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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2015-05-29
    Description: Patients with high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSC) have experienced little improvement in overall survival, and standard treatment has not advanced beyond platinum-based combination chemotherapy, during the past 30 years. To understand the drivers of clinical phenotypes better, here we use whole-genome sequencing of tumour and germline DNA samples from 92 patients with primary refractory, resistant, sensitive and matched acquired resistant disease. We show that gene breakage commonly inactivates the tumour suppressors RB1, NF1, RAD51B and PTEN in HGSC, and contributes to acquired chemotherapy resistance. CCNE1 amplification was common in primary resistant and refractory disease. We observed several molecular events associated with acquired resistance, including multiple independent reversions of germline BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations in individual patients, loss of BRCA1 promoter methylation, an alteration in molecular subtype, and recurrent promoter fusion associated with overexpression of the drug efflux pump MDR1.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Patch, Ann-Marie -- Christie, Elizabeth L -- Etemadmoghadam, Dariush -- Garsed, Dale W -- George, Joshy -- Fereday, Sian -- Nones, Katia -- Cowin, Prue -- Alsop, Kathryn -- Bailey, Peter J -- Kassahn, Karin S -- Newell, Felicity -- Quinn, Michael C J -- Kazakoff, Stephen -- Quek, Kelly -- Wilhelm-Benartzi, Charlotte -- Curry, Ed -- Leong, Huei San -- Australian Ovarian Cancer Study Group -- Hamilton, Anne -- Mileshkin, Linda -- Au-Yeung, George -- Kennedy, Catherine -- Hung, Jillian -- Chiew, Yoke-Eng -- Harnett, Paul -- Friedlander, Michael -- Quinn, Michael -- Pyman, Jan -- Cordner, Stephen -- O'Brien, Patricia -- Leditschke, Jodie -- Young, Greg -- Strachan, Kate -- Waring, Paul -- Azar, Walid -- Mitchell, Chris -- Traficante, Nadia -- Hendley, Joy -- Thorne, Heather -- Shackleton, Mark -- Miller, David K -- Arnau, Gisela Mir -- Tothill, Richard W -- Holloway, Timothy P -- Semple, Timothy -- Harliwong, Ivon -- Nourse, Craig -- Nourbakhsh, Ehsan -- Manning, Suzanne -- Idrisoglu, Senel -- Bruxner, Timothy J C -- Christ, Angelika N -- Poudel, Barsha -- Holmes, Oliver -- Anderson, Matthew -- Leonard, Conrad -- Lonie, Andrew -- Hall, Nathan -- Wood, Scott -- Taylor, Darrin F -- Xu, Qinying -- Fink, J Lynn -- Waddell, Nick -- Drapkin, Ronny -- Stronach, Euan -- Gabra, Hani -- Brown, Robert -- Jewell, Andrea -- Nagaraj, Shivashankar H -- Markham, Emma -- Wilson, Peter J -- Ellul, Jason -- McNally, Orla -- Doyle, Maria A -- Vedururu, Ravikiran -- Stewart, Collin -- Lengyel, Ernst -- Pearson, John V -- Waddell, Nicola -- deFazio, Anna -- Grimmond, Sean M -- Bowtell, David D L -- 13086/Cancer Research UK/United Kingdom -- England -- Nature. 2015 May 28;521(7553):489-94. doi: 10.1038/nature14410.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉1] Queensland Centre for Medical Genomics, Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4067, Australia [2] QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, Queensland 4006, Australia. ; Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, East Melbourne, Victoria 3002, Australia. ; 1] Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, East Melbourne, Victoria 3002, Australia [2] Department of Pathology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia [3] Sir Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre Department of Oncology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia. ; The Jackson Laboratory for Genomic Medicine, Farmington, Connecticut 06030, USA. ; 1] Queensland Centre for Medical Genomics, Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4067, Australia [2] WolfsonWohl Cancer Research Centre, Institute of Cancer Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G61 1QH, UK. ; 1] Queensland Centre for Medical Genomics, Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4067, Australia [2] Technology Advancement Unit, Genetics and Molecular Pathology, SA Pathology, Adelaide, South Australia 5000, Australia. ; Queensland Centre for Medical Genomics, Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4067, Australia. ; Ovarian Cancer Action Research Centre, Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, London W12 0HS, UK. ; 1] Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, East Melbourne, Victoria 3002, Australia [2] Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia [3] The Royal Women's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia. ; 1] Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, East Melbourne, Victoria 3002, Australia [2] Sir Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre Department of Oncology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia. ; Centre for Cancer Research, University of Sydney at Westmead Millennium Institute, and Department of Gynaecological Oncology, Westmead Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales 2145, Australia. ; Crown Princess Mary Cancer