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  • Aneurysma  (3)
  • Inorganic Chemistry  (3)
  • Cu/Zn SOD  (2)
  • RANGE  (2)
  • 1
    Keywords: SPECTRA ; CANCER ; Germany ; human ; SUPPORT ; COHORT ; GENOME ; PATIENT ; DNA ; INFECTION ; SKIN ; PCR ; HPV ; BETA ; PREVALENCE ; immunosuppression ; SKIN-CANCER ; papillomaviruses ; GAMMA ; RECIPIENTS ; VIRAL LOAD ; allergy ; cutaneous HPV ; HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUSES ; HPV types ; 33 ; ALLERGIES ; organ transplant recipients ; RANGE ; cutaneous warts
    Abstract: BACKGROUND: A broad spectrum of human papillomaviruses (HPV) has been detected in warts from immunocompetent patients and a much more diverse range from immunosuppressed organ transplant recipients (OTR). OBJECTIVES: To determine the HPV types in warts from OTR, we assessed present infections of mucosal (alpha-PV), wart-associated (alpha-, micro- and nu-PV) and cutaneous HPV types (beta-/gamma-PV) in immunocompetent patients and OTR. Patients/methods Forty-one warts from 29 immunocompetent patients (non-OTR) and 53 warts from 33 OTR were analysed for DNA of human alpha-, beta-, gamma-, micro- and nu-PV. For frequent types viral load was determined by quantitative real-time PCR. RESULTS: Compared with non-OTR prevalence of cutaneous HPV (79% vs. 49%, P 〈 0.01) and the number of multiple infections (62% vs. 17%, P 〈 0.0001) were significantly increased. The mean viral load of the wart-associated HPV was more than 10(5)-fold higher compared with human beta-PV in both cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: The high load of wart-associated HPV suggests an active role of these viruses rather than cutaneous types in warts independent of immunosuppression; however, the substantial fraction of warts with low HPV genome copies remains to be explained.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 19519829
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  • 2
    Keywords: OPTIMIZATION ; PEPTIDE ; INHIBITOR ; tumor ; CELL ; INHIBITION ; KINASE ; MICROSCOPY ; MODEL ; MODELS ; SUPPORT ; SYSTEM ; SYSTEMS ; TOOL ; TUMORS ; ACTIVATION ; cell signaling ; DOMAIN ; BIOLOGY ; CYCLE ; ASSAY ; DESIGN ; PARAMETERS ; RECRUITMENT ; STRATEGIES ; lipids ; UNCERTAINTY ; parameter estimation ; systems biology ; BEHAVIOR ; AFFINITY ; AKT ; REPRESENTATION ; signaling ; PROTOCOL ; FLUORESCENCE MICROSCOPY ; PROFILES ; USA ; COMPOUND ; KINASE INHIBITOR ; lipid ; CALIFORNIA ; STATE ; STRATEGY ; A KINASE ; EXPERIMENTAL-DESIGN ; RANGE ; PI3K ; chemically induced
    Abstract: Differential equation models that describe the dynamic changes of biochemical signaling states are important tools to understand cellular behavior. An essential task in building such representations is to infer the affinities, rate constants, and other parameters of a model from actual measurement data. However, intuitive measurement protocols often fail to generate data that restrict the range of possible parameter values. Here we utilized a numerical method to iteratively design optimal live-cell fluorescence microscopy experiments in order to reveal pharmacological and kinetic parameters of a phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PIP(3)) second messenger signaling process that is deregulated in many tumors. The experimental approach included the activation of endogenous phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) by chemically induced recruitment of a regulatory peptide, reversible inhibition of PI3K using a kinase inhibitor, and monitoring of the PI3K-mediated production of PIP(3) lipids using the pleckstrin homology (PH) domain of Akt. We found that an intuitively planned and established experimental protocol did not yield data from which relevant parameters could be inferred. Starting from a set of poorly defined model parameters derived from the intuitively planned experiment, we calculated concentration-time profiles for both the inducing and the inhibitory compound that would minimize the predicted uncertainty of parameter estimates. Two cycles of optimization and experimentation were sufficient to narrowly confine the model parameters, with the mean variance of estimates dropping more than sixty-fold. Thus, optimal experimental design proved to be a powerful strategy to minimize the number of experiments needed to infer biological parameters from a cell signaling assay.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 19911077
