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  • Articles  (3)
  • Gene Expression Profiling  (3)
  • Nature Publishing Group (NPG)  (3)
  • Macmillian Magazines Ltd.
  • 1
    Publication Date: 2011-02-04
    Description: Effective clinical management of prostate cancer (PCA) has been challenged by significant intratumoural heterogeneity on the genomic and pathological levels and limited understanding of the genetic elements governing disease progression. Here, we exploited the experimental merits of the mouse to test the hypothesis that pathways constraining progression might be activated in indolent Pten-null mouse prostate tumours and that inactivation of such progression barriers in mice would engender a metastasis-prone condition. Comparative transcriptomic and canonical pathway analyses, followed by biochemical confirmation, of normal prostate epithelium versus poorly progressive Pten-null prostate cancers revealed robust activation of the TGFbeta/BMP-SMAD4 signalling axis. The functional relevance of SMAD4 was further supported by emergence of invasive, metastatic and lethal prostate cancers with 100% penetrance upon genetic deletion of Smad4 in the Pten-null mouse prostate. Pathological and molecular analysis as well as transcriptomic knowledge-based pathway profiling of emerging tumours identified cell proliferation and invasion as two cardinal tumour biological features in the metastatic Smad4/Pten-null PCA model. Follow-on pathological and functional assessment confirmed cyclin D1 and SPP1 as key mediators of these biological processes, which together with PTEN and SMAD4, form a four-gene signature that is prognostic of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) biochemical recurrence and lethal metastasis in human PCA. This model-informed progression analysis, together with genetic, functional and translational studies, establishes SMAD4 as a key regulator of PCA progression in mice and humans.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3753179/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3753179/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Ding, Zhihu -- Wu, Chang-Jiun -- Chu, Gerald C -- Xiao, Yonghong -- Ho, Dennis -- Zhang, Jingfang -- Perry, Samuel R -- Labrot, Emma S -- Wu, Xiaoqiu -- Lis, Rosina -- Hoshida, Yujin -- Hiller, David -- Hu, Baoli -- Jiang, Shan -- Zheng, Hongwu -- Stegh, Alexander H -- Scott, Kenneth L -- Signoretti, Sabina -- Bardeesy, Nabeel -- Wang, Y Alan -- Hill, David E -- Golub, Todd R -- Stampfer, Meir J -- Wong, Wing H -- Loda, Massimo -- Mucci, Lorelei -- Chin, Lynda -- DePinho, Ronald A -- P50 CA090381/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P50 CA090381-08/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P50 CA90381/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 5R01CA136578/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA131945/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01CA131945/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01CA141298/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- U01-CA84313/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2011 Feb 10;470(7333):269-73. doi: 10.1038/nature09677. Epub 2011 Feb 2.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Belfer Institute for Applied Cancer Science, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21289624" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Bone Morphogenetic Proteins/metabolism ; Cell Proliferation ; Cyclin D1/genetics/metabolism ; *Disease Progression ; Gene Expression Profiling ; Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic ; Genes, Tumor Suppressor/physiology ; Humans ; Lung Neoplasms/secondary ; Lymphatic Metastasis ; Male ; Mice ; Mice, Transgenic ; Models, Biological ; Neoplasm Invasiveness/genetics/pathology ; Neoplasm Metastasis/genetics/*pathology ; Osteopontin/genetics/metabolism ; PTEN Phosphohydrolase/deficiency/genetics ; Penetrance ; Prognosis ; Prostate/metabolism ; Prostate-Specific Antigen/metabolism ; Prostatic Neoplasms/diagnosis/genetics/*pathology ; Smad4 Protein/deficiency/genetics/*metabolism ; Transforming Growth Factor beta
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2011-11-04
    Description: Measles virus is an aerosol-transmitted virus that affects more than 10 million children each year and accounts for approximately 120,000 deaths. Although it was long believed to replicate in the respiratory epithelium before disseminating, it was recently shown to infect initially macrophages and dendritic cells of the airways using signalling lymphocytic activation molecule family member 1 (SLAMF1; also called CD150) as a receptor. These cells then cross the respiratory epithelium and transport the infection to lymphatic organs where measles virus replicates vigorously. How and where the virus crosses back into the airways has remained unknown. On the basis of functional analyses of surface proteins preferentially expressed on virus-permissive human epithelial cell lines, here we identify nectin-4 (ref. 8; also called poliovirus-receptor-like-4 (PVRL4)) as a candidate host exit receptor. This adherens junction protein of the immunoglobulin superfamily interacts with the viral attachment protein with high affinity through its membrane-distal domain. Nectin-4 sustains measles virus entry and non-cytopathic lateral spread in well-differentiated primary human airway epithelial sheets infected basolaterally. It is downregulated in infected epithelial cells, including those of macaque tracheae. Although other viruses use receptors to enter hosts or transit through their epithelial barriers, we suggest that measles virus targets nectin-4 to emerge in the airways. Nectin-4 is a cellular marker of several types of cancer, which has implications for ongoing measles-virus-based clinical trials of oncolysis.