Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    Publication Date: 2016-02-13
    Description: The proteasome is a multi-component protease complex responsible for regulating key processes such as the cell cycle and antigen presentation. Compounds that target the proteasome are potentially valuable tools for the treatment of pathogens that depend on proteasome function for survival and replication. In particular, proteasome inhibitors have been shown to be toxic for the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum at all stages of its life cycle. Most compounds that have been tested against the parasite also inhibit the mammalian proteasome, resulting in toxicity that precludes their use as therapeutic agents. Therefore, better definition of the substrate specificity and structural properties of the Plasmodium proteasome could enable the development of compounds with sufficient selectivity to allow their use as anti-malarial agents. To accomplish this goal, here we use a substrate profiling method to uncover differences in the specificities of the human and P. falciparum proteasome. We design inhibitors based on amino-acid preferences specific to the parasite proteasome, and find that they preferentially inhibit the beta2-subunit. We determine the structure of the P. falciparum 20S proteasome bound to the inhibitor using cryo-electron microscopy and single-particle analysis, to a resolution of 3.6 A. These data reveal the unusually open P. falciparum beta2 active site and provide valuable information about active-site architecture that can be used to further refine inhibitor design. Furthermore, consistent with the recent finding that the proteasome is important for stress pathways associated with resistance of artemisinin family anti-malarials, we observe growth inhibition synergism with low doses of this beta2-selective inhibitor in artemisinin-sensitive and -resistant parasites. Finally, we demonstrate that a parasite-selective inhibitor could be used to attenuate parasite growth in vivo without appreciable toxicity to the host. Thus, the Plasmodium proteasome is a chemically tractable target that could be exploited by next-generation anti-malarial agents.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4755332/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4755332/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Li, Hao -- O'Donoghue, Anthony J -- van der Linden, Wouter A -- Xie, Stanley C -- Yoo, Euna -- Foe, Ian T -- Tilley, Leann -- Craik, Charles S -- da Fonseca, Paula C A -- Bogyo, Matthew -- MC-UP-1201/5/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- R01 AI078947/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI105106/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01AI078947/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01EB05011/EB/NIBIB NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2016 Feb 11;530(7589):233-6. doi: 10.1038/nature16936.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Chemical and Systems Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305, USA. ; Department of Pathology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305, USA. ; Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94158, USA. ; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Bio21 Institute, University of Melbourne, Melbourne 3010, Victoria, Australia. ; MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Francis Crick Avenue, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0QH, UK.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26863983" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Antimalarials/adverse effects/*chemistry/*pharmacology/toxicity ; Artemisinins/pharmacology ; Catalytic Domain ; Cryoelectron Microscopy ; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug ; *Drug Design ; Drug Resistance ; Drug Synergism ; Enzyme Activation ; Female ; Humans ; Mice ; Mice, Inbred BALB C ; Models, Molecular ; Plasmodium/*drug effects/*enzymology/growth & development ; Plasmodium chabaudi/drug effects/enzymology/physiology ; Plasmodium falciparum/drug effects/enzymology/growth & development ; Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex/chemistry/metabolism/ultrastructure ; Proteasome Inhibitors/adverse effects/*chemistry/*pharmacology/toxicity ; Protein Subunits/antagonists & inhibitors/chemistry/metabolism ; Species Specificity ; Substrate Specificity/drug effects
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Publication Date: 2014-11-29
    Description: DNA interstrand cross-links (ICLs) are highly toxic lesions associated with cancer and degenerative diseases. ICLs can be repaired by the Fanconi anemia (FA) pathway and through FA-independent processes involving the FAN1 nuclease. In this work, FAN1-DNA crystal structures and biochemical data reveal that human FAN1 cleaves DNA successively at every third nucleotide. In vitro, this exonuclease mechanism allows FAN1 to excise an ICL from one strand through flanking incisions. DNA access requires a 5'-terminal phosphate anchor at a nick or a 1- or 2-nucleotide flap and is augmented by a 3' flap, suggesting that FAN1 action is coupled to DNA synthesis or recombination. FAN1's mechanism of ICL excision is well suited for processing other localized DNA adducts as well.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4285437/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4285437/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Wang, Renjing -- Persky, Nicole S -- Yoo, Barney -- Ouerfelli, Ouathek -- Smogorzewska, Agata -- Elledge, Stephen J -- Pavletich, Nikola P -- P30 CA008748/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 HL120922/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- R01HL120922/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Nov 28;346(6213):1127-30. doi: 10.1126/science.1258973.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Structural Biology Program and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA. ; Molecular Pharmacology and Chemistry Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA. ; Laboratory of Genome Maintenance, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10065, USA. ; Department of Genetics and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. Division of Genetics, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA. ; Structural Biology Program and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA. pavletin@mskcc.org.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25430771" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: DNA/biosynthesis/*chemistry/genetics ; DNA Adducts/*chemistry/genetics ; *DNA Repair ; DNA Replication ; Exodeoxyribonucleases/*chemistry/genetics ; Humans ; Nucleic Acid Conformation ; Protein Conformation ; Recombination, Genetic