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  • 3
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  58. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie e.V. (DGNC); 20070426-20070429; Leipzig; DOCSA.06.02 /20070411/
    Publication Date: 2007-04-04
    Keywords: ultrasound ; registration ; aneurysm ; Ultraschall ; Neuronavigation ; Aneurysma ; ddc: 610
    Language: English
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 4
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  58. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie e.V. (DGNC); 20070426-20070429; Leipzig; DOCP 026 /20070411/
    Publication Date: 2007-04-04
    Keywords: image registration ; free form deformation ; aneurysm ; Registrierung ; freie Deformation ; Aneurysma ; ddc: 610
    Language: English
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 5
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  58. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie e.V. (DGNC); 20070426-20070429; Leipzig; DOCSA.06.01 /20070411/
    Publication Date: 2007-04-04
    Keywords: aneurysm ; imaging ; coregistration ; Aneurysma ; Bildgebung ; Koregistrierung ; ddc: 610
    Language: English
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1433-0407
    Keywords: Schlüsselwörter ALS ; Neurogenetik ; Exzitatorische Aminosäuren ; Cu/Zn-SOD ; Key words Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis ; Neurogenetics ; Excitatory amino acids ; Cu/Zn SOD
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Summary At presently, the etiology and pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are unknown. In recent years, the genetic background of hereditary motor neuron diseases has been partly defined. In particular, these advances represent an opportunity to improve our understanding of the pathogenesis of the familial and sporadic forms of ALS and thus provide a basis for rational therapeutic approaches. In this article, recent findings on the pathogenesis of the familial form of ALS and their implications for the sporadic form are discussed.
    Notes: Zusammenfassung Die Ätiologie und Pathogenese der amyotrophen Lateralsklerose (ALS) bleibt weitgehend ungeklärt. In den zurückliegenden Jahren sind bei den genetisch bedingten Varianten dieser Erkrankung wichtige Fortschritte bei der Identifizierung ihrer molekularbiologischen Grundlagen gemacht worden. Diese Fortschritte berechtigen zu der Hoffnung, daß es in Zukunft gelingt, die Pathogenese der familiären, aber auch der sporadischen Formen der Erkrankung zu erhellen und damit rationalen Therapieansätzen weiter den Weg zu bereiten. Im Rahmen dieser Übersichtsarbeit soll sowohl auf die vorliegenden Befunde bei der familiären Form der ALS (fALS) als auch auf die mögliche Bedeutung dieser Befunde für pathogenetische Vorstellungen bei der sporadischen Form der ALS (sALS) eingegangen werden.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Structure of TetraphenyldisiloxaneTetraphenyldisiloxane 1 crystallizes at 298 K monoclinically (P21/n; a = 1407.6; b = 610.7; c = 1262.7 pm; β = 95.87° Z = 2) and undergoes a second order phase transition at 200 K, in an almost unchanged structure of triclinic symmetry. At 298 K the molecules are already bent (Si—O—Si = 160°) with static or dynamical disorder of the bridging atom. Both Si—O distances are different (156 or 169 pm), because the shift of the bridging O atom is not perpendicular to the Si—to—Si vector. The reason for this remarkable behavior is not yet clear. According to the vibrational spectra, the Si—O—Si bridge is bent in the crystal but, in CCl4 solution a dynamical oscillation through the linear configuration may occur.
