Photoreceptor cells, retinal
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary Ca++-ATPase activity was demonstrated histochemically at light- and electron-microscopic levels in inner and outer segments of retinal photoreceptor cells of the guinea pig with the use of a newly developed one-step lead-citrate method (Ando et al. 1981). The localization of ouabain-sensitive, K+-dependent p-nitrophenylphosphatase (K+-NPPase) activity, which represents the second dephosphorylative step of the Na+-K+-ATPase system, was studied by use of the one-step method newly adapted for ultracytochemistry (Mayahara et al. 1980). In retinal photoreceptor cells fixed for 15 min in 2% paraformaldehyde the electron-dense Ca++-ATPase reaction product accumulated significantly on the inner membranes of the mitochondria but not on the plasmalemma or other cytoplasmic elements of the inner segments. The membranes of the outer segments remained unstained except the membrane arrays in close apposition to the retinal pigment epithelium. The cytochemical reaction was Ca++- and substrate-dependent and showed sensitivity to oligomycin. When Mg++-ions were used instead of Ca++-ions, a distinct reaction was also found on mitochondrial inner membranes. In contrast to the localization of the Ca++ -ATPase activity, the K+-NPPase activity was demonstrated only on the plasmalemma of the inner segments, but not on the mitochondria, other cytoplasmic elements or the outer segment membranes. This reaction was almost completely abolished by ouabain or by elimination of K+ from the incubation medium.
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