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Publication Date: 2011-02-08
    Description: Geographic atrophy (GA), an untreatable advanced form of age-related macular degeneration, results from retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE) cell degeneration. Here we show that the microRNA (miRNA)-processing enzyme DICER1 is reduced in the RPE of humans with GA, and that conditional ablation of Dicer1, but not seven other miRNA-processing enzymes, induces RPE degeneration in mice. DICER1 knockdown induces accumulation of Alu RNA in human RPE cells and Alu-like B1 and B2 RNAs in mouse RPE. Alu RNA is increased in the RPE of humans with GA, and this pathogenic RNA induces human RPE cytotoxicity and RPE degeneration in mice. Antisense oligonucleotides targeting Alu/B1/B2 RNAs prevent DICER1 depletion-induced RPE degeneration despite global miRNA downregulation. DICER1 degrades Alu RNA, and this digested Alu RNA cannot induce RPE degeneration in mice. These findings reveal a miRNA-independent cell survival function for DICER1 involving retrotransposon transcript degradation, show that Alu RNA can directly cause human pathology, and identify new targets for a major cause of blindness.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3077055/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3077055/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Kaneko, Hiroki -- Dridi, Sami -- Tarallo, Valeria -- Gelfand, Bradley D -- Fowler, Benjamin J -- Cho, Won Gil -- Kleinman, Mark E -- Ponicsan, Steven L -- Hauswirth, William W -- Chiodo, Vince A -- Kariko, Katalin -- Yoo, Jae Wook -- Lee, Dong-ki -- Hadziahmetovic, Majda -- Song, Ying -- Misra, Smita -- Chaudhuri, Gautam -- Buaas, Frank W -- Braun, Robert E -- Hinton, David R -- Zhang, Qing -- Grossniklaus, Hans E -- Provis, Jan M -- Madigan, Michele C -- Milam, Ann H -- Justice, Nikki L -- Albuquerque, Romulo J C -- Blandford, Alexander D -- Bogdanovich, Sasha -- Hirano, Yoshio -- Witta, Jassir -- Fuchs, Elaine -- Littman, Dan R -- Ambati, Balamurali K -- Rudin, Charles M -- Chong, Mark M W -- Provost, Patrick -- Kugel, Jennifer F -- Goodrich, James A -- Dunaief, Joshua L -- Baffi, Judit Z -- Ambati, Jayakrishna -- NIHU10EY013729/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- P30 EY006360/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- P30 EY014800/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- P30 EY014800-07/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- P30 EY021721/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- P30EY003040/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- P30EY008571/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- P30EY06360/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- R01 EY018350/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- R01 EY018350-05/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- R01 EY018836/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- R01 EY018836-04/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- R01 EY020672/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- R01 EY020672-02/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- R01 GM068414/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01EY001545/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- R01EY011123/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- R01EY015240/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- R01EY015422/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- R01EY017182/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- R01EY017950/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- R01EY018350/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- R01EY018836/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- R01EY020672/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- R01GM068414/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01HD027215/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- R21 EY019778/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- R21 EY019778-02/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- R21AI076757/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R21EY019778/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- RC1 EY020442/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- RC1 EY020442-02/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- RC1EY020442/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- T32HL091812/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2011 Mar 17;471(7338):325-30. doi: 10.1038/nature09830. Epub 2011 Feb 6.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21297615" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Alu Elements/*genetics ; Animals ; Cell Death ; Cell Survival ; Cells, Cultured ; DEAD-box RNA Helicases/*deficiency/genetics/metabolism ; Gene Knockdown Techniques ; Humans ; Macular Degeneration/*genetics/*pathology ; Mice ; MicroRNAs/metabolism ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Oligonucleotides, Antisense ; Phenotype ; RNA/*genetics/*metabolism ; Retinal Pigment Epithelium/enzymology/metabolism/pathology ; Ribonuclease III/*deficiency/genetics/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Publication Date: 2011-07-15
