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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2011-08-20
    Description: Immune clearance and resource limitation (via red blood cell depletion) shape the peaks and troughs of malaria parasitemia, which in turn affect disease severity and transmission. Quantitatively partitioning the relative roles of these effects through time is challenging. Using data from rodent malaria, we estimated the effective propagation number, which reflects the relative importance of contrasting within-host control mechanisms through time and is sensitive to the inoculating parasite dose. Our analysis showed that the capacity of innate responses to restrict initial parasite growth saturates with parasite dose and that experimentally enhanced innate immunity can affect parasite density indirectly via resource depletion. Such a statistical approach offers a tool to improve targeting of drugs or vaccines for human therapy by revealing the dynamics and interactions of within-host regulatory mechanisms.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3891600/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3891600/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Metcalf, C J E -- Graham, A L -- Huijben, S -- Barclay, V C -- Long, G H -- Grenfell, B T -- Read, A F -- Bjornstad, O N -- R01 GM089932/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01GM089932/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R24 HD047879/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council/United Kingdom -- Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2011 Aug 19;333(6045):984-8. doi: 10.1126/science.1204588.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Zoology, Oxford University, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK. charlotte.metcalf@zoo.ox.ac.uk〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21852493" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adaptive Immunity ; Animals ; Antibodies/immunology ; CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology ; Erythrocyte Aging ; Erythrocyte Count ; Erythrocytes/*parasitology/physiology ; Host-Parasite Interactions ; Humans ; Immunity, Innate ; Interleukin-10/immunology/metabolism ; Malaria/blood/*immunology/*parasitology ; Mice ; Models, Biological ; Models, Statistical ; *Parasitemia/blood/immunology/parasitology ; Plasmodium chabaudi/immunology/*physiology ; Receptors, Interleukin-10/immunology ; Regression Analysis
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
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    Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
    Publication Date: 2014-07-06
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Andersson, Claes -- Read, Dwight -- England -- Nature. 2014 Jul 3;511(7507):E1. doi: 10.1038/nature13411.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Physical Resource Theory/Department of Energy and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology, 412 96 Goteborg, Sweden. ; Department of Anthropology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24990755" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Cultural Evolution ; *Games, Experimental ; Humans ; Male ; *Population Density
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2015-06-19
    Description: There is an urgent need for new drugs to treat malaria, with broad therapeutic potential and novel modes of action, to widen the scope of treatment and to overcome emerging drug resistance. Here we describe the discovery of DDD107498, a compound with a potent and novel spectrum of antimalarial activity against multiple life-cycle stages of the Plasmodium parasite, with good pharmacokinetic properties and an acceptable safety profile. DDD107498 demonstrates potential to address a variety of clinical needs, including single-dose treatment, transmission blocking and chemoprotection. DDD107498 was developed from a screening programme against blood-stage malaria parasites; its molecular target has been identified as translation elongation factor 2 (eEF2), which is responsible for the GTP-dependent translocation of the ribosome along messenger RNA, and is essential for protein synthesis. This discovery of eEF2 as a viable antimalarial drug target opens up new possibilities for drug discovery.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4700930/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4700930/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Baragana, Beatriz -- Hallyburton, Irene -- Lee, Marcus C S -- Norcross, Neil R -- Grimaldi, Raffaella -- Otto, Thomas D -- Proto, William R -- Blagborough, Andrew M -- Meister, Stephan -- Wirjanata, Grennady -- Ruecker, Andrea -- Upton, Leanna M -- Abraham, Tara S -- Almeida, Mariana J -- Pradhan, Anupam -- Porzelle, Achim -- Martinez, Maria Santos -- Bolscher, Judith M -- Woodland, Andrew -- Norval, Suzanne -- Zuccotto, Fabio -- Thomas, John -- Simeons, Frederick -- Stojanovski, Laste -- Osuna-Cabello, Maria -- Brock, Paddy M -- Churcher, Tom S -- Sala, Katarzyna A -- Zakutansky, Sara E -- Jimenez-Diaz, Maria Belen -- Sanz, Laura Maria -- Riley, Jennifer -- Basak, Rajshekhar -- Campbell, Michael -- Avery, Vicky M -- Sauerwein, Robert W -- Dechering, Koen J -- Noviyanti, Rintis -- Campo, Brice -- Frearson, Julie A -- Angulo-Barturen, Inigo -- Ferrer-Bazaga, Santiago -- Gamo, Francisco Javier -- Wyatt, Paul G -- Leroy, Didier -- Siegl, Peter -- Delves, Michael J -- Kyle, Dennis E -- Wittlin, Sergio -- Marfurt, Jutta -- Price, Ric N -- Sinden, Robert E -- Winzeler, Elizabeth A -- Charman, Susan A -- Bebrevska, Lidiya -- Gray, David W -- Campbell, Simon -- Fairlamb, Alan H -- Willis, Paul A -- Rayner, Julian C -- Fidock, David A -- Read, Kevin D -- Gilbert, Ian H -- 079838/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- 091625/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- 098051/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- 100476/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- R01 AI090141/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI103058/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2015 Jun 18;522(7556):315-20. doi: 10.1038/nature14451.