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  • Hydrido complexes  (9)
  • Rhodium complexes  (5)
  • rhodium  (3)
  • 1
    ISSN: 0009-2940
    Keywords: Cyclopentadienyl anion, substituted ; Cobalt complexes ; Rhodium complexes ; Iridium complexes ; Bis(cyclopentadienyl)methane dianion as bridging ligand ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Bis(cyclopentadienyl)methane-bridged Dinuclear Complexes, V[1]. - Heteronuclear Co/Rh-, Co/Ir-, Rh/Ir-, and Ti/Ir Complexes with the Bis(cyclopentadienyl)methane Dianion as Bridging Ligand*The lithium and sodium salts of the [C5H5CH2C5H4]- anion, 1 and 2, react with [Co(CO)4I], [Rh(CO)2Cl]2, and [Ir(CO)3Cl]n to give predominantly the mononuclear complexes [(C5H5-CH2C5H4)M(CO)2] (3, 5, 7) together with small amounts of the dinuclear compounds [CH2(C5H4)2][M(CO)2]2 (4, 6, 8). The 1H- and 13C-NMR spectra of 3, 5, and 7 prove that the CH2C5H5 substituent is linked to the π-bonded ring in two isomeric forms. Metalation of 5 and 7 with nBuLi affords the lithiated derivatives 9 and 10 from which on reaction with [Co(CO)4I], [Rh(CO)2Cl]2, and [C5H5TiCl3] the heteronuclear complexes [CH2(C5H4)2][M(CO)2][M′(CO)2] (11-13) and [CH2(C5H4)2]-[Ir(CO)2][C5H5TiCl2] (17) are obtained. Photolysis of 11 and 12 leads almost quantitatively to the formation of the CO-bridged compounds [CH2(C5H4)2][M(CO)(μ-CO)M′(CO)] (14, 15). According to an X-ray crystal structure analysis the Co/Rh complex 14 is isostructural to [CH2(C5H4)2][Rh2(CO)2(μ-CO)] (16).
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0009-2940
    Keywords: Dinuclear rhodium and iridium complexes ; Bis(cyclopentadienyl)methane dianion as bridging ligand ; Substitution and bridge-splitting reactions ; Rhodium complexes ; Iridium complexes ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Bis(cyclopentadienyl)methane-Bridged Dinuclear Complexes, IV[1].  -  Synthesis, Structure, and Reactivity of Dinuclear Rhodium and Iridium Complexes in the Oxidation State +I and +III with the Bis(cyclopentadienyl)methane Dianion as Bridging LigandThe rhodium compounds [CH2(C5H4)2][Rh(L)(C2H4)]2 (2, 4) were prepared from [RhCl(L)(C2H4)]2 (1, 3) and CH2(C5H4)2Li2 in 92 and 73% yield, respectively. The reaction of 4 with Cl2, Br2, and I2 led to the almost quantitative formation of the dihalogeno derivatives [CH2(C5H4)2][RhX2(PiPr3)]2 (6-8), which on treatment with excess NaBH4 and methanol gave the dihydride [CH2(C5H4)2][RhH2(PiPr3)]2 (10). From [RhCl(C8H14)2]2 (12), PiPr3, and CH2(C5H5)2 the chloro(hydrido)rhodium complex [CH2(C5H4)2][RhH(Cl)(PiPr3)]2 (13) was obtained. Protonation of 10 with CF3CO2H in the presence of NH4PF6 gave the PF6 salt of the hydrido-bridged cation {[CH2(C5H4)2]-[RhH(PiPr3)]2(μ-H)}+ (14) of which the crystal structure was determined. In solution, fluxional behavior of the cation was observed. The dimethyl compound [CH2(C5H4)2][Rh(CH3)2-(PiPr3)]2 (17), prepared from 6, 7, or 8 and LiCH3 or CH3MgI in 80% yield, reacted with CF3CO2H at  -  78° C to give the tri-fluoroacetato derivative 18; this on treatment with P(OMe)3 and dmpe formed the dicationic complexes 19 and 20, respectively. The dinuclear iridium compounds [CH2(C5H4)2]-[Ir(olefin)2]2 (26, 27) and [CH2(C5H4)2][Ir(C8H12)]2 (28) were prepared from [IrCl(L)2]2 (23-25) and CH2(C5H4)2Li2 and used for the synthesis of {[CH2(C5H4)2][IrX2]2}n (29, 30). Compounds 29 and 30 served as starting materials for the preparation of the dinuclear derivatives [CH2(C5H4)2][IrX2(L)]2 (31-34) and {[CH2(C5H4)2][IrBr2]2(μ-dipy)} (35) and finally also for the dihydrido complex [CH2(C5H4)2][IrH2(PiPr3)]2 (36).
