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  • Growth interruption  (1)
  • Lasing Exciton  (1)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1057-9257
    Keywords: ZnSe ; ZnSSe ; GaAs substrate ; MOVPE ; Photoluminescence ; Quantum well ; Interface properties ; Growth interruption ; Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology , Physics
    Notes: In this work we report on ZnSxSe1 - x/ZnSe quantum wells grown by atmospheric pressure MOVPE on GaAs substrates. Diethylznc (DEZn), diethylselenium (DESe), diethylsulphur (DES) and H2S were used as source materials. Binary quantum wells with ZnSe or ZnS as barrier were usually grown in sets of 10 pairs on a 0.5 μm ZnSe or ZnS buffer, respectively. QWs with different well thicknesses (1-4 nm) show a typical shift to higher energies with decreasing well thickness and also a large decrease in PL intensity with increasing well thickness. Owing to the onset of relaxation above 5 nm well thickness, no PL emission could be observed. QWs of the same thickness but grown at different temperatures (420-520°C) show a broadened line shape with decreasing growth temperature. Growth interruption (3-50 s) also causes a broadening of the PL emission with decreasing interruption time. This is caused by interface reconstruction at higher growth temperatures and longer growth interruption. A ZnS buffer of 0.5 μm improves the PL line shape compared with a ZnSe buffer.ZnSxSe1 - x/ZnSe single and multiple QWs (Lz = 1-4 nm) were grown to reduce the strain in the structures. A typical quantum confinement energy shift of 160 meV for the 1 nm well can be observed in ZnS0.68Se0.32/ZnSe QWs. In comparison with the binary QWs, the FWHM could be reduced by about a factor of two to 34 meV. This improvement was obtained by an optimisation of the switching process to prevent the desorption of sulphur from the ZnSSe during the growth interruption.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1057-9257
    Keywords: MOVPE ; ZnSxSe1 - x ; MQW ; Optical properties ; Lasing Exciton ; Electron-hole plasma ; Dynamics ; Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology , Physics
    Notes: Non-linear and stimulated emission of ZnSxSe1 - x/ZnSe multilayer structures grown by MOVPE on GaAs is investigated by means of high-density excitation spectroscopy using a high-resolution pulsed excimer-dye laser system as well as a picosecond titanium-sapphire laser for time-resolved measurements. Heterostructures with ZnSe layers or single and multiple quantum wells were grown in which the ZnSe layer widths were varied between 1 nm (strong quantum confinement) and 500 nm (quasi-bulk situation). The sulphur concentration in the ZnSxSe1 - x buffer, barrier and cap layers was chosen between x = 0.045 and x = 0.74 in order to find the most promising compromise with regard to maximum band offset to ZnSe for most efficient carrier confinement and suitable waveguiding properties depending on variation in the refractive index, and to highest structural quality of the actively emitting ZnSe layers. Stimulated emission is found to occur in all samples, being brightest in the sample with the lowest sulphur concentration in the cap and barrier layers. Its dynamical properties point to a probable interpretation in terms of electron-hole plasma creation, which, however, may not be the basic process in narrow-quantum wells or strongly structurally disturbed samples.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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