    Description: Neurogenic transcription factors and evolutionarily conserved signalling pathways have been found to be instrumental in the formation of neurons. However, the instructive role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in neurogenesis remains unexplored. We recently discovered that miR-9* and miR-124 instruct compositional changes of SWI/SNF-like BAF chromatin-remodelling complexes, a process important for neuronal differentiation and function. Nearing mitotic exit of neural progenitors, miR-9* and miR-124 repress the BAF53a subunit of the neural-progenitor (np)BAF chromatin-remodelling complex. After mitotic exit, BAF53a is replaced by BAF53b, and BAF45a by BAF45b and BAF45c, which are then incorporated into neuron-specific (n)BAF complexes essential for post-mitotic functions. Because miR-9/9* and miR-124 also control multiple genes regulating neuronal differentiation and function, we proposed that these miRNAs might contribute to neuronal fates. Here we show that expression of miR-9/9* and miR-124 (miR-9/9*-124) in human fibroblasts induces their conversion into neurons, a process facilitated by NEUROD2. Further addition of neurogenic transcription factors ASCL1 and MYT1L enhances the rate of conversion and the maturation of the converted neurons, whereas expression of these transcription factors alone without miR-9/9*-124 was ineffective. These studies indicate that the genetic circuitry involving miR-9/9*-124 can have an instructive role in neural fate determination.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3348862/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3348862/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Yoo, Andrew S -- Sun, Alfred X -- Li, Li -- Shcheglovitov, Aleksandr -- Portmann, Thomas -- Li, Yulong -- Lee-Messer, Chris -- Dolmetsch, Ricardo E -- Tsien, Richard W -- Crabtree, Gerald R -- AI060037/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- F30MH093125/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- GM58234/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- HD55391/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- MH064070/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- NS046789/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- NS24067/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R01 HD055391/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- R01 HD055391-01A1/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- R01 HD055391-02/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- R01 HD055391-03/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- R01 HD055391-04/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- R01 HD055391-05/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- R01 NS046789/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R01 NS046789-06/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R01 NS046789-07/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R01 NS046789-07S1/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R01 NS046789-08/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R01 NS046789-09/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R01 NS046789-09S1/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R01 NS046789-10/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2011 Jul 13;476(7359):228-31. doi: 10.1038/nature10323.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Developmental Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA. yooa@wustl.edu〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21753754" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adult ; Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics/metabolism ; Biomarkers/analysis/metabolism ; Cell Differentiation/*genetics ; Cell Line ; Cell Lineage/genetics ; DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics/metabolism ; Excitatory Postsynaptic Potentials/physiology ; Fibroblasts/*cytology/*metabolism ; Humans ; Infant, Newborn ; MicroRNAs/*genetics/metabolism ; Microtubule-Associated Proteins/analysis/metabolism ; Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics/metabolism ; Neurons/*cytology/*metabolism ; Neuropeptides/genetics/metabolism ; Transcription Factors/genetics/metabolism ; Tubulin/analysis/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    Publication Date: 2012-03-31
    Description: Synchronizing rhythms of behaviour and metabolic processes is important for cardiovascular health and preventing metabolic diseases. The nuclear receptors REV-ERB-alpha and REV-ERB-beta have an integral role in regulating the expression of core clock proteins driving rhythms in activity and metabolism. Here we describe the identification of potent synthetic REV-ERB agonists with in vivo activity. Administration of synthetic REV-ERB ligands alters circadian behaviour and the circadian pattern of core clock gene expression in the hypothalami of mice. The circadian pattern of expression of an array of metabolic genes in the liver, skeletal muscle and adipose tissue was also altered, resulting in increased energy expenditure. Treatment of diet-induced obese mice with a REV-ERB agonist decreased obesity by reducing fat mass and markedly improving dyslipidaemia and hyperglycaemia. These results indicate that synthetic REV-ERB ligands that pharmacologically target the circadian rhythm may be beneficial in the treatment of sleep disorders as well as metabolic diseases.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3343186/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3343186/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Solt, Laura A -- Wang, Yongjun -- Banerjee, Subhashis -- Hughes, Travis -- Kojetin, Douglas J -- Lundasen, Thomas -- Shin, Youseung -- Liu, Jin -- Cameron, Michael D -- Noel, Romain -- Yoo, Seung-Hee -- Takahashi, Joseph S -- Butler, Andrew A -- Kamenecka, Theodore M -- Burris, Thomas P -- DK080201/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- DK088499/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- DK089984/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- MH092769/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- R01 DK073189/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01 DK080201/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01 DK080201-05/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01 MH092769/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- R01 MH092769-02/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- R01 MH093429/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- R01 MH093429-01A1/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2012 Mar 29;485(7396):62-8. doi: 10.1038/nature11030.