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  • Immunocytochemistry  (2)
  • AAV2 VECTORS  (1)
  • biventricular pacing
  • 1
    Keywords: PEPTIDE ; CELLS ; EXPRESSION ; CELL ; Germany ; human ; IN-VIVO ; THERAPY ; VIVO ; SAMPLE ; SAMPLES ; INFECTION ; SERA ; DOMAIN ; BINDING ; LIMITATION ; antibodies ; antibody ; NEUTRALIZING ANTIBODIES ; virus ; IDENTIFICATION ; VECTORS ; VECTOR ; EFFICIENT ; TRAFFICKING ; REGION ; REGIONS ; SURFACE ; EPITOPE ; EPITOPES ; PREVALENCE ; adeno-associated virus ; TYPE-2 ; ADENOVIRUS ; AAV ; AAV2 VECTORS ; AFFINITY ; CANINE PARVOVIRUS ; DOMAINS ; EMPTY CAPSIDS ; NEUTRALIZATION ; immunogenic epitopes ; AAV antibodies ; human serum sampl
    Abstract: The high prevalence of human serum antibodies against adeno-associated virus type 2 (AAV) vectors represents a potential limitation for in vivo applications. Consequently, the development of AAV vectors able to escape antibody binding and neutralization is of importance. To identify capsid domains which contain major immunogenic epitopes, six AAV capsid mutants carrying peptide insertions in surface exposed loop regions (I-261, I-381, I-447, I-534, I-573, I-587) were analyzed. Two of these mutants, I-534 and I-573, showed an up to 70% reduced affinity for AAV antibodies as compared to wild-type AAV in the majority of serum samples. In addition, AAV mutant I-587 but not wild-type AAV efficiently transduced cells despite the presence of neutralizing antisera. Taken together, the results show that major neutralizing effects of human AAV antisera might be overcome by the use of AAV capsid mutants
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 14625569
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1572-8595
    Keywords: biatrial pacing ; biventricular pacing ; pacemaker indication ; coronary sinus electrodes
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The artificial activation of the heart modifies the mechanics of contraction and relaxation. While only little basic research has been addressed to this question, clinical observations showed that for hypertrophic as well as dilated cardiomyopathies appropriate pacing techniques can be useful. Pacing can influence the activation sequence. The spread out from a single site is slow, and so hypercontractility deminshed. With the use of multiple electrodes, two atrial and/or two ventricular, conduction delays in the atria or ventricles can be eliminated. Synchronisation of the cardiac activation has an anti-arrhythmic and positiv inotropic effect. This may lead to new indications for pacemakers or better to be named cardiac synchronisers.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Keywords: S-100 protein ; Folliculo-stellate cells ; Normal human pituitary, anterior lobe ; Immunocytochemistry
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary With the use of an anti-human S-100 protein antibody, it was possible to reveal a characteristic cell type in the anterior lobe of the normal human pituitary. These cells, so-called folliculo-stellate cells, were present in all pituitaries studied but their number varied from one gland to another. Immunoreactive cells, isolated or grouped, were arranged close to various secretory granulated cells. Especially by use of double immunoenzymatic labeling, it was evident that these cells are spatially related either to somatotropes, prolactin cells and “corticotropes”, or to glycoprotein-containing cells. Such immunoreactive cells were rare or absent in pseudo-follicular arrangements of secretory granulated cells. Since it is now possible to identify this cell type by light microscopy and since no reliable functional significance is known, it seems more advisable to term this cell type “stellate cell” instead of “folliculostellate cell”.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Keywords: S-100 protein (human, bovine) ; Folliculo stellate cells ; Adenohypophysis ; Immunocytochemistry ; Monkeys (Macaca irus, Cercopithecus aethiops)
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary With the use of an antibody against bovine S-100 protein, it was possible to reveal a characteristic cell type in the pars distalis and the pars tuberalis of the monkey Macaca irus. In the adenohypophysis of Cercopithecus aethiops, labeled cells were present in the pars distalis, pars tuberalis, and pars intermedia. These cells, so-called folliculo-stellate cells, were found in all pituitaries studied. Surprisingly, an antibody against human S-100 protein did not label the stellate cells of the adenohypophysis. However, in Macaca irus, this antibody gave a strong positive reaction with various other cell types (interstitial cells of the pineal gland, Müller cells of the retina, autonomic ganglionic cells, glial cells of the central nervous system, Schwann cells, Bergmann glia of the cerebellum, fat cells, reticular cells of lymphoid organs). By use of double immunoenzymatic labeling, it was evident that stellate cells are spatially related either to somatotropes, prolactin cells, “corticotropes”, or to glycoprotein-containing cells. Thus, a specific relationship to a particular endocrine-cell type could not be observed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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