX/IrO2/Ti electrode). Subsequently, oxide mixtures of manganese and zinc were coated (MnOX–ZnO/MnOX/IrO2/Ti electrode). The effective surface area of the MnOX–ZnO/MnOX/IrO2/Ti electrodes was increased by selective dissolution of zinc (leaching) into hot 6M KOH. The oxygen evolution efficiency of the MnOX/IrO2/Ti electrode was 68–70%. Leaching of zinc from the MnOX–ZnO/MnOX/IrO2/Ti electrodes with 25mol% or less zinc led to a significant increase in the oxygen evolution efficiency. The maximum efficiency attained was 86% after leaching of zinc from the MnOX–25mol%ZnO/MnOX/IrO2/Ti electrode. However, large amounts of zinc addition, such as 40mol% or more are detrimental because of a decrease in the oxygen evolution efficiency. This is due to the formation of a double oxide, ZnMnO3, which is hardly dissolved in hot 6M KOH.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1572-8838
    Keywords: anodic deposition ; manganese-molybdenum oxide electrode ; oxygen evolution ; seawater electrolysis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology
    Notes: Abstract Manganese-molybdenum oxide electrodes were prepared by anodic deposition on an IrO2-coated titanium substrate at a constant current density of 600Am−2 from baths containing 0.2M MnSO4 and 0–0.1M Na2MoO4 at 90∘C and pH 0.5. These electrodes were characterised for oxygen evolution in the electrolysis at 1,000Am−2 in 0.5M NaCl solution at 30∘C and pH 8 or 12. The most active and stable oxygen evolving anode exhibited 100% efficiency for oxygen evolution, and an efficiency of 98.5% for over 1,500 h at pH 12 and of 96.5% for over 2,800 h at pH 8 of continuous electrolysis. X-ray diffraction measurement and XPS analysis indicated that the deposits consist of a nanocrystalline single γ-MnO2 type phase, and manganese and molybdenum in the deposits are in the Mn4+ and Mo6+ states. The electrochemical studies showed that the manganese-molybdenum oxide electrodes drastically reduced the electrocatalytic activity for chlorine evolution to the undetectable level, resulting in 100% efficiency for oxygen evolution, although the addition of molybdenum slightly increased the oxygen overpotential.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0533
    Keywords: Adult T cell leukemia ; HTLV-I ; Immunohistochemistry ; In situ polymerase chain reaction ; p53 protein
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract We report the pathological changes in skeletal muscle from a patient with acute adult T cell leukemia (ATL). HTLV-I provirus was detected in infiltrating cells using in situ polymerase chain reaction in frozen sections. Furthermore, aberrant expression of the p53 protein was observed in the infiltrating cells. As p53 protein was not observed in mononuclear inflammatory cells in patients with polymyositis, expression of the p53 protein was considered to be one of the characteristic findings in ATL cells. This is the first direct detection of ATL cells in skeletal muscle.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-1912
    Keywords: Key words A-2545 ; Ventricular arrhythmia ; Programmed electrical stimulation ; Mexiletine ; Flecainide ; Dog
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract We investigated effects of a new Na+ channel blocking antiarrhythmic drug, A-2545, N-3 (2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-3-pyrroline-3-carboxamido)-propyl-phthalimide-hydrochloride, on various canine ventricular automaticity arrhythmias induced by two-stage coronary ligation, digitalis and adrenaline, and compared them with those of mexiletine. A-2545 showed antiarrhythmic effects, significantly decreasing the arrhythmic ratio of 24-h and 48-h coronary ligation-, digitalis- and adrenaline-induced automaticity arrhythmias. The antiarrhythmic plasma concentrations (IC50) of A-2545, 2 mg kg–1 10 min–1, i.v., for 24-h and 48-h coronary ligation-, digitalis- and adrenaline-induced arrhythmias were 1.8, 1.3, 5.8 and 3.7 µg ml–1, respectively, and that calculated for oral A-2545 (25 mg kg–1) in 24-h coronary ligation-induced arrhythmia was 1.8 µg ml–1. A-2545 is specifically potent in suppressing coronary ligation-induced arrhythmias, i.e., decreasing the arrhythmic ratio nearly to zero by oral administration, and among the intravenously given experiments A-2545 was effective at lower concentrations than other arrhythmia models; A-2545, 2 mg kg–1 10 min–1, was equipotent to 5 mg kg–1 10 min–1 mexiletine in suppressing 24-h coronary ligation-induced arrhythmia, indicating that A-2545 is more potent than mexiletine. In order to determine whether A-2545 has arrhythmogenic effects, we used programmed electrical stimulation (PES)-induced reentry arrhythmias in dogs with old myocardial infarction and compared effects of A-2545 and flecainide. A-2545, 2 and 5 mg kg–1 10 min–1, significantly suppressed the PES-induced arrhythmias in all six dogs without aggravating them. These arrhythmias were not markedly suppressed by flecainide either with 1 or 3 mg kg–1 10 min–1; moreover even in one out of six dogs aggravation of arrhythmia was noted after 1 mg kg–1 10 min–1. In conclusion, A-2545 suppressed various canine ventricular arrhythmias, and the antiarrhythmic effect of A-2545 was more potent than that of mexiletine, and A-2545 did not show arrhythmogenic effects compared to flecainide.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-1920
    Keywords: Cervical chordoma ; Magnetic resonance imaging ; Computed tomography
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract We report CT and MRI findings of an unusual cervical chordoma. CT showed only minimal bony destruction with a lobulated prevertebral mass. Sagittal MRI, however, clearly demonstrated a lesion involving the body of C2 extending prevertebrally and into the spinal canal.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-1920
    Keywords: Key words Cervical chordoma ; Magnetic resonance imaging ; Computed tomography
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract We report CT and MRI findings of an unusual cervical chordoma. CT showed only minimal bony destruction with a lobulated prevertebral mass. Sagittal MRI, however, clearly demonstrated a lesion involving the body of C2 extending prevertebrally and into the spinal canal.
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