    Notes: Tetraphenyldisiloxan 1 kristallisiert bei 298 K monoklin (P21/n; a = 1407,6 pm; b = 610,7 pm; c = 1262,7 pm; β = 95,87° Z = 2) und durchläuft bei 200 K einen Phasenübergang 2. Ordnung in eine kaum veränderte Struktur trikliner Symmetrie. Bereits bei 298 K liegen in der Struktur gewinkelte Moleküle (Si—O—Si = 160°) mit statischer oder dynamischer Fehlordnung des Brückenatoms vor. Die beiden Abstände Si—O sind verschieden (156 bzw. 169 pm), weil die Auslenkung des Brückenatoms aus der zentralen Lage nicht senkrecht zum Vektor Si—Si erfolgt. Der Grund für dieses merkwürdige Verhalten ist unklar. Die Schwingungsspektren beweisen für den kristallinen Zustand ebenfalls die gewinkelte Struktur, während in CCl4-Lösungen ein dynamisches Durchschwingen durch die gestreckte Konfiguration wahrscheinlich ist.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Polyphosphides ; Zintl-phases M3X11 (M = Na, K, Rb, Cs; X = P, As) ; P113-, As113- cage anion ; preparation ; vibrational spectra ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Chemistry and Structural Chemistry of Phosphides and Polyphosphides. 53. Preparation, Properties, and Vibrational Spectra of the Cage Anions P113- and As113-The Zintl-phases M3X11 (M = Na, K, Rb, Cs; X = P, As) are prepared from the elements or from M3X7 and X. The compounds undergo a first-order phase transition from the crystalline to the plastically crystalline state. Unit cell and space group of both modifications and the transition temperature Tc are determined. The vibrational spectra of the crystalline compounds and the Raman spectrum of the P113- anion in en-solution as well are measured. The assignment of the frequencies is given, based on the 32-D3 symmetry of the X113- cage anion. Normal coordinate analysis is carried out in terms of Cartesian coordinates to avoid the problem of redundancies in using internal coordinates. The force constants [mdyn Å-1] obtained for the characteristic bonds r, s, and t are: fppr = 1.34, fpps = 1.20, fppt = 1.08; fAsAsr = 1.1, fAsAss = 0.91. Normal vibrations and the potential energy distribution (PED) are discussed.
    Notes: Die Zintl-Phasen M3X11 (M = Na, K, Rb, Cs; X = P, As) werden aus den Elementen oder aus M3X7 und X synthetisiert. Die Verbindungen durchlaufen einen Phasenübergang 1. Ordnung vom kristallinen zum plastisch-kristallinen Zustand. Elementarzelle und Raumgruppe beider Modifikationen sowie Übergangstemperaturen Tc wurden bestimmt. Die Schwingungsspektren der kristallinen Verbindungen sowie das Raman-Spektrum des Anions P113- in en-Lösung wurden gemessen. Die Zuordnung der Schwingungsfrequenzen gelingt auf der Basis der Symmetrie 32-D3 der Käfiganionen X113-. Die Normalkoordinatenanalyse erfolgte in kartesischen Koordinaten, wodurch das in inneren Koordinaten auftretende Redundanzproblem vermieden wird. Auf diesem Wege erhaltene Kraftkonstanten [mdyn Å-1] der charakteristischen Bindungen r, s und t sind: fppr = 1, 34, fpps = 1, 20, fppt = 1, 08; fAsAsr = 1, 1, fAsAss = 0, 96, fAsAst = 0, 91. Die Normalschwingungen und die Verteilung der potentiellen Energie (PED) werden diskutiert.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Chemistry and Structural Chemistry of Phosphides and Polyphosphides. 46. Tetrarubidiumhexaphosphide and Tetracesiumhexaphosphide. Preparation, Structure, and Properties of Rb4P6 and Cs4P6Tetrarubidium and tetracesiumhexaphosphide have been prepared quantitatively by reaction of the elements in sealed Nb ampoules at 870 K and 920 K, respectively. Both compounds are black semiconductors (EG ≍ 1.3 - 1.6 eV) and show metallic lustre. Their crystal structures are orthorhombic defect variants M4P6□2 of the hexagonal AlB2 type structure. Characteristic building units are planar isometric P6 rings with bond lengths d(P—P) = 215 and 214 pm, respectively, representing an aromatic 10° system with one double bond, delocalized about six bonds. Thermal decomposition in Ta crucibles yields quantitatively M3P7. The compounds M4P6 disproportionate in ethylendiamine into M3P7, and M3P, as revealed by 31P n.m.r. spectra. In the down field region a singulett (Δ(α-K4P6) = 331; Δ(Rb4P6) = 337; Δ(Cs4P6) = 348) is observed, which can be ascribed to the valence tautomeric hexaphosphene (4). The internal vibrations of the P6 ring have been observed by i.r. and raman-spectra. For Cs4P6 the fundamental vibrations are v(A1g)=356 cm-1 and v(E2g)=507 and 202 cm-1, respectively, and show the same sequence as for benzen. Semiempirical LCAO-MO calculations show, that in the series P6n- with n=2,4, 6 the anion P62- is the most stable one but the unit M2P6-1 becomes more stable as the other isomers by forming the M2[μ-(η6-P6)] complex. Among the isomers of P64- the hexagonal planar 10π system is about 7 eV more stable than the isomeric bicyclo-tetraanion.
