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  • ATP4−  (1)
  • Chemistry  (1)
  • Eccentric contractions  (1)
  • 1985-1989  (3)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1424
    Keywords: K+ channel ; ATP ; ATP4− ; ADP3− ; RINm5F cell
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Summary The31P-NMR technique has been used to assess the intracellular ratios and concentrations of mobile ATP and ADP and the intracellular pH in an insulin-secreting cell line, RINm5F. The single-channel current-recording technique has been used to investigate the effects of changes in the concentrations of ATP and ADP on the gating of nucleotide-dependent K+ channels. Adding ATP to the membrane inside closes these channels. However, in the continued presence of ATP adding ADP invariably leads to the reactivation of ATP-inhibited K+ channels, even at ATP4−/ADP3− concentration ratios greater than 7∶1. Interactions between ATP4− and ADP3− seem competitive. An increase in the concentration ratio ATP4−/ADP3− consistently evoked a decrease in the open-state probability of K+ channels; conversely a decrease in ATP4−/ADP3− increased the frequency of K+ channel opening events. Channel gating was also influenced by changes in the absolute concentrations of ATP4− and ADP3−, at constant free concentration ratios. ADP-evoked stimulation of ATP-inhibited channels did not result from phosphorylation of the channel, as ADP-β-S, a nonhydrolyzable analog of ADP, not only stimulated but enhanced ADP-induced activation of K+ channels, in the presence of ATP. Similarly, ADP was able to activate K+ channels in the presence of two nonhydrolyzable derivatives of ATP, AMP-PNP and βγmethylene ATP.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1439-6327
    Keywords: Eccentric contractions ; Muscle damage ; Muscle pain ; Radioisotope uptake
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary We have studied the occurrence of skeletal muscle uptake of 99mtechnetium pyrophosphate (Tc-PYP), creatine kinase (CK) release and muscle pain in normal subjects after exercise. Five subjects stepped on and off a high bench in such a way that one leg stepped up and the other down. Pain only developed in the muscles used for descending: quadriceps, adductors and gluteal muscles of one leg and the calf muscle of the other. A large rise in plasma CK occurred in four subjects but no increased Tc-PYP muscle uptake was seen in the quadriceps. In the four subjects with high CK effluxes, increased isotope uptake was seen in the thigh adductors used when stepping down; in the two subjects with the largest CK effluxes there was extensive uptake into the gluteal muscles. Muscle pain preceded and was not well correlated with either the magnitude of the enzyme release or the amount and distribution of increased muscle isotope uptake. We conclude that delayed onset muscle pain, the cause of which remains unknown, is a poor indicator of muscle damage as indicated by circulating muscle enzymes and muscle isotope uptake. Tc-PYP uptake by skeletal muscle can provide useful information about the localisation and time course of muscle damage.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Chichester : Wiley-Blackwell
    Biological Mass Spectrometry 17 (1988), S. 241-244 
    ISSN: 1052-9306
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The use of fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry has been demonstrated for the qualitative analysis of mixtures of dansylated amines and compared with high-performance liquid chromatography for the quantification of some individual amines from meat products.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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