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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1041
    Keywords: trazodone ; imipramine ; anticholinergic effects ; ECG ; antidepressants
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary The electrocardiographic and anticholinergic effects of trazodone (150 mg) and imipramine (75 mg) were investigated in 8 healthy volunteers. Both agents increased the QTc interval and decreased T wave height, but the effects occurred earlier with trazodone (from 30 min onwards) than with imipramine (150 and 180 min after dosing). Both drugs decreased heart rate, imipramine at 30 and 60 min and trazodone at 90 min. After 120 min, heart rate began to increase with imipramine an effect which was not seen with trazodone. Salivary volume was significantly decreased by imipramine at 120 and 180 min whereas trazodone did not influence salivary volume. Plasma levels of trazodone and imipramine were significantly related to the decrease in T wave amplitude. The increase in QTc interval correlated significantly with the plasma level of imipramine. These results suggest that trazodone, like the tricyclic antidepressants prolongs ventricular repolarization; but, in contrast to imipramine, it does not have anticholinergic activity.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-1041
    Keywords: Propranolol ; optical isomers
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Late plasma half-lives of dextro and racemic propranolol were measured in seven adult male subjects after 100 mg taken orally. Mean plasma half-lives of 2.38±0.43 and 2.93±0.63 h were obtained for dextro and racemic preparations respectively. In five of these subjects plasma half-lives after 50 mg dextro and laevo isomers were 2.02±0.53 and 3.20±0.42 h. No difference was found in the rates of absorption of the two isomers It is concluded that these results reflect either differences in distribution or a slower rate of metabolism of the laevo isomer.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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