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0947-6539
    Keywords: antimony ; arene complexes ; diene complexes ; rhodium ; ylides ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The first representatives of phosphino(stibino)methanes R2PCH2Sb-R′2 (3-5) with bulky alkyl or cycloalkyl groups R and R′ were prepared in two steps from Ph3SnCH2I via the isolated stannylated phosphanes Ph3SnCH2PR2 (1, 2) as intermediates. X-ray structural analysis of 5 (R = C6H11, R′ = tBu) reveals that the lone pairs and the substituents R and R′ at phosphorus and antimony and the hydrogen atoms of the CH2 bridge adopt staggered conformations. Treatment of [{C8H12RhCl}2] with 3-5 affords the neutral compounds [Rh-Cl(η4-C8H12)(κ-P-R2PCH2SbR′2)] (6-8), of which 7 and 8 react with CH3MgI to give the corresponding methylrhodium derivatives [RhCH3(η4-C8H12)(κ-P-R2-PCH2SbR′2)] (9, 10). Cationic complexes [Rh(η4-C8H12)(η2-P,Sb-R2PCH2SbR′2)]-X (X = PF6: 11a, 12a, 13; X = BPh4: 11b, 12b) containing the phosphino(stibino)methanes as chelating ligands were obtained either from [{C8H12RhCl}2], R2PCH2SbR′2 and MX, or (for 13) from 8 and AgPF6. Compound 12a (R = iPr, R′ = tBu) was characterized by X-ray crystallography. The PF6 salts 11a, 12a, and 13 react with CH2N2 by insertion of CH2 into the Rh-Sb bond to yield the complexes 14-16, the first examples of transition-metal compounds with Sb ylides as ligands. Treatment of BPh4 salts 11b and 12b with H2 gives the half-sand-wich-type complexes [(η6-C6H5BPh3)Rh(κ2-P,Sb-R2PCH2SbR′2)] (17, 18), in which the tetraphenylborate is coordinated like a substituted arene to the metal center.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0947-6539
    Keywords: carbene complexes ; C—C coupling ; diazo compounds ; ligand effects ; rhodium ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: A synthetic methodology to obtain square-planar carbenerhodium(I) complexes of the general composition trans-[RhCl(=CRR′)(L)2] where L is a tertiary phosphane, arsane, or stibane has been developed. The starting material trans-[RhCl(C2H4)(SbiPr3)2] (3) reacts with diazoalkanes RR′CN2 [RR′ = Ph2, Ph(C6H4X), (C6H4X)2, Ph(CF3), C12H8] under mild conditions to give the compounds trans-[RhCl(=CRR′)(SbiPr3)2] (4-11) almost quantitatively. On treatment of 3 with EtO2CCHN2 and PhC(N2)C(O)R, the olefinrhodium and diazoalkanerhodium compounds trans-[RhCl{(E)-C2H2(CO2Et)2}(SbiPr3)2] (12) and trans-[RhCl{N2C(R)C(O)Ph}(SbiPr3)2] (13, 14) are obtained instead of carbene complexes. Displacement of the SbiPr3 ligands in 4 (R = R′ = Ph) by PiPr3, PiPr2Ph, PiPrPh2, PPh3, PPh2Me, AsiPr3, and SbEt3 leads to the corresponding carbene complexes trans-[RhCl-(=CPh2)(L)2] (15-21) in high yields. The results of the X-ray crystal structure analyses of 4 and 15 (L = PiPr3) illustrate that the different donor - acceptor properties of SbiPr3 and PiPr3 have little influence on the Rh—C bond length. The reactions of 4 and 15 with CO and CNtBu afford, by metal-assisted C—C coupling, diphenylketene Ph2C=C=O (23) and the corresponding imine Ph2C=C=NtBu (26). On treatment of 4 and 15 with ethene, however, two different olefinic products, 3,3-diphenyl-1-propene (31) and 1,1-diphenyl-1-propene (32), are formed. Compound 15 reacts with KBr, NaOPh, and NaC5H5 by substitution of the chloride to give trans-[RhBr(=CPh2)-(PiPr3)2] (33), trans-[Rh(OPh)(=CPh2)-(PiPr3)2] (34) and [C5H5Rh(=CPh2)-(PiPr3)] (35), and with HCl by oxidative addition to yield [RhCl2(CHPh2)-(PiPr3)2](36).
