Key words: Bone crystals — X-ray diffraction — Bone quality — Mineral analysis — Ipriflavone.
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract. We have previously found that a short-term treatment with high doses of ipriflavone increased bone density and improved the biomechanical properties of adult male rat bones, without altering their mineral composition. To determine whether this effect can be associated with alterations of bone crystal structure, we have performed X-ray diffraction analysis of bones obtained from rats treated with ipriflavone at doses that were effective in inducing favorable changes on bone density and biomechanics. Eighteen-week-old male Sprague Dawley rats were treated by oral route with either ipriflavone (200 or 400 mg/kg/day), or its vehicle for 12 weeks. The treatment was well tolerated and body weight increased to the same extent in all animals. As a measure of bone crystallinity, we examined the (310) and (002) reflections of the X-ray diffraction patterns, corresponding to the directions perpendicular and parallel to the c-axis of the crystals, respectively. No major differences were observed between ipriflavone-treated and control animals for the broadening parameter β½ for (310) and (002) peaks, as well as for lattice parameters. Therefore, a 12-week treatment with ipriflavone at high doses does not induce significant modifications of bone ``crystallinity.'' Thus, the positive effect of ipriflavone on bone mineral density appears to be associated with an increased apatite crystal formation rather than an increase of crystal size. These results provide further evidence for the safety and usefulness of ipriflavone in the treatment of osteoporotic syndromes.
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