Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics
Description / Table of Contents:
Fibrous Protein Structures: Hierarchy, History and Heroes -- Coiled-coil design: updated and upgraded -- Functional and Structural Roles of Coiled Coils -- The Structure and Topology of α-Helical Coiled Coils -- Structural Transition of Trichocyte Keratin Intermediate Filaments During Development in the Hair Follicle -- Crystallographic studies of intermediate filament proteins -- Lessons from animal models of cytoplasmic intermediate filament proteins -- Filamentous Structure of Hard β-Keratins in the Epidermal Appendages of Birds and Reptiles -- Tropomyosin Structure, Function, and Interactions: A Dynamic Regulator -- Titin and Nebulin in Thick and Thin Filament Length Regulation -- Myosin and Actin Filaments in Muscle: Structures and Interactions -- Dystrophin and spectrin, two highly dissimilar sisters of the same family -- Fibrin Formation, Structure and Properties -- Fibrillar collagens -- Recombinant structural proteins and their use in future materials -- Properties of engineered and fabricated silks -- Biomaterials Made from Coiled Coil Peptides -- Bioengineered Collagens
This book provides the readers with an up-to-date review of the design, structure and function of a representative selection of fibrous proteins in both health and disease. The importance of the α-helical coiled coil, a conformational motif based on the heptad repeat in the amino acid sequence of all α-fibrous proteins (and parts of some globular proteins) is underlined by three Chapters devoted to its design, structure, function and topology. Specific proteins covered in the text and which depend on the coiled coil for their structure and function, include the intermediate filament proteins, tropomyosin, myosin, paramyosin, fibrin and members of the spectrin superfamily. Also described are fibrous proteins based on the β-pleated sheet and collagen conformations. Recombinant structural proteins, especially of silk and collagen, are discussed in the context of developing new biomaterials with varied applications. Established researchers and postgraduate students in the fields of protein chemistry, biochemistry and structural biophysics will find Fibrous Proteins: Structures and Mechanisms to be an invaluable collection of topical reviews that describe the basic advances made in the field of fibrous proteins over the past decade. This book, written by recognized authorities in the field, provides a clear account of the current status of fibrous protein research and, in addition, establishes the basis for deciding the most appropriate directions for future activity, including the applications of protein engineering and the commercial exploitation of new biomaterials
VIII, 629 p. 154 illus., 123 illus. in color. : online resource.