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    Publication Date: 2012-06-08
    Description: The intestinal microflora, typically equated with bacteria, influences diseases such as obesity and inflammatory bowel disease. Here, we show that the mammalian gut contains a rich fungal community that interacts with the immune system through the innate immune receptor Dectin-1. Mice lacking Dectin-1 exhibited increased susceptibility to chemically induced colitis, which was the result of altered responses to indigenous fungi. In humans, we identified a polymorphism in the gene for Dectin-1 (CLEC7A) that is strongly linked to a severe form of ulcerative colitis. Together, our findings reveal a eukaryotic fungal community in the gut (the "mycobiome") that coexists with bacteria and substantially expands the repertoire of organisms interacting with the intestinal immune system to influence health and disease.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3432565/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3432565/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Iliev, Iliyan D -- Funari, Vincent A -- Taylor, Kent D -- Nguyen, Quoclinh -- Reyes, Christopher N -- Strom, Samuel P -- Brown, Jordan -- Becker, Courtney A -- Fleshner, Phillip R -- Dubinsky, Marla -- Rotter, Jerome I -- Wang, Hanlin L -- McGovern, Dermot P B -- Brown, Gordon D -- Underhill, David M -- 086558/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- AI071116/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- P01-DK046763/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01 DK093426/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- UL1 RR033176/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/ -- UL1 TR000124/TR/NCATS NIH HHS/ -- UL1RR033176/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/ -- Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2012 Jun 8;336(6086):1314-7. doi: 10.1126/science.1221789. Epub 2012 Jun 6.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Inflammatory Bowel and Immunobiology Research Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22674328" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Antibodies, Fungal/blood ; Candida tropicalis/immunology/isolation & purification/pathogenicity/physiology ; Colitis, Ulcerative/chemically induced/*immunology/*microbiology ; Colon/immunology/*microbiology ; Colony Count, Microbial ; Dextran Sulfate ; Disease Susceptibility ; Female ; Fungi/classification/*immunology/isolation & purification/*physiology ; Haplotypes ; Humans ; Immunity, Innate ; Immunity, Mucosal ; Intestinal Mucosa/immunology/*microbiology ; Intestines/immunology/microbiology ; Lectins, C-Type/deficiency/*genetics/*metabolism ; Metagenome ; Mice ; Mice, Inbred C57BL ; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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