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Molecular Therapeutics, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, Florida 33458, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22460951" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adipose Tissue/drug effects/metabolism ; Animals ; Biological Clocks/drug effects/genetics/physiology ; Circadian Rhythm/*drug effects/genetics/*physiology ; Disease Models, Animal ; Energy Metabolism/*drug effects ; HEK293 Cells ; Humans ; Hypothalamus/drug effects/metabolism ; Liver/drug effects/metabolism ; Metabolome/drug effects ; Mice ; Mice, Inbred BALB C ; Mice, Inbred C57BL ; Muscle, Skeletal/drug effects/metabolism ; Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group D, Member 1/*antagonists & ; inhibitors/metabolism ; Obesity/chemically induced/drug therapy/metabolism ; Pyrrolidines/*pharmacology ; Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear/*antagonists & inhibitors/metabolism ; Repressor Proteins/*antagonists & inhibitors/metabolism ; Thiophenes/*pharmacology
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    Publication Date: 2012-06-02
    Description: The circadian clock in mammals is driven by an autoregulatory transcriptional feedback mechanism that takes approximately 24 hours to complete. A key component of this mechanism is a heterodimeric transcriptional activator consisting of two basic helix-loop-helix PER-ARNT-SIM (bHLH-PAS) domain protein subunits, CLOCK and BMAL1. Here, we report the crystal structure of a complex containing the mouse CLOCK:BMAL1 bHLH-PAS domains at 2.3 A resolution. The structure reveals an unusual asymmetric heterodimer with the three domains in each of the two subunits--bHLH, PAS-A, and PAS-B--tightly intertwined and involved in dimerization interactions, resulting in three distinct protein interfaces. Mutations that perturb the observed heterodimer interfaces affect the stability and activity of the CLOCK:BMAL1 complex as well as the periodicity of the circadian oscillator. The structure of the CLOCK:BMAL1 complex is a starting point for understanding at an atomic level the mechanism driving the mammalian circadian clock.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3694778/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3694778/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Huang, Nian -- Chelliah, Yogarany -- Shan, Yongli -- Taylor, Clinton A -- Yoo, Seung-Hee -- Partch, Carrie -- Green, Carla B -- Zhang, Hong -- Takahashi, Joseph S -- R01 GM081875/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01 GM090247/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2012 Jul 13;337(6091):189-94. doi: 10.1126/science.1222804. Epub 2012 May 31.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22653727" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: ARNTL Transcription Factors/*chemistry/genetics/metabolism ; Amino Acid Sequence ; Animals ; CLOCK Proteins/*chemistry/genetics/metabolism ; Cells, Cultured ; *Circadian Rhythm ; Crystallography, X-Ray ; DNA/metabolism ; HEK293 Cells ; Helix-Loop-Helix Motifs ; Humans ; Mice ; Models, Molecular ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Mutant Proteins/chemistry/metabolism ; Protein Binding ; Protein Interaction Domains and Motifs ; Protein Multimerization ; Protein Structure, Quaternary ; Protein Structure, Secondary ; Protein Structure, Tertiary ; Protein Subunits/chemistry/metabolism ; Static Electricity ; *Transcriptional Activation
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    Publication Date: 2011-11-22
    Description: Tissue wounding induces the rapid recruitment of leukocytes. Wounds and tumours--a type of 'unhealed wound'--generate hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) through an NADPH oxidase (NOX). This extracellular H(2)O(2) mediates recruitment of leukocytes, particularly the first responders of innate immunity, neutrophils, to injured tissue. However, the sensor that neutrophils use to detect the redox state at wounds is unknown. Here we identify the Src family kinase (SFK) Lyn as a redox sensor that mediates initial neutrophil recruitment to wounds in zebrafish larvae. Lyn activation in neutrophils is dependent on wound-derived H(2)O(2) after tissue injury, and inhibition of Lyn attenuates neutrophil wound recruitment. Inhibition of SFKs also disrupted H(2)O(2)-mediated chemotaxis of primary human neutrophils. In vitro analysis identified a single cysteine residue, C466, as being responsible for direct oxidation-mediated activation of Lyn. Furthermore, transgenic-tissue-specific reconstitution with wild-type Lyn and a cysteine mutant revealed that Lyn C466 is important for the neutrophil wound response and downstream signalling in vivo. This is the first identification, to our knowledge, of a physiological redox sensor that mediates leukocyte wound attraction in multicellular organisms.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3228893/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3228893/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Yoo, Sa Kan -- Starnes, Taylor W -- Deng, Qing -- Huttenlocher, Anna -- 5T32 HL07899/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- F30 HL114143/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- GM074827/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01 GM074827/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01 GM074827-08/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2011 Nov 20;480(7375):109-12. doi: 10.1038/nature10632.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Program in Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22101434" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Cells, Cultured ; HEK293 Cells ; Humans ; Hydrogen Peroxide/metabolism ; Larva ; Neutrophils/*enzymology ; *Oxidation-Reduction ; Wounds and Injuries/*enzymology ; Zebrafish/metabolism/*physiology ; Zebrafish Proteins/*metabolism ; src-Family Kinases/*metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...