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3245798/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3245798/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Muhlebach, Michael D -- Mateo, Mathieu -- Sinn, Patrick L -- Prufer, Steffen -- Uhlig, Katharina M -- Leonard, Vincent H J -- Navaratnarajah, Chanakha K -- Frenzke, Marie -- Wong, Xiao X -- Sawatsky, Bevan -- Ramachandran, Shyam -- McCray, Paul B Jr -- Cichutek, Klaus -- von Messling, Veronika -- Lopez, Marc -- Cattaneo, Roberto -- MOP-66989/Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Canada -- P30 DK-54759/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- P30 DK054759/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI063476/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI063476-05A2/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA090636/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA090636-09/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2011 Nov 2;480(7378):530-3. doi: 10.1038/nature10639.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Division of Medical Biotechnology, Paul-Ehrlich-Institut, 63225 Langen, Germany.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22048310" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; CHO Cells ; Cell Adhesion Molecules/genetics/*metabolism ; Cell Line ; Cricetinae ; Gene Expression Profiling ; Humans ; Measles/*metabolism ; Measles virus/*metabolism ; Receptors, Virus/genetics/*metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2013-02-01
    Description: Stroking of the skin produces pleasant sensations that can occur during social interactions with conspecifics, such as grooming. Despite numerous physiological studies (reviewed in ref. 2), molecularly defined sensory neurons that detect pleasant stroking of hairy skin in vivo have not been reported. Previously, we identified a rare population of unmyelinated sensory neurons in mice that express the G-protein-coupled receptor MRGPRB4 (refs 5, 6). These neurons exclusively innervate hairy skin with large terminal arborizations that resemble the receptive fields of C-tactile (CT) afferents in humans. Unlike other molecularly defined mechanosensory C-fibre subtypes, MRGPRB4(+) neurons could not be detectably activated by sensory stimulation of the skin ex vivo. Therefore, we developed a preparation for calcium imaging in the spinal projections of these neurons during stimulation of the periphery in intact mice. Here we show that MRGPRB4(+) neurons are activated by massage-like stroking of hairy skin, but not by noxious punctate mechanical stimulation. By contrast, a different population of C fibres expressing MRGPRD was activated by pinching but not by stroking, consistent with previous physiological and behavioural data. Pharmacogenetic activation of Mrgprb4-expressing neurons in freely behaving mice promoted conditioned place preference, indicating that such activation is positively reinforcing and/or anxiolytic. These data open the way to understanding the function of MRGPRB4 neurons during natural behaviours, and provide a general approach to the functional characterization of genetically identified subsets of somatosensory neurons in vivo.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3563425/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3563425/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Vrontou, Sophia -- Wong, Allan M -- Rau, Kristofer K -- Koerber, H Richard -- Anderson, David J -- 5P01NS-48499/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- 5R01 NS023476/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- P01 NS048499/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R01 NS023725/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2013 Jan 31;493(7434):669-73. doi: 10.1038/nature11810.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Division of Biology 156-29, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23364746" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Gene Expression Profiling ; Mice ; Nerve Fibers, Unmyelinated/*metabolism ; Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/*genetics/metabolism ; Sensory Receptor Cells/metabolism ; Skin/*innervation ; Touch/*genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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