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1434-1948
    Keywords: Osmium ; Carbene complexes ; Hydrido complexes ; Diazoalkane complexes ; Vinyl complexes ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The five-coordinate compound [OsHCl(CO)(PiPr3)2] (1) reacts with CH2N2 and other diazoalkanes RCHN2 (R = Ph, CO2Et, SiMe3) in ether or toluene at 25 °C to give instead of the expected insertion products [Os(CH2R)Cl(CO)(PiPr3)2] the isomeric hydrido(carbene)osmium(II) complexes [OsHCl(=CHR)(CO)(PiPr3)2] (2-5) in excellent yields. With Me3SiCHN2 as the substrate, the 1:1 adduct [OsHCl(N2CHSiMe3)(CO)(PiPr3)2] (6) was detected at low temperature as an intermediate. The reactions of 1 with Ph2CN2 and Cl4C5N2 afford the hydrido(diazoalkane)compounds [OsHCl(N2CR2)(CO)(PiPr3)2] (7, 8), which are quite stable and do not eliminate N2 to give the corresponding hydrido(carbene)metal derivatives. Treatment of 3 (R = Ph) with either HCl or HBF4/H2O leads to the cleavage of the Os-H bond and results in the formation of [OsCl2(=CHPh)(CO)(PiPr3)2] (10) and [OsCl(=CHPh)(OH2)(CO)(PiPr3)2]BF4 (11), respectively. The vinyl compound [OsCl(CH=CHPh)(CO)(PiPr3)2] (12) behaves similarly to 1 and affords the carbene complex [OsCl(CH=CHPh)(=CHPh)(CO)(PiPr3)2] (13) upon treatment with PhCHN2. Compound 13 rearranges in solution at room temperature to give the π-allyl complex [Os(η3-PhCHCHCHPh)Cl(CO)(PiPr3)2] (14) as the dominating species. The crystal and molecular structures of 4, 5, 10, and 11 have been determined by X-ray crystallography.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0947-6539
    Keywords: allyl complexes ; butadienes ; C-C coupling ; rhodium ; vinylidene complexes ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: In the first part of this work, a general method for the preparation of aryl, methyl, vinyl and alkynyl(vinyl-idene)rhodium(I) complexes trans-[Rh(R')-(=C=CHR)(PiPr3)2] (8-14, 18-22) and trans-[Rh(R')(=C=CMe2)(PiPr3)2] (16, 17) from the corresponding chloro(vinyl-idene) derivatives and Grignard reagents is described. Whilst compounds 8 and 10-13 react with pyridine to give trans-[Rh(C≡CR)(py)(PiPr3)2] (23-25) by elimination of R'H, treatment of 8-11, 16, and 18 with carbon monoxide yields the square-planar η1-vinyl and η1-butadienylrhodiumcarbonyl complexes trans-[Rh{η1-(Z)-C(R')=CHR}(CO)(PiPr3)2] (27-32). The reaction of 8 or 18 with methyl or tert-butylisocyanide leads stereoselectively to the isocyaniderhodium(I) compounds trans- [Rh{η1-(Z)-C(R)=CHPh}(CNR') (PiPr3)2] (33-35). Acid-induced cleavage of the rhodium-carbon σ bond of 27, 30, or 31 with CH3CO2H gives trans-[Rh(η1-O2CCH3)-(CO)(PiPr3)2] (38) and the corresponding olefin or diene, respectively. In the absence of a Lewis base such as pyridine, CO, or CNR', compounds 18-20 rearrange in benzene at 40-50 °C to afford the isomeric π-allyl complexes [Rh(η3-1-RC3H4)(PiPr3)2] (40-42) almost quantitatively. The vinyl(vinylidene) compounds 11 and 12 also undergo an intramolecular rearrangement that leads to the η3-2,3,4-butadienyl- or to the alkynyl(ethene)rhodium(I) isomers, depending on the reaction conditions. In an analogous manner to the η1-vinyl-and η1-butadienyl(carbonyl) derivatives 27, 30, and 31, the π-allyl and π-butadienyl complexes also react with acetic acid to give [Rh(η1-O2CCH3)(PiPr3)2] (47) and the respective olefin.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1434-1948
    Keywords: Ruthenium ; Terminal alkynes ; Carbene complexes ; Hydrido complexes ; Vinylidene complexes ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The dichlorodihydridoruthenium(IV) compound [RuH2Cl2(PiPr3)2] (4) was prepared from [RuCl2(C8H12)]n (3), PiPr3, and H2 in 2-butanol via the chlorohydridoruthenium(II) derivative [RuHCl(H2)(PiPr3)2] (5) as an intermediate. The synthesis of 5 was achieved under similar conditions from 3, PiPr3, H2, and 2-butanol in the presence of NEt3. Compound 4, which was characterized by X-ray crystal structure analysis, reacts with excess phenylacetylene to give the phenylvinylidene complex [RuCl2(=C=CHPh)(PiPr3)2] (7) and with propargylic