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Drug Discovery Unit, Division of Biological Chemistry and Drug Discovery, College of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 5EH, UK. ; Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10032, USA. ; Malaria Programme, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Cambridge CB10 1SA, UK. ; Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College, London SW7 2AZ, UK. ; University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine, 9500 Gilman Drive 0760, La Jolla, California 92093, USA. ; Global Health and Tropical Medicine Division, Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, PO Box 41096, Casuarina, Darwin, Northern Territory 0811, Australia. ; Department of Global Health, College of Public Health University of South Florida, 3720 Spectrum Boulevard, Suite 304, Tampa, Florida 33612, USA. ; GlaxoSmithKline, Tres Cantos Medicines Development Campus-Diseases of the Developing World, Severo Ochoa 2, Tres Cantos 28760, Madrid, Spain. ; TropIQ Health Sciences, Geert Grooteplein 28, Huispost 268, 6525 GA Nijmegen, The Netherlands. ; Centre for Drug Candidate Optimisation, Monash University, 381 Royal Parade, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia. ; Eskitis Institute, Brisbane Innovation Park, Nathan Campus, Griffith University, Queensland 4111, Australia. ; Malaria Pathogenesis Laboratory, Eijkman Institute for Molecular Biology, Jalan Diponegoro 69, 10430 Jakarta, Indonesia. ; Medicines for Malaria Venture, PO Box 1826, 20 route de Pre-Bois, 1215 Geneva 15, Switzerland. ; Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Socinstrasse 57, 4051 Basel, Switzerland. ; 1] Global Health and Tropical Medicine Division, Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, PO Box 41096, Casuarina, Darwin, Northern Territory 0811, Australia [2] Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LJ, UK. ; 1] Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10032, USA [2] Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10032, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26085270" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Antimalarials/administration & dosage/adverse ; effects/pharmacokinetics/*pharmacology ; Drug Discovery ; Female ; Gene Expression Regulation/*drug effects ; Life Cycle Stages/drug effects ; Liver/drug effects/parasitology ; Malaria/drug therapy/*parasitology ; Male ; Models, Molecular ; Peptide Elongation Factor 2/antagonists & inhibitors/metabolism ; Plasmodium/*drug effects/genetics/growth & development/*metabolism ; Plasmodium berghei/drug effects/physiology ; Plasmodium falciparum/drug effects/metabolism ; Plasmodium vivax/drug effects/metabolism ; Protein Biosynthesis/*drug effects ; Quinolines/administration & dosage/chemistry/pharmacokinetics/*pharmacology
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2014-09-27
    Description: Blood cells derive from hematopoietic stem cells through stepwise fating events. To characterize gene expression programs driving lineage choice, we sequenced RNA from eight primary human hematopoietic progenitor populations representing the major myeloid commitment stages and the main lymphoid stage. We identified extensive cell type-specific expression changes: 6711 genes and 10,724 transcripts, enriched in non-protein-coding elements at early stages of differentiation. In addition, we found 7881 novel splice junctions and 2301 differentially used alternative splicing events, enriched in genes involved in regulatory processes. We demonstrated experimentally cell-specific isoform usage, identifying nuclear factor I/B (NFIB) as a regulator of megakaryocyte maturation-the platelet precursor. Our data highlight the complexity of fating events in closely related progenitor populations, the understanding of which is essential for the advancement of transplantation and regenerative medicine.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4254742/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4254742/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Chen, Lu -- Kostadima, Myrto -- Martens, Joost H A -- Canu, Giovanni -- Garcia, Sara P -- Turro, Ernest -- Downes, Kate -- Macaulay, Iain C -- Bielczyk-Maczynska, Ewa -- Coe, Sophia -- Farrow, Samantha -- Poudel, Pawan -- Burden, Frances -- Jansen, Sjoert B G -- Astle, William J -- Attwood, Antony -- Bariana, Tadbir -- de Bono, Bernard -- Breschi, Alessandra -- Chambers, John C -- BRIDGE Consortium -- Choudry, Fizzah A -- Clarke, Laura -- Coupland, Paul -- van der Ent, Martijn -- Erber, Wendy N -- Jansen, Joop H -- Favier, Remi -- Fenech, Matthew E -- Foad, Nicola -- Freson, Kathleen -- van Geet, Chris -- Gomez, Keith -- Guigo, Roderic -- Hampshire, Daniel -- Kelly, Anne M -- Kerstens, Hindrik H D -- Kooner, Jaspal S -- Laffan, Michael -- Lentaigne, Claire -- Labalette, Charlotte -- Martin, Tiphaine -- Meacham, Stuart -- Mumford, Andrew -- Nurnberg, Sylvia -- Palumbo, Emilio -- van der Reijden, Bert A -- Richardson, David -- Sammut, Stephen J -- Slodkowicz, Greg -- Tamuri, Asif U -- Vasquez, Louella -- Voss, Katrin -- Watt, Stephen -- Westbury, Sarah -- Flicek, Paul -- Loos, Remco -- Goldman, Nick -- Bertone, Paul -- Read, Randy J -- Richardson, Sylvia -- Cvejic, Ana -- Soranzo, Nicole -- Ouwehand, Willem H -- Stunnenberg, Hendrik G -- Frontini, Mattia -- Rendon, Augusto -- 082961/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- 082961/Z/07/Z/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- 084183/Z/07/Z/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- 095908/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- 100140/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- C45041/A14953/Cancer Research UK/United Kingdom -- FS/12/27/29405/British Heart Foundation/United Kingdom -- MC_UP_0801/1/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- MR/J011711/1/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- MR/K006584/1/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- MR/K023489/1/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- RG/09/012/28096/British Heart Foundation/United Kingdom -- RG/09/12/28096/British Heart Foundation/United Kingdom -- RP-PG-0310-1002/British Heart Foundation/United Kingdom -- RP-PG-0310-1002/Department of Health/United Kingdom -- WT091310/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- WT098051/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Sep 26;345(6204):1251033. doi: 10.1126/science.1251033.