Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    Keywords: CANCER ; tumor ; CELL ; MODEL ; POPULATION ; RISK ; RISKS ; DISTINCT ; GENES ; SAMPLE ; TUMORS ; FAMILY ; primary ; BIOLOGY ; ASSOCIATION ; polymorphism ; POLYMORPHISMS ; BREAST ; breast cancer ; BREAST-CANCER ; DIFFERENCE ; MUTATION ; genetics ; cancer risk ; MUTATIONS ; HIGH-RISK ; heredity ; CLUSTER ; RE ; BRCA2 ; FAMILIES ; PENETRANCE ; SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE POLYMORPHISMS ; SNPs ; ALLELES ; TECHNOLOGY ; BRCA1 MUTATION CARRIERS ; USA ; CANCER-RISK ; ENGLAND ; GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION ; PROPHYLACTIC OOPHORECTOMY ; CONSORTIUM ; FGFR2 ; INVESTIGATORS ; MODIFIERS ; NUCLEOTIDE
    Abstract: Germline mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 confer high risks of breast cancer. However, evidence suggests that these risks are modified by other genetic or environmental factors that cluster in families. A recent genome-wide association study has shown that common alleles at single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in FGFR2 (rs2981582), TNRC9 (rs3803662), and MAP3K1 (rs889312) are associated with increased breast cancer risks in the general population. To investigate whether these loci are also associated with breast cancer risk in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers, we genotyped these SNPs in a sample of 10,358 mutation carriers from 23 studies. The minor alleles of SNP rs2981582 and rs889312 were each associated with increased breast cancer risk in BRCA2 mutation carriers (per-allele hazard ratio [HR] = 1.32, 95% CI: 1.20-1.45, p(trend) = 1.7 x 10(-8) and HR = 1.12, 95% CI: 1.02-1.24, P-trend = 0.02) but not in BRCA1 carriers. rs3803662 was associated with increased breast cancer risk in both BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers (per-allele HR = 1.13, 95% CI: 1.06-1.20, P-trend = 5 x 10(-5) in BRCA1 and BRCA2 combined). These loci appear to interact multiplicatively on breast cancer risk in BRCA2 mutation carriers. The differences in the effects of the FGFR2 and MAP3K1 SNPs between BRCA1 and BRCA2 carriers point to differences in the biology of BRCA1 and BRCA2 breast cancer tumors and confirm the distinct nature of breast cancer in BRCA1 mutation carriers
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 18355772
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Keywords: CANCER ; CELLS ; RISK ; TUMORS ; FAMILY ; BIOLOGY ; SUSCEPTIBILITY ; BREAST ; BREAST-CANCER ; STEM-CELLS ; MULTIPLE-MYELOMA ; MAMMARY-GLAND ; MUTATION CARRIERS ; ADHERENS JUNCTIONS ; EPITHELIUM ; MISSENSE MUTATIONS ; genetic variation ; MITOTIC SPINDLE ; BRCA1-DEPENDENT UBIQUITINATION ; CENTROSOMAL MICROTUBULE NUCLEATION ; PROGENITOR-CELL FATE
    Abstract: Differentiated mammary epithelium shows apicobasal polarity, and loss of tissue organization is an early hallmark of breast carcinogenesis. In BRCA1 mutation carriers, accumulation of stem and progenitor cells in normal breast tissue and increased risk of developing tumors of basal-like type suggest that BRCA1 regulates stem/progenitor cell proliferation and differentiation. However, the function of BRCA1 in this process and its link to carcinogenesis remain unknown. Here we depict a molecular mechanism involving BRCA1 and RHAMM that regulates apicobasal polarity and, when perturbed, may increase risk of breast cancer. Starting from complementary genetic analyses across families and populations, we identified common genetic variation at the low-penetrance susceptibility HMMR locus (encoding for RHAMM) that modifies breast cancer risk among BRCA1, but probably not BRCA2, mutation carriers: n = 7,584, weighted hazard ratio ((w)HR) = 1.09 (95% CI 1.02-1.16), p(trend) = 0.017; and n = 3,965, (w)HR = 1.04 (95% CI 0.94-1.16), p(trend) = 0.43; respectively. Subsequently, studies of MCF10A apicobasal polarization revealed a central role for BRCA1 and RHAMM, together with AURKA and TPX2, in essential reorganization of microtubules. Mechanistically, reorganization is facilitated by BRCA1 and impaired by AURKA, which is regulated by negative feedback involving RHAMM and TPX2. Taken together, our data provide fundamental insight into apicobasal polarization through BRCA1 function, which may explain the expanded cell subsets and characteristic tumor type accompanying BRCA1 mutation, while also linking this process to sporadic breast cancer through perturbation of HMMR/RHAMM.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 22110403
