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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1076
    Keywords: Inter-laboratory quality control ; Neonatal screening ; Inborn errors of metabolism
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Screening of neonates for inborn errors of metabolism has been carried out on a national level since 1969 in the Federal Republic of Germany. To raise the reliability of these routine investigations, we introduced an external quality control in March 1982. Every 2 months ten filter paper samples were sent to the screening centres in West Germany. Some of these samples have a normal and others a slightly raised content of phenylalanine, leucine, methionine and galactose. The success of this external quality control is appraised on the basis of the number of false negative results. In the course of time, screening centres in France, Israel, Italy, Japan, Switzerland, Taiwan, Turkey and Yugoslavia have also practicipated in these inter-laboratory quality controls.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-1076
    Keywords: Neonatal screening in West Germany ; Inborn errors of metabolism ; Results
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Capillary blood samples from almost one million neonates from Baden-Württemberg were investigated for inborn errors of metabolism between 1969 and 1984 in our screening centre. Besides 7 patients with maple syrup urine disease (MSUD), 3 with homocystinuria and 18 with galactosaemia, a follow-up of the positive screening results confirmed 94 patients with phenylketonuria (PKU) and 76 with non-PKU hyperphenylalaninaemia (non-PKU HPA). The incidence of PKU is 1: 10 000, and that of HPA in the wider sense (PKU and non-PKU HPA) as obtained by newborn screening before further classification at 6 months 1: 5532. For West Germany as a whole, the number of newly discovered cases with persistent hyperphenylalaninaemia was 1480 in the same period. The subdivision into PKU and non-PKU HPA is not yet possible from this figure. It is strongly suggested that the abnormal results of newborn screening for phenylalanine be designated as hyperphenylalaninaemia (in the wider sense) and that the terms “PKU” or “non-PKU HPA” be used only after further differentiation as carried out by us at the age of 6 months.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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