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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2011-03-15
    Description: Genomic analysis provides insights into the role of copy number variation in disease, but most methods are not designed to resolve mixed populations of cells. In tumours, where genetic heterogeneity is common, very important information may be lost that would be useful for reconstructing evolutionary history. Here we show that with flow-sorted nuclei, whole genome amplification and next generation sequencing we can accurately quantify genomic copy number within an individual nucleus. We apply single-nucleus sequencing to investigate tumour population structure and evolution in two human breast cancer cases. Analysis of 100 single cells from a polygenomic tumour revealed three distinct clonal subpopulations that probably represent sequential clonal expansions. Additional analysis of 100 single cells from a monogenomic primary tumour and its liver metastasis indicated that a single clonal expansion formed the primary tumour and seeded the metastasis. In both primary tumours, we also identified an unexpectedly abundant subpopulation of genetically diverse 'pseudodiploid' cells that do not travel to the metastatic site. In contrast to gradual models of tumour progression, our data indicate that tumours grow by punctuated clonal expansions with few persistent intermediates.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4504184/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4504184/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Navin, Nicholas -- Kendall, Jude -- Troge, Jennifer -- Andrews, Peter -- Rodgers, Linda -- McIndoo, Jeanne -- Cook, Kerry -- Stepansky, Asya -- Levy, Dan -- Esposito, Diane -- Muthuswamy, Lakshmi -- Krasnitz, Alex -- McCombie, W Richard -- Hicks, James -- Wigler, Michael -- T32 CA009176/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2011 Apr 7;472(7341):90-4. doi: 10.1038/nature09807. Epub 2011 Mar 13.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, New York 11724, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21399628" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis/*genetics/*pathology ; Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/diagnosis/genetics/pathology ; Chromosome Breakpoints ; Clone Cells/cytology ; Diploidy ; Disease Progression ; *Evolution, Molecular ; Female ; Flow Cytometry ; Genetic Heterogeneity ; Genome, Human/genetics ; Genomics ; Humans ; Liver Neoplasms/genetics/secondary ; Loss of Heterozygosity ; Sequence Analysis, DNA/*methods ; Single-Cell Analysis/*methods
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2012-06-23
    Description: Tumour suppressor genes encode a broad class of molecules whose mutational attenuation contributes to malignant progression. In the canonical situation, the tumour suppressor is completely inactivated through a two-hit process involving a point mutation in one allele and chromosomal deletion of the other. Here, to identify tumour suppressor genes in lymphoma, we screen a short hairpin RNA library targeting genes deleted in human lymphomas. We functionally identify those genes whose suppression promotes tumorigenesis in a mouse lymphoma model. Of the nine tumour suppressors we identified, eight correspond to genes occurring in three physically linked 'clusters', suggesting that the common occurrence of large chromosomal deletions in human tumours reflects selective pressure to attenuate multiple genes. Among the new tumour suppressors are adenosylmethionine decarboxylase 1 (AMD1) and eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A (eIF5A), two genes associated with hypusine, a unique amino acid produced as a product of polyamine metabolism through a highly conserved pathway. Through a secondary screen surveying the impact of all polyamine enzymes on tumorigenesis, we establish the polyamine-hypusine axis as a new tumour suppressor network regulating apoptosis. Unexpectedly, heterozygous deletions encompassing AMD1 and eIF5A often occur together in human lymphomas and co-suppression of both genes promotes lymphomagenesis in mice. Thus, some tumour suppressor functions can be disabled through a two-step process targeting different genes acting in the same pathway.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3530829/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3530829/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Scuoppo, Claudio -- Miething, Cornelius -- Lindqvist, Lisa -- Reyes, Jose -- Ruse, Cristian -- Appelmann, Iris -- Yoon, Seungtai -- Krasnitz, Alexander -- Teruya-Feldstein, Julie -- Pappin, Darryl -- Pelletier, Jerry -- Lowe, Scott W -- CA087497/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- CA148532/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- MOP-106530/Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Canada -- P01 CA013106/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P01 CA087497/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2012 Jul 12;487(7406):244-8. doi: 10.1038/nature11126.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Watson School of Biological Sciences, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, New York 11724, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22722845" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Cell Line, Tumor ; Disease Models, Animal ; Female ; Gene Deletion ; Gene Regulatory Networks ; Genetic Testing ; Humans ; Lymphoma, B-Cell/*genetics/physiopathology ; Lysine/*analogs & derivatives/chemistry ; Mice ; Mice, Inbred C57BL ; Polyamines/*chemistry ; RNA, Small Interfering/genetics/metabolism ; Reproducibility of Results ; Tumor Suppressor Proteins/*genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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