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Keywords: RECEPTOR ; EXPRESSION ; PROTEINS ; FAMILY ; NEOPLASIA ; insulin ; GROWTH-FACTOR-I ; GENETIC-VARIATION ; IGF ; AMINO-ACID POLYMORPHISM
    Abstract: BACKGROUND: We previously reported significant associations between genetic variants in insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1) and breast cancer risk in women carrying BRCA1 mutations. The objectives of this study were to investigate whether the IRS1 variants modified ovarian cancer risk and were associated with breast cancer risk in a larger cohort of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers. METHODS: IRS1 rs1801123, rs1330645, and rs1801278 were genotyped in samples from 36 centers in the Consortium of Investigators of Modifiers of BRCA1/2 (CIMBA). Data were analyzed by a retrospective cohort approach modeling the associations with breast and ovarian cancer risks simultaneously. Analyses were stratified by BRCA1 and BRCA2 status and mutation class in BRCA1 carriers. RESULTS: Rs1801278 (Gly972Arg) was associated with ovarian cancer risk for both BRCA1 (HR, 1.43; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.06-1.92; P = 0.019) and BRCA2 mutation carriers (HR, 2.21; 95% CI, 1.39-3.52, P = 0.0008). For BRCA1 mutation carriers, the breast cancer risk was higher in carriers with class II mutations than class I mutations (class II HR, 1.86; 95% CI, 1.28-2.70; class I HR, 0.86; 95%CI, 0.69-1.09; P(difference), 0.0006). Rs13306465 was associated with ovarian cancer risk in BRCA1 class II mutation carriers (HR, 2.42; P = 0.03). CONCLUSION: The IRS1 Gly972Arg single-nucleotide polymorphism, which affects insulin-like growth factor and insulin signaling, modifies ovarian cancer risk in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers and breast cancer risk in BRCA1 class II mutation carriers. Impact: These findings may prove useful for risk prediction for breast and ovarian cancers in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; 21(8); 1362-70. (c)2012 AACR.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 22729394
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Keywords: COHORT ; RISK ; FAMILY ; polymorphism ; BRCA1 ; MUTATIONS ; cYP17 ; breast cancer risk ; BRCA01/BRCA2 mutations ; CYP17 GENETIC-POLYMORPHISM ; Ovarian cancer risk ; Penetrance modifier
    Abstract: Exposure to estrogen has a major effect on breast cancer risk. A polymorphism (-34 T 〉 C; rs743572) in the cytochrome P450c17alpha gene (CYP17A1) encoding an enzyme which controls estrogen levels was reportedly associated with breast cancer risk in average risk populations. The effect of this polymorphism on breast or ovarian cancer risk for BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers has not been thoroughly investigated. With this aim, 2,221 BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers (1,313 with breast cancer, 279 with ovarian cancer, and 695 asymptomatic carriers), with either BRCA1 (n = 1693) or BRCA2 (n = 528) germline mutations from seven centers were genotyped for the -34 T 〉 C CYP17 polymorphism. Genotyping was accomplished using Taqman allelic discrimination, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) or PCR-based restriction-fragment length polymorphism analysis, and limited sequencing. Data were analyzed using Cox proportional hazards models. The hazard ratios (HRs) for breast cancer was 1.02 (95% CI 0.89-1.17, p = 0.74) and 1.10 (95% CI 0.72-1.67, p = 0.66) for BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers, respectively. The HRs for ovarian cancer were 1.17 (0.94-1.46, p = 0.17) and 0.91 (0.31-2.67, p = 0.86) for BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers, respectively. Results remained unaltered when the Israeli cohort (primarily Ashkenazim) was evaluated separately. In conclusion, there was no overall evidence for an association of the -34 T 〉 C CYP17 polymorphism with either breast or ovarian cancer risk in BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation carriers.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 20798986
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...