    Notes: Tetrarubidium-und Tetracäsiumhexaphosphid werden beim quantitativen Umsatz der Elemente bei 870 K bzw. 920 K in Nb-Ampullen erhalten. Beide Verbindungen sind schwarze Halbleiter (EG ≈ 1,3 - 1,6 eV), die Kristalle zeigen metallischen Glanz. Die Strukturen sind orthorhombische Defektvarianten M4P6□2 der hexagonalen AlB2-Struktur mit planaren isometrischen P6-Ringen als charakteristische Baueinheiten. Die Bindungslänge d(P—P) = 215 bzw. 214 pm entspricht einem aromatischen 10° System mit einer über die sechs Bindungen delokalisierten Doppelbindung. Beim thermischen Abbau entsteht quantitativ M3P7. In Lösungen von Ethylendiamin disproportionieren die Verbindungen M4P6 in M3P7 und M3P. Intermediär treten im Tieffeldbereich von 31P-NMR-Spektren jeweils Singulett-Signale auf (Δ(α-K4P6) = 331; Δ(Rb4P6) = 337; Δ(Cs4P6) = 348), die dem valenztautomeren Hexaphosphen(4) zugeschrieben werden. Die inneren Schwingungen der P6-Ringe wurden aus IR-und Raman-Spektren ermittelt. Für Cs4P6 liegen die Fundamentalschwingungen bei n̈(A1g) = 356 cm-1, n̈(E2g) = 507 bzw. 202 cm-1. Diese Abfolge entspricht derjenigen von Benzol. Mit semiempirischen LCAO-MO Rechnungen wird gezeigt, daß in der Reihe P6n- mit n = 2, 4, 6 zwar das Anion P62- das stabilste ist, daß jedoch mit der Bildung eines M2[m̈-(η6-P6)]-Komplexes die Einheit M2P62- wesentlich stärker stabilisiert wird als die übrigen Isomeren. Unter den Isomeren P64- ist das hexagonal-planare 10°System um 7 eV stabiler als der isomere Bicyclus.
    Additional Material: 9 Ill.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1432-1459
    Keywords: Key words Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis ; Cu/Zn SOD ; EAAT2 ; AMPA ; Neurolathyrism ; Riluzole
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract It is well accepted that excitotoxic mechanisms contribute to the pathogenesis of acute neuronal death in stroke, epilepsy, or brain trauma. It is less widely acknowledged that excitotoxic mechanisms play a role in the pathogenesis of chronic neurological disorders, in particular neurodegenerative diseases. However, evidence is accumulating that this mechanism is indeed part of the pathogenesis of late-onset neurodegenerative diseases. One of the clinical examples may be amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, a disease in which antiexcitotoxic strategies have neuroprotective effects in both, an established animal model and in man. In addition, there is accumulating neuropathological, pathobiochemical and pathophysiological evidence which indicates that excitotoxic mechanisms are part of the pathogenesis of the human disease and consequently part of the mechanisms explaining selective vulnerability (“pathoclisis”) in the human motor system.
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