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  • Glutamine synthetase  (3)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-2048
    Keywords: Glutamine synthetase ; Nitrate (as inductor) ; Nitrite reductase ; Phytochrome (as inductor) ; Sinapis (nitrate assimilation)
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The extent to which the appearances of nitrite reductase (NIR; EC 1.7.7.1) and glutamine synthetase (GS; EC 6.3.1.2) are coordinated was studied in mustard (Sinapis alba L.) seedlings. It was established by immunotitration that the increased activities of NIR and GS in the presence of light and nitrate can be attributed to the de-novo synthesis of enzyme protein. The bulk of the NIR and GS was found in the developing cotyledons. In the absence of nitrate in the growth medium there was no coordinate appearance of NIR and GS. While light strongly stimulated the appearance of GS, the level of NIR was hardly affected and remained low. On the other hand, in the presence of nitrate in the medium the appearances of NIR and GS were strictly coordinated, the GS level being considerably above that of NIR. It is argued that phytochrome-controlled synthesis of GS in the absence of nitrate is part of the mechanism to reassimilate ammonium liberated during proteolysis of storage protein and metabolism of the resulting amino acids, whereas the strictly coordinated synthesis in the presence of light and nitrate indicates the dominance of nitrate assimilation under these circumstances. The fact that the level of GS was always considerably above that of NIR appears to be a safety measure to prevent ammonium accumulation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-2048
    Keywords: Glutamine synthetase ; Nitrate (as inductor) ; Nitrite reductase ; Phytochrome (as inductor) ; Sinapis (nitrate assimilation)
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The extent to which the appearances of nitrite reductase (NIR; EC 1.7.7.1) and glutamine synthetase (GS; EC 6.3.1.2) are coordinated was studied in mustard (Sinapis alba L.) seedlings. It was established by immunotitration that the increased activities of NIR and GS in the presence of light and nitrate can be attributed to the de-novo synthesis of enzyme protein. The bulk of the NIR and GS was found in the developing cotyledons. In the absence of nitrate in the growth medium there was no coordinate appearance of NIR and GS. While light strongly stimulated the appearance of GS, the level of NIR was hardly affected and remained low. On the other hand, in the presence of nitrate in the medium the appearances of NIR and GS were strictly coordinated, the GS level being considerably above that of NIR. It is argued that phytochrome-controlled synthesis of GS in the absence of nitrate is part of the mechanism to reassimilate ammonium liberated during proteolysis of storage protein and metabolism of the resulting amino acids, whereas the strictly coordinated synthesis in the presence of light and nitrate indicates the dominance of nitrate assimilation under these circumstances. The fact that the level of GS was always considerably above that of NIR appears to be a safety measure to prevent ammonium accumulation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-2048
    Keywords: Ammonium assimilation ; Glutamine synthetase ; Nitrate ; Phytochrome ; Sinapis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract During transformation of mustard seedlings cotyledons from storage organs to photosynthetically competent leaves, a process which occurs during the first 4 d after sowing, total glutamine-synthetase (GS, EC 6.3.1.2) activity increases from zero to the high level usually observed in green leaves. In the present study we have used ion-exchange chromatography to separate possible isoforms of GS during the development of the cotyledons. The approach failed since we could only detect a single form of GS, presumably plastidic GS, under all circumstances tested. The technique of selective photooxidative destruction of plastids in situ was applied to solve the problem of GS localization. It was inferred from the data that the GS as detected by ion-exchange chromatography is plastidic GS. The regulatory role, if any, of light, nitrate and ammonium in the process of the appearance of GS in the developing cotyledons was investigated. The results show that nitrate and ammonium play only minor roles. Light, operating via phytochrome, is the major regulatory factor.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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