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    Keywords: MARROW-TRANSPLANTATION ; STEM-CELL TRANSPLANTATION ; HEMATOLOGIC MALIGNANCIES ; ACUTE MYELOID-LEUKEMIA ; MYELODYSPLASTIC SYNDROMES ; UNRELATED DONORS ; COMORBIDITY INDEX ; PATIENTS OLDER ; REDUCED-INTENSITY ; SIBLING DONORS
    Abstract: The prognosis of elderly patients with AML after chemotherapy is poor. Allo-SCT is feasible in these patients, but data on prognostic factors and outcome are limited. We analyzed all 102 AML patients 〉/=55 years, who underwent allo-SCT at our institution from 1997 to 2008. OS and relapse-free survival (RFS) rates at 3 years are 39 and 37%, respectively. Multivariate analysis for OS revealed age 〉/=60 years and active (refractory or untreated before allo-SCT) or advanced (〉CR1) disease as adverse prognostic factors. Patients transplanted in CR1 had a 3-year OS of 67 vs 27% for patients with active/advanced disease. Multivariate analysis for RFS revealed active/advanced disease as the only adverse factor. Patients transplanted in CR1 had a 3-year RFS of 70 vs 22% for patients with active/advanced disease. In all, 17% of patients suffered from acute GVHD 〉/=grade II. The risk for severe acute GVHD was increased after allo-SCT from mismatched donors. Nonrelapse mortality (NRM) was 23% at 1 year. The only risk factor for NRM was active/advanced disease. In conclusion, allo-SCT from related or unrelated donors yields very good results in elderly AML patients transplanted in CR1. Disease status at transplantation is the most important prognostic factor for transplantation success.Bone Marrow Transplantation advance online publication, 14 June 2010; doi:10.1038/bmt.2010.145.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 20548341
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