Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary The distribution of gelsolin, a calcium-dependent actin-severing and capping protein, in the retina of the developing and adult rabbit was studied. Gelsolin immunoreactivity was found in the photoreceptors and ganglion cells, where it may have a role in neuronal morphogenesis. Only the inner segment of the photoreceptors retained a high gelsolin content in the adult retina, perhaps because the attached outer segment is continuously renewed throughout life. Gelsolin, which is a major component of the rabbit brain oligodendrocytes, was also found in the myelin of the medullary ray region of the rabbit retina. Müller cells in all regions of the rabbit retina also contain gelsolin from early in development to adulthood. Since one of the functions of these cells is to ensheath neuronal elements in the inner plexiform and optic fiber layers, we suggest that gelsolin may play the same role in Müller cells as it does in oligodendrocytes, i.e., sheath formation via its calcium-dependent action on the actin microfilament networks.
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