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  • Immunocytochemistry  (2)
  • biventricular pacing
  • 1
    ISSN: 1572-8595
    Keywords: biatrial pacing ; biventricular pacing ; pacemaker indication ; coronary sinus electrodes
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The artificial activation of the heart modifies the mechanics of contraction and relaxation. While only little basic research has been addressed to this question, clinical observations showed that for hypertrophic as well as dilated cardiomyopathies appropriate pacing techniques can be useful. Pacing can influence the activation sequence. The spread out from a single site is slow, and so hypercontractility deminshed. With the use of multiple electrodes, two atrial and/or two ventricular, conduction delays in the atria or ventricles can be eliminated. Synchronisation of the cardiac activation has an anti-arrhythmic and positiv inotropic effect. This may lead to new indications for pacemakers or better to be named cardiac synchronisers.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Keywords: S-100 protein ; Folliculo-stellate cells ; Normal human pituitary, anterior lobe ; Immunocytochemistry
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary With the use of an anti-human S-100 protein antibody, it was possible to reveal a characteristic cell type in the anterior lobe of the normal human pituitary. These cells, so-called folliculo-stellate cells, were present in all pituitaries studied but their number varied from one gland to another. Immunoreactive cells, isolated or grouped, were arranged close to various secretory granulated cells. Especially by use of double immunoenzymatic labeling, it was evident that these cells are spatially related either to somatotropes, prolactin cells and “corticotropes”, or to glycoprotein-containing cells. Such immunoreactive cells were rare or absent in pseudo-follicular arrangements of secretory granulated cells. Since it is now possible to identify this cell type by light microscopy and since no reliable functional significance is known, it seems more advisable to term this cell type “stellate cell” instead of “folliculostellate cell”.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Keywords: S-100 protein (human, bovine) ; Folliculo stellate cells ; Adenohypophysis ; Immunocytochemistry ; Monkeys (Macaca irus, Cercopithecus aethiops)
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary With the use of an antibody against bovine S-100 protein, it was possible to reveal a characteristic cell type in the pars distalis and the pars tuberalis of the monkey Macaca irus. In the adenohypophysis of Cercopithecus aethiops, labeled cells were present in the pars distalis, pars tuberalis, and pars intermedia. These cells, so-called folliculo-stellate cells, were found in all pituitaries studied. Surprisingly, an antibody against human S-100 protein did not label the stellate cells of the adenohypophysis. However, in Macaca irus, this antibody gave a strong positive reaction with various other cell types (interstitial cells of the pineal gland, Müller cells of the retina, autonomic ganglionic cells, glial cells of the central nervous system, Schwann cells, Bergmann glia of the cerebellum, fat cells, reticular cells of lymphoid organs). By use of double immunoenzymatic labeling, it was evident that stellate cells are spatially related either to somatotropes, prolactin cells, “corticotropes”, or to glycoprotein-containing cells. Thus, a specific relationship to a particular endocrine-cell type could not be observed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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