Centre and University of Sydney at Westmead Hospital, Westmead, Sydney, New South Wales 2145, Australia. ; Prince of Wales Clinical School, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2031, Australia. ; The Royal Women's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia. ; Victorian Institute of Forensic Medicine, Southbank, Victoria 3006, Australia. ; Department of Pathology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia. ; Victorian Life Sciences Computation Initiative, Carlton, Victoria 3053, Australia. ; La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, Bundoora, Victoria 3083, Australia. ; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02115-5450, USA. ; University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA. ; The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia 6009, Australia. ; 1] Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, East Melbourne, Victoria 3002, Australia [2] Department of Pathology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia [3] Sir Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre Department of Oncology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia [4] Ovarian Cancer Action Research Centre, Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, London W12 0HS, UK [5] Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26017449" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Cohort Studies ; Cyclin E/genetics ; Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous/drug therapy/genetics ; DNA Methylation ; DNA Mutational Analysis ; DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics ; Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/*drug effects/*genetics ; Female ; Genes, BRCA1 ; Genes, BRCA2 ; Genes, Neurofibromatosis 1 ; Genome, Human/*genetics ; Germ-Line Mutation/genetics ; Humans ; Mutagenesis/genetics ; Oncogene Proteins/genetics ; Ovarian Neoplasms/drug therapy/*genetics ; P-Glycoprotein/genetics ; PTEN Phosphohydrolase/genetics ; Promoter Regions, Genetic/genetics ; Retinoblastoma Protein/genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2011-10-29
    Description: Cytotoxic chemotherapy targets elements common to all nucleated human cells, such as DNA and microtubules, yet it selectively kills tumor cells. Here we show that clinical response to these drugs correlates with, and may be partially governed by, the pretreatment proximity of tumor cell mitochondria to the apoptotic threshold, a property called mitochondrial priming. We used BH3 profiling to measure priming in tumor cells from patients with multiple myeloma, acute myelogenous and lymphoblastic leukemia, and ovarian cancer. This assay measures mitochondrial response to peptides derived from proapoptotic BH3 domains of proteins critical for death signaling to mitochondria. Patients with highly primed cancers exhibited superior clinical response to chemotherapy. In contrast, chemoresistant cancers and normal tissues were poorly primed. Manipulation of mitochondrial priming might enhance the efficacy of cytotoxic agents.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3280949/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3280949/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Ni Chonghaile, Triona -- Sarosiek, Kristopher A -- Vo, Thanh-Trang -- Ryan, Jeremy A -- Tammareddi, Anupama -- Moore, Victoria Del Gaizo -- Deng, Jing -- Anderson, Kenneth C -- Richardson, Paul -- Tai, Yu-Tzu -- Mitsiades, Constantine S -- Matulonis, Ursula A -- Drapkin, Ronny -- Stone, Richard -- Deangelo, Daniel J -- McConkey, David J -- Sallan, Stephen E -- Silverman, Lewis -- Hirsch, Michelle S -- Carrasco, Daniel Ruben -- Letai, Anthony -- P01CA068484/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P01CA139980/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA129974/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA129974-05/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01CA129974/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2011 Nov 25;334(6059):1129-33. doi: 10.1126/science.1206727. Epub 2011 Oct 27.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, 450 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22033517" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adult ; Aged ; Animals ; Antineoplastic Agents/*therapeutic use ; *Apoptosis ; Cell Line, Tumor ; Cell Proliferation ; Child ; Disease-Free Survival ; Drug Resistance, Neoplasm ; Female ; Humans ; Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy/physiopathology ; Male ; Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial ; Mice ; Mice, Inbred C57BL ; Middle Aged ; Mitochondria/*physiology ; Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy/physiopathology ; Neoplasms/*drug therapy/*physiopathology ; Ovarian Neoplasms/drug therapy/physiopathology ; Peptide Fragments/metabolism ; Permeability ; Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy/physiopathology ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/chemistry/metabolism ; Remission Induction ; Signal Transduction
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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