Galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase gene
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Classical galactosaemia caused by deficiency of galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALT) is characterized by acute symptoms of hepatocellular dysfunction, sepsis, cataracts and failure to thrive. Galactose limitation reverses these complications immediately, however, most of these children have a long-term complication of verbal dyspraxia, mental retardation and ovarian failure. The GALT gene was cloned and several mutations including the common Q188R have been reported. In this study the coding region of GALT was amplified by polymerase chain reaction from genomic DNA of classical galactosaemic individuals and characterized by direct sequencing of the products. Three missense mutations were identified in three patients with a mild galactosaemic variant: (1) replacement of threonine-138 by methionine (T138M); (2) replacement of arginine by tryptophan (R259W); and (3) replacement of threonine by alanine (T350A). All three galactosaemic individuals, one girl and two boys, have varying degrees of residual GALT activity in RBC and their galactose-1-phosphate levels decreased much faster than in other galactosaemic patients. These misense mutations occur in regions that are not highly conserved domains. Conclusion The study of the molecular basis related to the phenotype variation may indeed help to prognosticate the outcome of patients with classical galactosaemia.
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