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  • Hyaluronic acid-binding protein  (2)
  • ACh  (1)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1106
    Keywords: Noradrenergic hyperactivity ; NE ; ACh ; Fornix section ; DSP4 ; Spatial memory ; Alzheimer's disease ; Rat
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Rats with unilateral or bilateral partial section of the fornix were impaired on an eight arm radial maze task. Neurochemical analysis of hippocampal tissue four weeks after the lesions revealed a 50% reduction of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) activity. The cholinergic marker was correlated negatively with the number of errors in the maze; the lower the ChAT activity, the higher the error score. The fornix lesion also induced a 50% reduction in norepinephrine (NE), but no change in the noradrenergic metabolite methylhydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG), suggesting a net increase in turnover of NE in these animals. Additional lesion of the noradrenergic system with the neurotoxin DSP4 reduced both MHPG and NE levels by more than 90%, compared to nonlesioned controls, and reversed the behavioral deficit. This treatment had no further effect on cholinergic markers. There was a significant negative correlation between ChAT activity and the index of NE turnover, suggesting that hyperactivity in the noradrenergic system after fornix section inhibits the spared cholinergic function and thus exacerbates the cognitive deficit. The pattern of neurochemical results bear a striking resemblance to those seen in some Alzheimer's patients and suggest that an equilibrium among neurotransmitters is important to cognitive function.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Keywords: Hyaluronan ; Hyaluronic acid-binding protein ; Microwaye fixation ; Histochemistry ; Urogenital tract ; Reproductive organs ; Rat (Sprague Dawley)
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The histochemical distribution of hyaluronan was analysed in various urogenital organs of male and female (non-pregnant and pregnant) rats by use of a hyaluronan-binding protein and avidin biotin/peroxidase staining. Microwave-aided fixation was used to preserve the extracellular location of hyaluronan. The concentrations of hyaluronan in the different tissues were measured with a highly sensitive radio-assay. Hyaluronan accumulated predominantly in the connective tissue around smooth muscle fibres and in the subepithelial lamina propria. Abundant hyaluronan also occurred in perivascular and perineural connective tissue. In the female urogenital organs, hyaluronan content was high in the vagina and urinary bladder, and highest in the vagina during pregnancy. In the uterus, the surface epithelium of the endometrium stained intensely. In the ovary, the zona pellucida of the oocyte and the theca interna cell layer of the follicles and the follicular fluid of mature follicles exhibited prominent staining. The corpus luteum was devoid of hyaluronan, whereas enlarged corpora lutea of pregnancy exhibited weak, patchy staining. In male urogenital organs, staining for hyaluronan was absent from the testis and epididymis, whereas the erectile connective tissue of the penis stained intensely. The hyaluronan concentrations were high in penile tissue and urinary bladder, while testis, epididymis and the ductus deferens contained only little hyaluronan.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Keywords: Key words: Hyaluronan ; Hyaluronic acid-binding protein ; Microwave fixation ; Histochemistry ; Urogenital tract ; Reproductive organs ; Rat (Sprague Dawley)
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. The histochemical distribution of hyaluronan was analysed in various urogenital organs of male and female (non-pregnant and pregnant) rats by use of a hyaluronan-binding protein and avidin biotin/peroxidase staining. Microwave-aided fixation was used to preserve the extracellular location of hyaluronan. The concentrations of hyaluronan in the different tissues were measured with a highly sensitive radio-assay. Hyaluronan accumulated predominantly in the connective tissue around smooth muscle fibres and in the subepithelial lamina propria. Abundant hyaluronan also occurred in perivascular and perineural connective tissue. In the female urogenital organs, hyaluronan content was high in the vagina and urinary bladder, and highest in the vagina during pregnancy. In the uterus, the surface epithelium of the endometrium stained intensely. In the ovary, the zona pellucida of the oocyte and the theca interna cell layer of the follicles and the follicular fluid of mature follicles exhibited prominent staining. The corpus luteum was devoid of hyaluronan, whereas enlarged corpora lutea of pregnancy exhibited weak, patchy staining. In male urogenital organs, staining for hyaluronan was absent from the testis and epididymis, whereas the erectile connective tissue of the penis stained intensely. The hyaluronan concentrations were high in penile tissue and urinary bladder, while testis, epididymis and the ductus deferens contained only little hyaluronan.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
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