Key words: Parathyroid hormone — Osteoporosis — Trabecular bone.
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract. hPTH-(1-31)NH2, so far the smallest of the potently anabolic N-terminal fragments of the human parathyroid hormone, stimulates trabecular growth in the distal femurs of ovariectomized (OVX) rats as strongly as hPTH-(1-34) when injected at a high daily dose such as 1 nmol/100 g of body weight, but it is only about 70% as effective as hPTH-(1-34) when injected at the suboptimal 0.6 nmol/100 g of body weight. A lactam derivative of hPTH-(1-31)-NH2, [Leu27]-cyclo(Glu22-Lys26)-hPTH-(1-31)NH2, is a much more effective stimulator of adenylyl cyclase in ROS 17/2 rat osteoblast-like cells and a significantly more effective stimulator of femoral trabecular growth in OVX rats than hPTH-(1-31)NH2. We have now shown that [Leu27]-cyclo(Glu22-Lys26)-hPTH-(1-31)NH2 prevents the OVX-induced loss of femoral trabeculae significantly more effectively than hPTH-(1-34) and stimulates the thickening of the trabeculae remaining in severely depleted femoral trabecular bone of OVX rats as effectively as hPTH-(1-34) when injected at 0.6 nmol/100 g of body weight.
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