alcohols or derivatives thereof to afford the vinylcarbene complexes [RuCl2(=CHCH=CR2)(PiPr3)2] (9, 10), respectively. From 5 and terminal alkynes RC≡CH the chlorohydridovinylidene compounds [RuHCl(=C=CHR)(PiPr3)2] (11, 12) were obtained. The phenylvinylidene complex [RuCl2(=C=CHPh)(PCy3)2] (15) was prepared from phenylacetylene and either [RuH2Cl2(PCy3)2] (14) or one of the carbene deriva-tives [RuCl2(=CHR)(PCy3)2] (16, 17) as starting materials. The X-ray crystal structure analysis of 15 confirms a distorted square-pyramidal geometry with the vinylidene ligand in the apical position. The interconversion of 4 to 5 and of the tricyclohexylphosphane counterparts 14 to 13 was achieved by hydrogen transfer from 2-propanol in the presence of PR3. The reverse reaction occurs upon treatment of 5 or 13 with the corresponding phosphonium salt [HPR3]Cl or HCl, respectively.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1434-1948
    Keywords: Osmium ; Alkynes ; Carbyne complexes ; Hydrido complexes ; Vinylidene complexes ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The reaction of OsCl3·2H2O with PCy3 leads under reducing conditions either to [OsH6(PCy3)2] (1) or [OsH2Cl2(PCy3)2] (2). Treatment of 2 with terminal alkynes HC≡CR (R = Ph, SiMe3) affords the carbynehydrido complexes [OsHCl2(≡CCH2R)(PCy3)2] (4, 5), of which 5 (R = SiMe3) is easily converted with traces of water into [OsHCl2(≡CCH3)(PCy3)2] (6). Compound 4 (R = Ph) reacts with NaOMe to yield the vinylidenehydridoosmium(II) complex [OsHCl(=C=CHPh)(PCy3)2] (7) which upon treatment with HBF4/OEt2 gives the five-coordinate cationic species [OsHCl(≡CCH2Ph)(PCy3)2]-BF4 (8). The reaction of [OsH3Cl(PCy3)2] (9) with HC≡CC(CH3)2Cl affords a mixture of [OsHCl2(≡CCH=CMe2)(PCy3)2] (10) and [OsCl2(H2)(=CHCH=CMe2)(PCy3)2] (11). Compound 11 is quite labile and by elimination of H2 gives 10. The molecular structure of 10 has been determined by X-ray crystallography.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1434-1948
    Keywords: Carbene complexes ; Carbonyl complexes ; Diazoalkanes ; Hydrido complexes ; Ruthenium ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The five-coordinate compound [RuHCl(CO)(PiPr2Ph)2] (1), which was prepared from RuCl3· 3 H2O and PiPr2Ph in methanol in the presence of NEt3, reacts with CO and with diazoalkanes RCHN2 (R = Ph, H) to give the six-coordinate complexes [RuHCl(CO)2(PiPr2Ph)2] (4) and [RuHCl(CO)(=CHR)(PiPr2Ph)2] (5, 6), respectively. If the reaction of 1 with CH2N2, which at -78 °C affords 6, is carried out at room temperature, the ionic compound [MePiPr2Ph][RuHCl2(CO)(PiPr2Ph)2] (7) is formed. The corresponding PPN salt was obtained from 1 and [PPN]Cl. The X-ray crystal structure analysis of 7 revealed, that the anionic species [RuHCl2(CO)(PiPr2Ph)2]- contains the chloro ligands in cis and the phosphanes in trans disposition. The Ru=CH2 bond of compound 6 is quite labile and, therefore, the CH2 unit is easily displaced by CO or pyridine. From 1 and pyridine, an isomeric mixture of [RuHCl(CO)(py)(PiPr2Ph)2] (9a, b) is formed. Treatment of 1 with HC≡CR (R = H, Ph) yields the five-coordinate vinylruthenium(II) complexes [Ru(CH=CHR)Cl(CO)(PiPr2Ph)2] (12, 13) by insertion of the alkyne into the Ru-H bond. The preparation of [RuHX(CO)-(PiPr2Ph)2] (X = CF3CO2, I) is also reported.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 0009-2940
    Keywords: Rhodium complexes ; Molecular structure ; square-planar ; Hydrogenation reactions ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Bis(triisopropylphosphane)rhodium Dichloride: Formation and StructureThe mononuclear rhodium(II) complex trans-[RhCl2(PiPr3)2] (4) has been obtained from [RhCl(PiPr3)2]n (3) and CCl4. The X-ray structural analysis of 4 reveals a square-planar coordination at the metal center. Reaction of 4 with H2 leads to the formation of the monohydrido compound [RhHCl2(PiPr3)2] (7) which on further treatment with H2 in the presence of Na[N(SiMe3)2] gives the dihydride [RhH2Cl(PiPr3)2] (8). Complex 7 has also been prepared from 3 and HCl.
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