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  • 1
    Keywords: GENE-EXPRESSION ; GROWTH-FACTOR RECEPTOR ; COMPARATIVE GENOMIC HYBRIDIZATION ; DNA-SEQUENCE ; BRAIN-TUMORS ; HUMAN GLIOMAS ; ADJUVANT TEMOZOLOMIDE ; IDH2 MUTATIONS ; CELL INFILTRATION ; TYPICAL SURVIVORS
    Abstract: Glioblastoma (GBM) is a devastating tumor and few patients survive beyond 3 years. Defining the molecular determinants underlying long-term survival is essential for insights into tumor biology and biomarker identification. We therefore investigated homogeneously treated, IDH (wt) long-term (LTS, n = 10) and short-term survivors (STS, n = 6) by microarray transcription profiling. While there was no association of clinical parameters and molecular subtypes with long-term survival, STS tumors were characterized by differential polarization of infiltrating microglia with predominance of the M2 phenotype detectable both on the mRNA and protein level. Furthermore, transcriptional signatures of LTS and STS predicted patient outcome in a large, IDH (wt) cohort (n = 468). Interrogation of overlapping genomic alterations identified concurrent gain of chromosomes 19 and 20 as a favorable prognostic marker. The strong association of this co-gain with survival was validated by aCGH in a second, independent cohort (n = 124). Finally, FISH and gene expression data revealed gains to constitute low-amplitude, clonal events with a strong impact on transcription. In conclusion, these findings provide important insights into the manipulation of the innate immune system by particularly aggressive GBM tumors. Furthermore, we genomically characterize a previously unknown, clinically relevant subgroup of glioblastoma, which can easily be identified through modern neuropathological workup.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 25931051
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  • 2
    Keywords: CANCER ; EXPRESSION ; INVASION ; SURVIVAL ; GROWTH-FACTOR RECEPTOR ; GLIOMAS ; HUMAN BRAIN-TUMORS ; IDH1 ; TENASCIN-C ; TUMOR-ASSOCIATED AUTOANTIBODIES
    Abstract: Liquid biopsies come of age offering unexploited potential to monitor and react to tumor evolution. We developed a cost-effective assay to non-invasively determine the immune status of glioblastoma (GBM) patients. Employing newly developed printed peptide microarrays we assessed the B-cell response against tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) in 214 patients. Firstly, sera of long-term (36+ months, LTS, n=10) and short-term (6-10 months, STS, n=14) surviving patients were screened for prognostic antibodies against 1745 13-mer peptides covering known TAAs (TNC, EGFR, GLEA2, PHF3, FABP5, MAGEA3). Next, survival associations were investigated in two retrospective independent multicenter validation sets (n=61, n=129, all IDH1-wildtype). Reliability of measurements was tested using a second array technology (spotted arrays). LTS/STS screening analyses identified 106 differential antibody responses. Evaluating the Top30 peptides in validation set 1 revealed three prognostic peptides. Prediction of TNC peptide VCEDGFTGPDCAE was confirmed in a second set (p=0.043, HR=0.66 [0.44-0.99]) and was unrelated to TNC protein expression. Median signals of printed arrays correlated with pre-synthesized spotted microarrays (p〈0.0002, R=0.33). Multiple survival analysis revealed independence of age, gender, KPI and MGMT status. We present a novel peptide microarray immune assay that identified increased anti-TNC VCEDGFTGPDCAE serum antibody titer as a promising non-invasive biomarker for prolonged survival.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 25944688
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