Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary Using the technique of two-dimensional (2D) electrophoresis with consecutive silver staining, we investigated samples of serum, synovial fluid and synovial tissue obtained from 19 patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or non-RA arthritis. From these experiments we have drawn the following conclusions. 2D electrophoresis of serum, synovial fluid and synovial tissue extracts taken from patients suffering from joint diseases is a reproducible method. Repeated runs of the same sample reveal an essentially constant protein spot pattern. The time period between surgery and tissue preparation did not influence the number of protein spots when less than 15 h was involved. The protein spot number is always lower in synovial fluid than in either synovial tissue or serum in RA and non-RA patients. The mean value for the number of spots is 68 for the inflamed tissue irrespective of the cause of arthritis (RA and non-RA group taken together) and 47 for the control group. This difference is significant. We were able to definitely identify 7 spots in the tissue extract. We did not find RA-specific protein spots in either serum, synovial fluid or tissue extracts from the synovial membrane. The only significant difference between RA patients and either non-RA or control group patients concerning the protein spot pattern is the increased size of the immunoglobulin spot (mainly IgG) in RA. In addition, we discuss possible reasons for failure of the 2D electrophoresis technique to detect disease-specific protein patterns.
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