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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0843
    Keywords: Key words HO-221 ; Benzoylphenylurea derivative ; Antimicrotubule effect
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract  The antitumor action of HO-221, a novel benzoylphenylurea derivative, was studied. The in vitro cytotoxic strength of HO-221 was investigated, as measured by IC50 values, compared with those of other drugs with different action mechanisms, using Chinese hamster lung (CHL) cells, mouse leukemia L1210 cells and human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells. Morphological alterations following treatment were observed under a phase contrast microscope, and the mitotic index was determined at regular intervals to check for accumulation of metaphase cells. HO-221 was found to have a very strong toxic effect on all cell types, equal to that of the spindle poisons used as controls. HO-221 also produced the same specific morphological changes as the spindle poisons, with a significant accumulation of metaphase cells. A chromosome analysis of treated cells showed that HO-221 frequently induced polyploid and aneuploid cells, but without accompanying chromosome-breaking activity. An in vivo mouse bone marrow micronucleus assay was also carried out. The assay allowed the in vivo identification of a chromosome breaker or a spindle poison through the measurement of the relative sizes of micronuclei produced and erythrocytes. HO-221 was found frequently to induce relatively large micronuclei, an action regarded as specific to spindle poisons. It was thus demonstrated that HO-221 acts as a spindle poison both in vitro and in vivo. In order to investigate the mechanism of this action, a study of tubulin assembly using purified calf brain tubulin was carried out, which demonstrated clearly that HO-221 inhibits microtubule assembly. A detailed investigation of the action mechanism of HO-221 as a spindle poison is now called for.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0851
    Keywords: ONO-4007 ; Lipid A ; Antitumor effect ; TNF ; TIM
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract ONO-4007 is a novel synthetic analog of lipid A subunit and has been shown to exert antitumor activities on various experimental tumors with less toxicity than lipopolysaccharide. It remains unclear, however, what biological activities of this compound are relevant to its antitumor effects. We therefore investigated the activation of macrophages by ONO-4007 in vitro and in vivo and its implication in antitumor effects, using mouse MM46 mammary tumor as an experimental model. Intravenous injection of ONO-4007 produced significant therapeutic effects on this solid tumor. ONO-4007 could stimulate glycogen-elicited peritoneal macrophages in vitro, not only to produce tumor necrosis factor (TNF), but also to exert cytocidal activities against MM46 cells in vitro. Substantial TNF production was induced in tumor tissue by i. v. injection of ONO-4007, and its successive administration to tumor-bearing mice gave tumor-infiltrating macrophages a prominent in vitro tumoricidal activity and primed them for in vitro TNF secretion. These results suggest that activation of tumor-infiltrating macrophages to a direct tumoricidal state as well as to TNF secretion in tumor tissues may be at least some of the antitumor effects of this novel lipid A analog.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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