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, UK. Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0PT, UK. National Health Service (NHS) Blood and Transplant, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0PT, UK. ; Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0PT, UK. European Molecular Biology Laboratory, European Bioinformatics Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SD, UK. National Health Service (NHS) Blood and Transplant, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0PT, UK. ; Department of Molecular Biology, Radboud University, 6525 GA Nijmegen, Netherlands. ; Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0PT, UK. National Health Service (NHS) Blood and Transplant, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0PT, UK. ; Sanger Institute-EBI Single-Cell Genomics Centre, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, UK. ; Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0PT, UK. National Health Service (NHS) Blood and Transplant, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0PT, UK. Medical Research Council Biostatistics Unit, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0SR, UK. ; Department of Haematology, University College London Cancer Institute, London WC1E 6DD, UK. The Katharine Dormandy Haemophilia Centre and Thrombosis Unit, Royal Free NHS Trust, London NW3 2QG, UK. ; CHIME Institute, University College London, Archway Campus, London NW1 2DA, UK. Auckland Bioengineering Institute, University of Auckland, Auckland 1010, New Zealand. ; Centre for Genomic Regulation and University Pompeu Fabra, 08002 Barcelona, Spain. ; Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, DuCane Road, London W12 0HS, UK. Ealing Hospital NHS Trust, Southall, Middlesex UB1 3HW, UK. ; European Molecular Biology Laboratory, European Bioinformatics Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SD, UK. ; Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, UK. ; Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia 6009, Australia. ; Department of Laboratory Medicine, Laboratory of Hematology, Radboud University Medical Center, 6525 GA Nijmegen, Netherlands. ; Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Paris, INSERM U1009, 94805 Villejuif, France. ; Biomedical Research Centre, Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK. ; Center for Molecular and Vascular Biology, University of Leuven, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. ; The Katharine Dormandy Haemophilia Centre and Thrombosis Unit, Royal Free NHS Trust, London NW3 2QG, UK. ; Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0PT, UK. National Health Service (NHS) Blood and Transplant, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0PT, UK. Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge B2 0QQ, UK. ; Department of Haematology, Hammersmith Campus, Imperial College Academic Health Sciences Centre, Imperial College London, London W12 0HS, UK. ; Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0PT, UK. National Health Service (NHS) Blood and Transplant, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0PT, UK. Department of Twin Research & Genetic Epidemiology, Genetics and Molecular Medicine Division, St Thomas' Hospital, King's College, London SE1 7EH, UK. ; School of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TD, UK. ; Department of Oncology, Addenbrooke's Cambridge University Hospital NHS Trust, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0RE, UK. Cancer Research UK, Cambridge Institute, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0RE, UK. ; National Health Service (NHS) Blood and Transplant, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0PT, UK. ; School of Clinical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol BS2 8DZ, UK. ; European Molecular Biology Laboratory, European Bioinformatics Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SD, UK. Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, UK. ; European Molecular Biology Laboratory, European Bioinformatics Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SD, UK. Genome Biology and Developmental Biology Units, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany. Wellcome Trust-Medical Research Council Stem Cell Institute, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1QR, UK. ; Department of Haematology, Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, University of Cambridge, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0XY, UK. ; Medical Research Council Biostatistics Unit, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0SR, UK. ; Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0PT, UK. Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, UK. ; Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, UK. Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0PT, UK. ; Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0PT, UK. National Health Service (NHS) Blood and Transplant, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0PT, UK. Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, UK. ; Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0PT, UK. National Health Service (NHS) Blood and Transplant, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0PT, UK. ar506@cam.ac.uk mf471@cam.ac.uk. ; Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0PT, UK. National Health Service (NHS) Blood and Transplant, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0PT, UK. Medical Research Council Biostatistics Unit, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0SR, UK. ar506@cam.ac.uk mf471@cam.ac.uk.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25258084" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Alternative Splicing ; Cell Lineage/*genetics ; Genetic Variation ; Hematopoiesis/*genetics ; Hematopoietic Stem Cells/*cytology/metabolism ; Humans ; NFI Transcription Factors/genetics/metabolism ; RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism ; Thrombopoiesis/genetics ; Transcriptome
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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