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  • Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor  (3)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0584
    Keywords: Key words Myelodysplastic syndrome ; All-trans retinoic acid ; Interferon alpha ; Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor ; Differentiation therapy
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract  Used as single agents, ATRA, G-CSF, and IFN-α have shown a moderate benefit in patients with low-risk MDS, with a response rate of 10%. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of a combination of these agents. The effect on hemoglobin (Hb), platelets, and absolute neutrophil count (ANC), as well as on transfusion frequency, was examined in 25 patients with MDS (11 RA, four RARS, eight RAEB, two CMML). The median age was 61 years (range 44–81), and the male/female ratio was 14/11. Treatment consisted of ATRA at 25 mg/m2/day p.o. for months 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, and 11, IFN-α at 1.5 MIU twice a week s.c. for 52 weeks, and, in patients with initial ANC 〈500/μl, G-CSF at 100–480 μg daily s.c. according to the degree of ANC. The duration of therapy was scheduled for 12 months. Two patients achieved ongoing CR (+19 months; +16 months), one patient with RA after 3 months and one with CMML after 7 months of treatment. In all patients, the mean ANC increased significantly from 1400±200/μl before the start of therapy to 3500±600/μl at the end of treatment (p=0.025). In two patients an increase of Hb was observed, and one patient ceased to require transfusions. In an additional patient with RA and 5q-syndrome, the platelet count normalized following administration of ATRA/IFN-α, increasing from 89,000/μl to 293,000/μl. The eight RAEB patients were nonresponders. We conclude that therapy with ATRA, IFNα, and G-CSF is effective in approximately 35% of low-risk MDS patients (in this study: six of 17) and may induce complete remission in individual cases.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0584
    Keywords: Key words All-trans-retinoic acid ; Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor ; Erythropoietin ; Myelodysplastic syndrome ; Tumor necrosis factor ; TNF receptor ; Soluble IL-2 receptor ; ICAM-1 ; Transferrin receptor
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract  Differentiation induction therapy is being tested in myelodysplastic syndromes to ameliorate maturation defects and to restore normal hematopoietic function. To this end, 17 patients (eight with refractory anemia, two with refractory anemia and ring sideroblasts, and seven with refractory anemia and excess of blast cells) were treated with a combination of all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA), granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), erythropoietin (EPO), and α-tocopherol for durations of 8–16 weeks. Absolute neutrophil counts increased in all patients; platelet counts increased in five patients with discontinuation of transfusion needs in two of four transfusion-dependent patients. Stimulation of erythropoiesis was seen in eight patients with an increase in hemoglobin concentration in three, a discontinuation of transfusion requirements in another three, and a significant increase in reticulocyte counts as the only parameter in two patients. Clinically important multilineage responses with increases of hemoglobin levels or discontinuation of transfusion needs were thus seen in six patients (35.3%) with three patients having a trilineage response. Serum erythropoietin concentrations did not differ significantly between responders and nonresponders, but the erythroid response was accompanied by a rise in the serum transferrin receptor levels. In the bone marrow, the myeloid-to-erythroid ratio and the maturation index of myeloid cells increased during therapy, while the percentage of blast cells did not change. Cytogenetic analysis demonstrated the persistence of the abnormal clones. Prior to therapy, nonresponders had a significantly higher serum TNF level than responders. Serum concentrations of TNF-α and soluble TNF-α receptor significantly increased during therapy, but mainly in the patients without an erythroid and platelet response. Soluble IL-2 receptor and soluble ICAM-1 concentrations both increased. This pilot study demonstrates that treatment with ATRA/G-CSF/EPO/tocopherol is well tolerated, leading to normalization of neutrophil counts in most, and to improvement of platelets and red blood cells in a significant subgroup of patients.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0584
    Keywords: Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor ; Acute lymphoblastic leukemia ; Chemotherapy ; Pilot study
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The present study was designed to determine whether Filgrastim, a neutrophil-specific hematopoietic growth factor, could be administered simultaneously with intensive induction chemotherapy for adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The effect of Filgrastim on the severity of chemotherapy-induced neutropenia, fever, and infections was assessed in 15 patients treated according to the protocol of the German multicenter ALL (GMALL) trial 04/89. Filgrastim (5μg/kg/day) was given concurrently with successive cycles of cyclophosphamide, cytosine-arabinoside (ara-C), 6-mercaptopurine (6MP), prednisone (PRD), intrathecal methotrexate, and prophylactic cranial irradiation. During the study period the median total duration of severe neutropenia (〈0.5×109/l) in 13 evaluable patients was 8 days, individual periods of neutropenia typically were short. Infections occurred in six patients; seven patients remained fever-free during treatment with Filgrastim. We conclude that simultaneous treatment with Filgrastim and chemotherapy in this specific setting is feasible and well tolerated. The efficacy of this treatment approach in terms of overall treatment results requires further testing in a randomized trial.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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