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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Keywords: Cell proliferation ; Immunocytochemistry ; Lung ; Bronchioles ; Alveoli, lung ; Proliferating cell nuclear antigen ; Type II pneumocyte ; Clara cell ; Mouse (various strains)
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Proliferating cell nuclear antigen is expressed in cells from late G1 through the S-phase of the cell cycle. Therefore, antibodies directed against this molecule should provide a probe for labeling immunocytochemically the nuclei of proliferating cells. Herein we demonstrate the feasibility and reliability of this technique by quantifying immunostained pulmonary nuclei. We applied polyclonal and monoclonal antisera to alveolar and bronchiolar pulmonary epithelial cells in various proliferative states in tissue-sections and in vitro. A/J mice had a slightly higher labeling index than C57BL/6J mice, and proliferation in both strains increased dramatically after butylated hydroxytoluene treatment produced compensatory hyperplasia of Type-II pneumocytes. Immunostaining in fetal and neonatal lung samples from mice was higher than in adults. Spontaneous lung adenomas had a higher labeling index than the surrounding normal lung tissue. In addition, new data contained herein demonstrate a strain difference in proliferation of bronchiolar epithelial cells, and quantify the extent to which BHT-induced lung damage increases these proliferative rates. This mammalian nuclear antigen did not cross-react with antiserum to a functionally related bacterial protein, the beta subunit of E. coli DNA polymerase-III holoenzyme.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0002-9106
    Keywords: Heart ; Development ; Immunocytochemistry ; Immunofluorescence ; Myofibril ; Cell polarity ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The distribution of sarcomeric myosin heavy chain (MyHC) has been examined immunoctochemically in the presumptive myocardial cells of chicken embryos (stages 6-10) prior to the onset of the heart beat. Embryos were stained with monoclonal antibody MF20, a reagent which recognizes all chicken sarcomeric MyHCs (Bader et al., 1982), and then examined both in whole mount by immunofluorescence and in semithin, plastic-embedded sections following immunoperoxidase labeling. We observed that myosin could be detected as early as stage 7 (0-2 pairs of somites) in 29% of the 31 embryos examined, and by stage 8 (4 pairs of somites) more than 80% of the embryos were MF20+, Every embryo with 5 pairs of somites (stage 8+) labeled strongly with MF20. Labeling was first detected at stage 7 to 7+ as a diffuse fluorescent signal within pleomorphic cells of the splanchnic mesoderm located in two crescent-shaped regions bordering each side of the anterior intestinal portal (AIP). With progressive development, the two crescent-shaped regions merged at the apex of the AIP, and as the two heart tubes began fusion at stage 9, the MyHC+ regions extended cranially and medially. By somite stages 9-10, the myosin-positive cells completely encircled the heart tube. From stages 7 to 9 the myosin signal had no sarcomeric distribution; i.e., there were no MyHC striations nor periodic repeats evident in the presumptive myocytes until late stage 9 and stage 10. Semithin sections revealed that myosin was first distributed in apical regions of the myocytes, adjacent to the pericardial coelom. The implications of these findings for myocyte determination, differentiation and morphogenesis are discussed.© 1992 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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