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  • Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy  (1)
  • Chemistry  (1)
  • Herbieide detoxification  (1)
  • 1985-1989  (2)
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Year
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-2048
    Keywords: Glutathione S-transferase ; Herbieide detoxification ; Suspension culture ; Zea (herbicide detoxification)
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The metabolism of the s-triazine herbicide atrazine has been compared in Zea mays seedlings and cell suspension cultures. The rapid detoxification observed in the shoots of whole plants was not seen in the cultured cells. This difference in metabolism could be accounted for by the varying substrate specificities of the isoenzymes of glutathione S-transferase (EC 2.5.1.18) present in the plant and the cells. A single form of the enzyme isolated from leaf tissue conjugated both atrazine and the chloracetanilide herbicide metolachlor. However, the two isoenzymes present in suspension-cultured cells although active against metolachlor, showed no activity toward atrazine. Following purification, the major form of transferase present in the cells was physically similar to the enzyme isolated from leaf (Mr=55000). Both proteins were dimers of subunit Mr=26300, and with isoelectric points in the range pH 4.3-4.9. The minor form of the enzyme present in culture showed a greater specificity for metolachlor than the major species. In addition the overall activity and ratio of the two isoenzymes varied over the culture growth cycle. These findings illustrate the need for characterizing enzymes involved in herbicide detoxification in plant cell cultures.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Chichester : Wiley-Blackwell
    Biological Mass Spectrometry 17 (1988), S. 241-244 
    ISSN: 1052-9306
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The use of fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry has been demonstrated for the qualitative analysis of mixtures of dansylated amines and compared with high-performance liquid chromatography for the quantification of some individual amines from meat products.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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