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  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-5176
    Keywords: Chile ; interfertility trials ; Gracilaria ; ITS region ; morphotypes ; PCR ; RFLPs ; New Zealand
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) patterns of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) of the nuclear ribosomal cistron and crossability trials were used to characterize four morphotypes of Gracilaria from Lenga, Isla Santa María and Maullín, Chile, and two morphotypes from sites in New Zealand. PCR products from all Chilean morphotypes resulted in a major single band of ca. 1198 bp. ITS-RFLP profiles generated with the restriction enzymes Cla I, Hae III, Pst I, Hha I, Rsa I and Taq I, were identical in all cases. All crosses within, as well as between, morphotypes resulted in cystocarp differentiation, with the production of viable carpospores. Based upon these data, it is concluded that the four morphotypes from Chile correspond to a single species, G. chilensis, and that the ITS-RFLP pattern is a useful marker to predict genetic relatedness at the specific level in Gracilaria. A comparison of the ITS-RFLP patterns of the Chilean morphotypes with the patterns of two samples of G. chilensis from New Zealand revealed that the sample from Scorching Bay, Wellington, fits the Chilean ITS-RFLP patterns. The population from Blockhouse Bay, Auckland, appears to correspond to another species.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-5117
    Keywords: Gracilaria ; morphotypes ; RAPD analysis ; RFLP analysis ; seaweed
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The extreme phenotypic variability recognized among the species of Gracilaria has highlighted the need for the application of refined methods to help solve taxa identifications. In Chile, there still exists uncertainty about the exact number of Gracilaria species. Our investigations are centered on DNA analyses of morphotypes collected from different geographical locations, namely Lenga and Isla Santa María, Region VIII (36°00′ S to 38°00′ S), and Maullín, Region X (39°30′ S to 43°40′ S). These two regions of Chile are considered as areas of confluence of G. chilensis, G. verrucosa, and a species of Gracilariopsis. In this study four morphotypes, from a natural bed located in Maullín, were analyzed for RFLP of plastid DNA and the results compared with data of four morphotypes from a bed in Lenga. The DNA banding patterns from each enzyme digest were identical irrespective of morphotypes and/or locations. In an attempt to unravel the nature of the morphological differences found among Lenga and Maullín morphotypes, RAPD analyses of nuclear DNA were also performed; however, no polymorphism has been found yet. Therefore, the data of this study, as well as concurrent data from preliminary interfertility tests, suggest that all morphotypes belong to a single taxon, Gracilaria chilensis.
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