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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1084
    Keywords: Key words: Coronary vessels ; Calcification ; CT ; Stenosis ; Coronary heart disease ; Coronary angiography ; Helical CT
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical relevance of coronary artery calcifications detected by spiral CT, congruence with fluoroscopy (FS) and coronary angiography, and comparison with studies reporting on application of double-helical CT and ultrafast CT. Forty patients underwent spiral CT (2-mm slice thickness, table feed 3 mm/s), coronary angiography, and FS (performed in the usual manner). Stenosis and calcifications were evaluated semiquantitatively. Nineteen patients suffering from a stenosis ≥ 75 % were verified at coronary angiography. All had coronary artery calcification on spiral CT. Fluoroscopy did not detect 8 of 19 patients with a stenosis ≥ 75 % (1 vessel: n = 1; 2 vessels: n = 3; 3 vessels: n = 4). In spiral CT sensitivity was 100 % and specificity was 33 % (FS: 58 and 48 %). Positive predictive value was 83 % for spiral CT (FS: 50 %), and negative predictive value was 100 % (FS: 56 %). A significant linear increase in the calcification score was found for increasing maximal stenosis (p 〈 0.005). Spiral CT is more sensitive than FS in the recognition of hemodynamic relevant stenoses using the detection of coronary artery calcifications. Statistical parameters are comparable to ultrafast-CT. Spiral CT is a suitable non-invasive diagnostic technique in coronary heart disease. Coronary calcifications found incidentally in symptomatic patients at chest CT should be reported to the referring physician for further cardiological workup.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    European radiology 9 (1999), S. 262-275 
    ISSN: 1432-1084
    Keywords: Key words: Pulmonary embolism ; Pulmonary arteries ; Helical CT ; MR ; Vascular studies
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. Acute pulmonary embolism is a frequent disease with non-specific findings, high mortality, and multiple therapeutic options. A definitive diagnosis must be established by accurate, non-invasive, easily performed, cost-effective, and widely available imaging modalities. Conventional diagnostic strategies have relied on ventilation-perfusion scintigraphy complemented by venous imaging. If the results are inconclusive, pulmonary angiography, which is regarded as the gold standard, is to be performed. Recently, marked improvements in CT and MRI and shortcomings of scintigraphy led to an update of the diagnostic strategy. Spiral CT is successfully employed as a second-line procedure to clarify indeterminate scintigraphic results avoiding pulmonary angiography. It can also be used as a first-line screening tool if service and expertise is provided. Venous imaging is indicated if CT is inconclusive. The MRI technique can be applied as an alternative second-line test if spiral CT is not available or is contraindicated. It has the greatest potential for further developments and refinements. Echocardiography should be used as a first-line bedside examination in critical patients. If inconclusive stabilized patients undergo spiral CT, unstable patients should be referred for pulmonary angiography. Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension is a rare sequela of acute pulmonary embolism which can be cured surgically. Morphology, complications, and differential diagnoses are better illustrated by spiral CT and MRA, whereas invasive acquisition of hemodynamic data is the sole advantage of angiography.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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