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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1246
    Keywords: Pesticides ; Hexachlorocyclohexane ; Lindane ; Health supervision ; Benzenehexachloride
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Sixty male workers in a lindane (y-hexachlorocyclohexane)-producing factory were examined with regard to health in comparison with an external control group of 20 clerks. Case history, physical examination, neurologic status, and ECG revealed no significant differences between groups. However, the following significant differences in clinical-chemical blood tests were ascertained: higher polymorphonuclear leukocyte count, lower lymphocyte count, higher reticulocyte count, lower prothrombin (Quick's) test, and lower blood concentrations of creatinine and uric acid. No significant differences were observed in total red and white blood cell as well as platelet counts, hemoglobin content, the other counts of differential blood picture, γ-GT, GOT, GPT, LDH, cholinesterase, triglycerides, cholesterol, and urea. In spite of a pronounced exposure to the α-, β-, and γ-isomers of hexachlorocyclohexane, no signs of severe impairment of health were observed; only small deviations in some laboratory tests were found having no pathologic significance. However, biological monitoring and health supervision of HCH-exposed workers should be carried out.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-1246
    Keywords: Methanol ; Formic acid ; Metabolism ; Printing ; Health supervision
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary A study was carried out among 20 workers employed in a printing, office at three different work places (methanol concentration: 85, 101, and 134 ppm) to determine whether the concentration of formic acid in blood or urine and the methanol content of alveolar air permit the estimation of methanol exposure. For this purpose blood, urine, and end expiratory air were collected at the beginning and the end of the shift. For comparison formic acid concentrations were determined in the morning and in the afternoon in blood and urine of 36 and 15 control persons, respectively. The concentration of formic acid in blood increased significantly from 3.2 ± 2.4 mg/l before to 7.9 ± 3.2 mg/l after the shift in the exposed workers (mean increase 4.7 ± 3.8 mg/l). The corresponding concentrations in urine were 13.1 ± 3.9 mg/l and 20.2 ± 7 mg/l, respectively, with a mean increase of 7.1 ± 5.3 mg/l. This difference is also significant. On the contrary, in the control groups there was a small but significant decrease of formic acid concentration in blood from 5.6 ±4.5 mg/l in the morning to 4.9 ± 4.2 mg/l in the afternoon. In urine, the formic acid concentrations in the morning (11.9 ± 6.4 mg/l) and in the afternoon (11.7 ±5.6 mg/l) were not significantly different. The increase of formic acid concentration in blood during the shift is the most useful parameter for monitoring methanol exposed persons. In contrast determinations of methanol concentrations in the ambient air or in the exhaled air are only crude estimates.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Pflügers Archiv 401 (1984), S. 333-339 
    ISSN: 1432-2013
    Keywords: Low molecular weight protein ; Lysozyme ; Renal reabsorption, accumulation and degradation ; Tyrosine ; Gentamicin ; Inhibition of lysozyme degradation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Previous renal clearance studies provided quantitative data concerning renal reabsorption of proteins while the simultaneous processes of renal accumulation and degradation remain, to a great extent, insufficiently investigated. Thus, it was the aim of this study to measure renal reabsorption of egg-white lysozyme at various lysozyme concentrations and to relate the corresponding accumulation and degradation of lysozyme to the lysozyme transport rates in intact rats and isolated perfused rat kidneys. Lysozyme (with125I-lysozyme in certain experiments), was continuously infused i.v. or added to the perfusate to achieve plasma (or perfusate) concentrations of lysozyme (PLY) of approximately 50, 500 or 1000 mg·l−1 for periods of time varying between 3 and 120 or 150 min. Clearances of inulin and lysozyme or the total content of radioactivity and the trichloroacetic acid (TCA)-soluble radioactivity in the kidney tissue were determined at the end of clearance or accumulation periods. Additionally the perfusate concentration of the metabolite tyrosine was measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The reabsorption rates of lysozyme (TLY) were concentration-dependent in both intact rats and isolated perfused rat kidney. After 25 min of lysozyme infusion, the lysozyme reabsorption rates amounted to 37, 245 and 331 μg·min−1·g−1 kidney at the above lysozyme concentrations. After the same infusion time, the accumulation rates of lysozyme were 8, 59 and 118 μg·min−1·g−1 kidney. The difference between the transport rate and accumulation rate should represent the renal degradation rate of lysozyme. The renal accumulation and degradation of lysozyme appeared to increase in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. The renal lysozyme degradation is of limited capacity as shown by measuring directly the release of the amino acid tyrosine by using HPLC. Renal degradation of lysozyme was almost totally inhibited by gentamicin in the presence of significant transport of lysozyme. The results of this study also demonstrate the ability of the rat kidney to reabsorb and accumulate large amounts of the cationic low molecular weight protein lysozyme without ultrastructural changes at plasma concentrations of lysozyme as high as 500 mg·l−1. Transmission electron microscopy indicated an increase in the number of endocytic vesicles and lysosomes at 1000 mg·l−1 plasma concentration of lysozyme after a 30 min infusion.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    ISSN: 0005-2736
    Keywords: (Rat kidney cortex) ; Amino acid effect ; Endocytosis ; Enzyme-membrane interaction ; Lysozyme ; Protein reabsorption
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 0005-2736
    Keywords: (Rat kidney cortex) ; Brush-border membrane ; Endocytosis ; Lysozyme ; Membrane-protein interaction ; Protein absorption
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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